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A role of the Atlantic Ocean in predicting summer surface air temperature over North East Asia?

We assess the ability of the DePreSys3 prediction system to predict the summer (JJAS) surface-air temperature over North East Asia. DePreSys3 is based on a high resolution ocean–atmosphere coupled climate prediction system (~ 60 km in the atmosphere and ~ 25 km in the ocean), which is full-field initialized from 1960 to 2014 (26 start-dates). We find skill in predicting surface-air ...

Generalization techniques to reduce the number of volume elements for terrain effect calculations in fully analytical gravitational modelling

Beyond rectangular prism polyhedron, as a discrete volume element, can also be used to model the density distribution inside 3D geological structures. The calculation of the closed formulae given for the gravitational potential and its higher-order derivatives, however, needs twice more runtime than that of the rectangular prism computations. Although the more detailed the better ...

Development of environmental friendly bioinoculate for peanut (Arachis hypogea L.) production in Eastern Ethiopia

Background Bacterial bioinoculate is one of environmentally friendly input for crop production. Several works revealed that effectiveness of Rhizobium bioinoculant have been affected by the native rhizobia population. Hence, this study was initiated to evaluate the effect of selected Bradyrhizobium in nodulating peanut in the major growing areas of Ethiopia. Methods The effect of ...

Search for single production of the vector-like top partner at the 14 TeV LHC

The new heavy vector-like top partner (T) is one of typical features of many new physics models beyond the standard model. In this paper we study the discovery potential of the LHC for the vector-like T-quark both in the leptonic \(T\rightarrow bW\) and \(T\rightarrow t_\mathrm{lep}Z_\mathrm{lep}\) (trilepton) channels at \(\sqrt{s}= 14\) TeV in the single production mode. Our ...

Product group confinement in SUSY gauge theories

We propose a new set of s-confining theories with product gauge groups and no tree-level superpotential, based on a model with one antisymmetric matter field and four flavors of quarks. For each product group we find a set of gauge-invariant operators which satisfy the ’t Hooft anomaly matching conditions, and we identify the dynamically generated superpotential which reproduces ...

The Ax21 protein influences virulence and biofilm formation in Stenotrophomonas maltophilia

Stenotrophomonas maltophilia is an antibiotic-resistant Gram-negative pathogen, which is associated with hospital-acquired infection. The genome encodes a protein highly related to the Ax21 protein of Xanthomonas oryzae that is implicated in interactions of this plant pathogen with rice. Here, we report on the pleiotropic nature of ax21 mutation in S. maltophilia and the effects of ...

Tree water potentials supporting an explanation for the occurrence of Vachellia erioloba in the Namib Desert (Namibia)

Background Site-vegetation relations of Vachellia erioloba, Faidherbia albida, Euclea pseudebenus and Tamarix usneoides in two contrasting locations in the Namib Desert (Namibia) were evaluated with the goal to relate soil water availability to the occurrence of trees under hyper-arid conditions. Methods Plant water potentials were measured using a pressure chamber in the field. ...

Cash transfers and female labor force participation: the case of AUH in Argentina

In this paper, we estimate the impact on female labor force participation of a massive conditional cash transfer program—Universal Child Allowance, AUH—launched in Argentina in 2009. We identify the intention-to-treat effect by comparing eligible and non-eligible women over time through a diff-in-diff methodology. The results suggest a negative and economically significant effect ...

Novel developments in the pathogenesis and diagnosis of extranodal marginal zone lymphoma

Extranodal marginal zone lymphoma (EMZL), mostly represented by mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) type, also referred to as MALT lymphoma, is a clinically heterogeneous entity within the group of low-grade B cell lymphomas that arises in a wide range of different extranodal sites, including the stomach, lung, ocular adnexa, and skin. It represents the third most common ...

Preliminary report from the World Health Organisation Chest Radiography in Epidemiological Studies project

Childhood pneumonia is among the leading infectious causes of mortality in children younger than 5 years of age globally. Streptococcus pneumoniae (pneumococcus) is the leading infectious cause of childhood bacterial pneumonia. The diagnosis of childhood pneumonia remains a critical epidemiological task for monitoring vaccine and treatment program effectiveness. The chest ...

Guidelines for the use of chest radiographs in community-acquired pneumonia in children and adolescents

National guidance from the United Kingdom and the United States on community-acquired pneumonia in children states that chest radiographs are not recommended routinely in uncomplicated cases. The main reason in the ambulatory setting is that there is no evidence of a substantial impact on clinical outcomes. However clinical practice and adherence to guidance is multifactorial and ...

In gov we trust: the less we pay for improved electricity supply in Ghana

Background Ghana is bedeviled with the lack of 24-h supply of electricity. This holds back economic growth and sustainable development prospects. Several studies have investigated varied factors that account for household’s willingness-to-pay (WTP) for improved electricity services. However, not much is known about the role of trust as a proxy for social capital and household’s WTP ...

Labor market reforms in Europe: towards more flexicure labor markets?

Labor market segmentation refers to a salient divide between secure and insecure jobs and is related to problems in important areas, including macro-economic efficiency, workers’ well-being and repercussions for social cohesion. EU-28 countries have started a new wave of labor market reforms in the aftermath of the 2008/2009 crisis to tackle a number of issues, including labor ...

Community-acquired pneumonia in children — a changing spectrum of disease

Pneumonia remains the leading cause of death in children outside the neonatal period, despite advances in prevention and management. Over the last 20 years, there has been a substantial decrease in the incidence of childhood pneumonia and pneumonia-associated mortality. New conjugate vaccines against Haemophilus influenzae type b and Streptococcus pneumoniae have contributed to ...