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Herbicide resistance and biodiversity: agronomic and environmental aspects of genetically modified herbicide-resistant plants

Farmland biodiversity is an important characteristic when assessing sustainability of agricultural practices and is of major international concern. Scientific data indicate that agricultural intensification and pesticide use are among the main drivers of biodiversity loss. The analysed data and experiences do not support statements that herbicide-resistant crops provide ...

Update of the activity of telavancin against a global collection of Staphylococcus aureus causing bacteremia, including endocarditis (2011–2014)

The efficacy and safety of telavancin is under evaluation for the treatment of subjects with complicated Staphylococcus aureus bacteremia and S. aureus right-sided infective endocarditis. This study evaluated the telavancin activity against a global collection of S. aureus causing bloodstream infections (BSI), including endocarditis, to support the development of ...

Additive effects of the herbicide glyphosate and elevated temperature on the branched coral Acropora formosa in Nha Trang, Vietnam

The combined effects of the herbicide glyphosate and elevated temperature were studied on the tropical staghorn coral Acropora formosa, in Nha Trang bay, Vietnam. The corals were collected from two different reefs, one close to a polluted fish farm and one in a marine-protected area (MPA). In the laboratory, branches of the corals were exposed to the herbicide glyphosate at ambient ...

Using the product environmental footprint for supply chain management: lessons learned from a case study on pork

Purpose The purpose of this study was to test the chain-organization environmental footprint (chain-OEF) approach by applying it to part of a pork production chain in Belgium. The approach is supposed to provide insight into the environmental impact of a specific production chain in an efficient manner by applying pragmatic data collection throughout the chain. This is achieved by ...

Simultaneous spatio-temporal matching pursuit decomposition of evoked brain responses in MEG

We present a novel approach to the spatio-temporal decomposition of evoked brain responses in magnetoencephalography (MEG) aiming at a sparse representation of the underlying brain activity in terms of spatio-temporal atoms. Our approach is characterized by three attributes which constitute significant improvements with respect to existing approaches: (1) the spatial and temporal ...

Transcriptome analysis provides insights into wood formation during larch tree aging

Tree age affects wood formation and yield. However, the underlying mechanisms are poorly understood, particularly at the molecular level. In this study, we investigated the transcriptomic changes of the uppermost main stems of Larix kaempferi in an entire rotation period using the RNA-Seq method. In total, ∼151 million reads were obtained from the stems of 1-, 2-, 5-, 10-, 25-, and ...

Leadership in innovation projects: an illustration of the reflective practitioner and the relation to organizational learning

The purpose of this conceptual article is to demonstrate that Donald Schön’s Reflective Practitioner actually outlines an explicit model of the steps that project leaders in practice apply largely unaware. This reflective research model furthermore can be meaningfully combined with Argyris and Schön’s model of organizational learning. The combined research and learning model can ...

Low dimensional modeling of Double T-junctions in water distribution networks using Kriging interpolation and Delaunay triangulation

Water distribution networks are subject to potential intentional contaminations to cause harm to the consumer. Reliable transport models are needed to detect, trace and follow any contaminant transported inside the network. For now, the transport of contaminants in pipes has been mostly modeled assuming perfect mixing conditions at T-junction. However, some studies have shown that ...

A computational treatment of generalized reference

Purpose Medieval logic defined reference as a relation between language and objects in the world. Recently, however, the term ``representational token'' has been used instead of language (Reimer and Michaelson in The stanford encyclopedia of philosophy: winter 2014 edition. http://​plato.​stanford.​edu/​entries/​reference/​, 2014). This allows for reference with and without ...

Pushing the sensitivity limits of RTS-based continuous deformation monitoring of an alpine valley

Monitoring applications may require operating robotic total stations (RTS) at the limit of their sensitivity with respect to target displacements. Thorough understanding and mitigation of systematic effects are required in order to reach or push this limit. We investigate some of these effects, in particular effects external to the total station, using data and experience gained ...

The seroprevalence of antithyroid peroxidase antibodies in bipolar families and bipolar twins: results from two longitudinal studies

Background Previous studies of our group among bipolar offspring and bipolar twins showed significant higher prevalence’s and levels of antithyroid peroxidase antibodies (TPO-Abs) in offspring and co-twins (without a mood disorder) compared to controls, suggesting that TPO-Abs might be considered as vulnerability factor (trait marker) for BD development. Objectives Here we ...

Precision medicine in immune checkpoint blockade therapy for non-small cell lung cancer

Immune checkpoint blockade therapy by targeting the programmed death protein 1/programmed death ligand 1 (PD-L1) axis using antibodies has yielded promising clinical responses in patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). However, owing to the dynamic expression of PD-L1, degree of mutational/neoantigen load, intratumoral heterogeneity, infiltrated immune cells of tumor ...

An analysis of the evaluation contexts in academic discourse

This paper develops a new framework to examine the use of ‘evaluation resources’ in research discourse. In previous studies of evaluative resources, two distinct, although interwoven, types of context have been identified: 1) the real world where evaluation resources are used to describe situations, and 2) the research world studying the real world, where they are used to engage ...

Systematic Review of Studies Examining Transtibial Prosthetic Socket Pressures with Changes in Device Alignment

Suitable lower-limb prosthetic sockets must provide an adequate distribution of the pressures created from standing and ambulation. A systematic search for articles reporting socket pressure changes in response to device alignment perturbation was carried out, identifying 11 studies. These were then evaluated using the American Academy of Orthotists and Prosthetists guidelines for ...

Pattern recognition of spectral entropy features for detection of alcoholic and control visual ERP’s in multichannel EEGs

This paper presents a novel ranking method to select spectral entropy (SE) features that discriminate alcoholic and control visual event-related potentials (ERP’S) in gamma sub-band (30–55 Hz) derived from a 64-channel electroencephalogram (EEG) recording. The ranking is based on a t test statistic that rejects the null hypothesis that the group means of SE values in alcoholics and ...