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Cognitive flexibility training intervention among children with autism: a longitudinal study

Autism is defined by persistent deficits in social communication and social interaction in multiple contexts as well as restricted and repetitive patterns of behavior. There are also reported difficulties in the dynamic activation and modification of cognitive processes in response to changes in tasks’ demands. Such difficulties are believed to be due to poor flexible cognition. ...

The Moral Justification Behind a Climate Tax on Beef in Denmark

This paper discusses the moral justification behind placing a tax on foods in correlation with their greenhouse gas emissions. The background is a report from 2016 by the Danish Council of Ethics promoting a national tax on the consumption of meat from ruminants as an initial step to curb the 19–29% of total anthropogenic greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions stemming from the food ...

Modified clays for barriers: a review

The aim of this Specialized Lecture is to present the recent advances and issues, as well as original research, on Modified Clays for Barriers. Topics of interest include: (1) long-term hydraulic performance of modified clays for GCLs, (2) chemico-osmotic and diffusion efficiency of modified clays, (3) modeling coupled chemical-hydraulic-mechanical behavior of modified clays, (4) ...

An efficient preparation of labelling precursor of [11C]L-deprenyl-D2 and automated radiosynthesis

Background The synthesis of [11C]L-deprenyl-D2 for imaging of astrocytosis with positron emission tomography (PET) in neurodegenerative diseases has been previously reported. [11C]L-deprenyl-D2 radiosynthesis requires a precursor, L-nordeprenyl-D2, which has been previously synthesized from L-amphetamine as starting material with low overall yields. Here, we present an efficient ...

Studying the Effects of Two Various Methods of Composting on the Degradation Levels of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons (PAHs) in Sewage Sludge

The research comprised of studying the effect composting sewage sludge with sawdust and vermicomposting with earthworm Eisenia fetida has on the degradation of 16 polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs). Raw rural sewage sludge prior composting was more contaminated with PAHs than urban sewage sludge, in both cases exceeding EU cutoff limits of 6 mg/kg established for land ...

Comparative Assessment of Response to Cadmium in Heavy Metal-Tolerant Shrubs Cultured In Vitro

Two species of Pb-adapted shrubs, Alyssum montanum and Daphne jasminea, were evaluated in vitro for their tolerance to elevated concentrations of cadmium. Shoot cultures were treated with 0.5, 2.5, and 5.0 μM CdCl2 for 16 weeks and analyzed for their organogenic response, biomass accretion, pigment content, and macronutrient status. Cadmium accumulation and its root-to-shoot ...

Particle rejuvenation of Rao-Blackwellized sequential Monte Carlo smoothers for conditionally linear and Gaussian models

This paper focuses on sequential Monte Carlo approximations of smoothing distributions in conditionally linear and Gaussian state spaces. To reduce Monte Carlo variance of smoothers, it is typical in these models to use Rao-Blackwellization: particle approximation is used to sample sequences of hidden regimes while the Gaussian states are explicitly integrated conditional on the ...

Measuring and Improving Physician Knowledge of Safety Risks Using Traditional and Online Methods in Pharmacovigilance

Background Traditional methods for assessing prescriber knowledge can take several years to deliver results. This study was undertaken to obtain insights into the potential for using existing online communities to educate prescribers on therapy-related safety risks. Objective The aim of this study was to describe approaches to measuring prescribers’ knowledge of safety risk ...

Pharmacokinetics of DFN-15, a Novel Oral Solution of Celecoxib, Versus Celecoxib 400-mg Capsules: A Randomized Crossover Study in Fasting Healthy Volunteers

Background COX-2 inhibitors can be effective for acute migraine, but none is supplied in a rapidly absorbed, ready-to-use oral liquid formulation. DFN-15, a novel oral liquid formulation of celecoxib, is being developed for the acute treatment of migraine with or without aura. Clinical studies with this formulation are ongoing. Objectives The objectives of the present study were to ...

Social capital dynamics and health in mid to later life: findings from Australia

Purpose The influence of social capital has been shown to improve health and wellbeing. This study investigates the relationship between changes in social capital and health outcomes during a 6-year follow-up in mid to later life in Australia. Methods Nationally representative data from the Household, Income and Labour Dynamics in Australia (HILDA) survey included participants aged ...

Robust transceiver design for reciprocal M × N interference channel based on statistical linearization approximation

This paper focuses on robust transceiver design for throughput enhancement on the interference channel (IC), under imperfect channel state information (CSI). In this paper, two algorithms are proposed to improve the throughput of the multi-input multi-output (MIMO) IC. Each transmitter and receiver has, respectively, M and N antennas and IC operates in a time division duplex mode. ...

iiHadoop: an asynchronous distributed framework for incremental iterative computations

It is true that data is never static; it keeps growing and changing over time. New data is added and old data can either be modified or deleted. This incremental nature of data motivates the development of new systems to perform large-scale data computations incrementally. MapReduce was recently introduced to provide an efficient approach for handling large-scale data computations. ...

Building indeterminacy modelling – the ‘ZCB Bamboo Pavilion’ as a case study on nonstandard construction from natural materials

If unprocessed natural materials are the most environmentally friendly construction materials available, how do we develop and communicate design model and construction information that allows dealing with their volatile indeterminacies? This paper discusses the design and development of the ‘ZCB Bamboo Pavilion’, a 30-metres-spanning, light-weight, bending-active gridshell from ...

Councils of the Judiciary and Judges’ Perceptions of Respect to Their Independence in Europe

Councils of the Judiciary have spread in Europe under the assumption that they contribute to a central aspect of the Rule of Law: the independence of courts and judges under their authority. However, a recent survey of the European Network of Councils of the Judiciary showed that, in some countries, there are significant groups of judges that perceive their Judicial Council as ...

Regulatory Rules for Security Requirements of Financial Information Systems: Attempt to Formalize

As a result of the economic growth and increasing technology usage, financial systems are becoming pervasive and automate customer processes and data. These systems, like other systems that are governed by law, are required to comply with governmental regulations. However, this requirement is not easy to implement because of the challenge that comes from domain-specific definitions ...

Identifying characteristics and outcomes that are associated with fall-related fatalities: multi-year retrospective summary of fall deaths in older adults from 2005–2012

Background Fall-related deaths continue to be the leading cause of accidental deaths in the older adult (65+ year) population. However, many fall-related fatalities are unspecified and little is known about the fall characteristics and personal demographics at the time of the fall. Therefore, this report describes the characteristics, circumstances and injuries of falls that ...

The Influence of the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights in Africa

Half a century ago, the United Nations General Assembly unanimously adopted two great covenants, the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR) and the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (ICESCR), which brought force of law to the rights declared in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. Both covenants have been widely ratified by ...

Method of Protection of Pedestrian Zones Against the Terrorist Attacks Made by Means of Cars Including Off-road Vehicles and Trucks

The terrorist attack made on July 14, 2016 (Nice, France) revealed a problem of protection of pedestrian zones against the terrorist attacks made by means of cars. The purpose of this research is to solve the problem of protection of pedestrian zones against the terrorist attacks made by means of cars (including off-road vehicles and trucks), as well as motorbikes. We have ...