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Children’s Perspectives on Their Learning in School Spaces: What Can We Learn from Children in Brazil and Finland?

In this study, we investigated children’s perceptions of their learning experiences in early childhood education and care using data from two different settings: Brazil and Finland. We adopted a qualitative and cross-national research design. Photographs were used to gather children’s representations of their learning places and spaces and also later to elicit reflections during...

Five microRNAs in serum as potential biomarkers for prostate cancer risk assessment and therapeutic intervention

BackgroundProstate cancer (PCa) is a common malignant human tumor and one of the main causes of cancer-related deaths in men. At present, prostate-specific antigen levels are widely used to diagnose PCa in the clinic, but they are not sufficient for an accurate early diagnosis or prognosis.MethodsTo identify potential molecular markers for PCa, we used real-time PCR to measure...

Outcome analyses of educational interventions: a case study of the Swedish “Boost of Technology” intervention

In Sweden, there have been multiple large scale interventions to support compulsory school teachers generally and within specific subjects. Due to the costs associated with such interventions it is critical that interim evaluation measures exist which can indicate potential success. Additionally, evaluation measures which can measure the actual impact of interventions relative to...

Sensorimotor expectations and the visual field

Sensorimotor expectations concern how visual experience covaries with bodily movement. Sensorimotor theorists argue from such expectations to the conclusion that the phenomenology of vision is constitutively embodied: objects within the visual field are experienced as 3-D because sensorimotor expectations partially constitute our experience of such objects. Critics argue that...

Boundary Representations of λ-Harmonic and Polyharmonic Functions on Trees

On a countable tree T, allowing vertices with infinite degree, we consider an arbitrary stochastic irreducible nearest neighbour transition operator P. We provide a boundary integral representation for general eigenfunctions of P with eigenvalue λ ∈ C. This is possible whenever λ is in the resolvent set of P as a self-adjoint operator on a suitable ℓ2-space and the diagonal...

Effect of jasmonic acid on cold-storage of Taraxacum pieninicum encapsulated shoot tips

Jasmonic acid is involved in plants response to various abiotic and biotic stresses. The aim of this study was to examine physiological response of Taraxacum pieninicum to JA-treatments during shoots micropropagation and during cold storage at 4 °C under reduced light or in the darkness. Obtained results indicated that JA during preculture reduced significantly growth of shoots...

Effect of Wage, Inflation and Exchange Rate on the Investment Policy in Sidoarjo District, Indonesia

The purpose of this study is to know and analyze the effect of wage variables on regional investment policy, the influence of inflation variables on regional investment policy, and the influence of exchange rate variables on investment policy of the Region on Labor. In this study, the population taken is the entire workforce whose data comes from the Central Bureau of Statistics...

P2Y2 and P2Y6 receptor activation elicits intracellular calcium responses in human adipose-derived mesenchymal stromal cells

Adipose tissue contains self-renewing multipotent cells termed mesenchymal stromal cells. In situ, these cells serve to expand adipose tissue by adipogenesis, but their multipotency has gained interest for use in tissue regeneration. Little is known regarding the repertoire of receptors expressed by adipose-derived mesenchymal stromal cells (AD-MSCs). The purpose of this study...

Action models in inquisitive logic

Information exchange can be viewed as a process of asking questions and answering them. While dynamic epistemic logic traditionally focuses on statements, recent developments have been concerned with ways of incorporating questions. One approach, based on the framework of inquisitive semantics, is inquisitive dynamic epistemic logic (\(\textsf {IDEL}\)). In this system, agents...

Horizontal Shear Behaviors of Normal Weight and Lightweight Concrete Composite T-Beams

This paper presents the results of recent research on the interface shear behavior of normal weight and lightweight concrete composite T-beams. In the experimental program 12 beams and necessary control cylinders were tested to provide experimental cases with the variables of interface preparation, clamping stress and lightweight slab concrete strength. Compared with 7 equations...

A review of coastal management approaches to support the integration of ecological and human community planning for climate change

The resilience of socio-ecological systems to sea level rise, storms and flooding can be enhanced when coastal habitats are used as natural infrastructure. Grey infrastructure has long been used for coastal flood protection but can lead to unintended negative impacts. Natural infrastructure often provides similar services as well as added benefits that support short- and long...

Patient Representation and Advocacy for Alzheimer Disease in Germany and Israel

This paper analyses self-declared aims and representation of dementia patient organizations and advocacy groups (POs) in relation to two recent upheavals: the critique of social stigmatization and biomedical research focusing on prediction. Based on twenty-six semi-structured interviews conducted in 2016–2017 with members, service recipients, and board representatives of POs in...

Bullying and its association with altruism toward victims, blaming the victims, and classroom prevalence of bystander behaviors: a multilevel analysis

With reference to social-ecological, self-determination, attributional, and social cognitive theories, the current study examined whether gender, age, altruistic motivation to defend victims, and tendency to blame the victims, at the individual level, and the prevalence of reinforcing and defending, at the classroom level, were associated with bullying. A sample of 901 Swedish...

40 years of cognitive architectures: core cognitive abilities and practical applications

In this paper we present a broad overview of the last 40 years of research on cognitive architectures. To date, the number of existing architectures has reached several hundred, but most of the existing surveys do not reflect this growth and instead focus on a handful of well-established architectures. In this survey we aim to provide a more inclusive and high-level overview of...

Geometry of motion and nutation stability of free axisymmetric variable mass systems

In classical mechanics, the ‘geometry of motion’ refers to a development to visualize the motion of freely spinning bodies. In this paper, such an approach of studying the rotational motion of axisymmetric variable mass systems is developed. An analytic solution to the second Euler angle characterizing nutation naturally falls out of this method, without explicitly solving the...