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Analysis of Undesirable Sequelae of Sentinel Node Surgery in Breast Cancer Patients – a Prospective Cohort Study

Use of sentinel lymph node biopsy limits the frequency and severity of sequelae of surgical treatment. However, the procedure itself may not be completely free of complications. The goal of this work was to analyze prospectively the occurrence of undesirable sequelae in patients undergoing sentinel lymph node biopsy as an isolated intervention in the axillary fossa. This ...

Diet has independent effects on the pace and shape of aging in Drosophila melanogaster

Studies examining how diet affects mortality risk over age typically characterise mortality using parameters such as aging rates, which condense how much and how quickly the risk of dying changes over time into a single measure. Demographers have suggested that decoupling the tempo and the magnitude of changing mortality risk may facilitate comparative analyses of mortality ...

Properties and fibre characterisation of bleached hemp, birch and pine pulps: a comparison

The papermaking potential of bleached kraft pulps made from hemp stalks, hemp woody-core and hemp bast fibres was studied and compared with that of bleached birch pulp and pine kraft pulp. It has been shown that among the pulps from these raw materials, hemp stalk pulp has the most useful properties for papermaking. The disadvantages of hemp woody-core pulp and hemp bast fibre pulp ...

New Insights on Mt. Etna’s Crust and Relationship with the Regional Tectonic Framework from Joint Active and Passive P-Wave Seismic Tomography

In the Central Mediterranean region, the production of chemically diverse volcanic products (e.g., those from Mt. Etna and the Aeolian Islands archipelago) testifies to the complexity of the tectonic and geodynamic setting. Despite the large number of studies that have focused on this area, the relationships among volcanism, tectonics, magma ascent, and geodynamic processes remain ...

Post-harvest management and post-harvest losses of cereals in Ethiopia

Recent and systematic evidence on the magnitude of post-harvest losses in sub-Saharan Africa is scarce, hindering the identification of interventions to reduce losses. Here, we unlock standardized and systematically collected information on post-harvest management and farmer-reported post-harvest loss estimates from the Living Standards Measurement Study – Integrated Surveys in ...

European Atlas of the Seas: “a picture is worth a thousand words”

The European Atlas of the Seas offers a snapshot of environmental and socio-economic features that characterize the coastal and marine environment. The latest release (Version 4) addresses the public in general, but also non-specialist experts involved with environmental issues, human activities or policies related to Europe’s coasts and seas. The information content of the Atlas ...

No Interpretation of Probability

I argue that none of the usual interpretations of probability provide an adequate interpretation of probabilistic theories in science. Assuming that the aim of such theories is to capture noisy relationships in the world, I suggest that we do not have to give them classical truth-conditional content at all: their probabilities can remain uninterpreted. Indirectly, this account ...

Encompassing ATP, DNA, insulin, and protein content for quantification and assessment of human pancreatic islets

Islet transplantation has made major progress to treat patients with type 1 diabetes. Islet mass and quality are critically important to ensure successful transplantation. Currently, islet status is evaluated using insulin secretion, oxygen consumption rate, or adenosine triphosphate (ATP) measurement. These parameters are evaluated independently and do not effectively predict ...

Simulations of a heavy ball falling through a sheared suspension

In recent experiments, Blanc et al. (J Fluid Mech 746:R4, 2014) dropped a heavy sphere through a concentrated suspension of smaller, neutrally buoyant particles. They found that the application of a lateral oscillatory shear flow caused the heavy ball to fall faster on average, and that for highly concentrated suspensions, at certain moments of the cycle of shear oscillation, the ...

Dynamics and stability of three-dimensional ferrofluid films in a magnetic field

We consider the interfacial dynamics of a thin, ferrofluid film flowing down an inclined substrate, under the action of a magnetic field, bounded above by an inviscid gas. The fluid is assumed to be weakly conducting, and its dynamics are governed by a coupled system of the steady Maxwell, Navier–Stokes, and continuity equations. The magnetization of the film is a function of the ...

Variational modelling of wave–structure interactions with an offshore wind-turbine mast

We consider the development of a mathematical model of water waves interacting with the mast of an offshore wind turbine. A variational approach is used for which the starting point is an action functional describing a dual system comprising a potential-flow fluid, a solid structure modelled with nonlinear elasticity, and the coupling between them. We develop a linearized model of ...

Intellectual autonomy, epistemic dependence and cognitive enhancement

Intellectual autonomy has long been identified as an epistemic virtue, one that has been championed influentially by (among others) Kant, Hume and Emerson. Manifesting intellectual autonomy, at least, in a virtuous way, does not require that we form our beliefs in cognitive isolation. Rather, as Roberts and Wood (Intellectual virtues: an essay in regulative epistemology, OUP ...

From Fear to Anxiety: An Exploration into a New Socio-Political Temporality

Modern political reality is increasingly permeated with testimonies and representations of social and personal anxieties. Most often these narratives are accompanied with a desire to identify and implement a ‘cure’ that will either heal or eradicate the source of discomfort. In the political everyday such a ‘cure’ is disguised as a policy or a new law. Thus it comes as a little ...

Student Teachers’ Workplace-Based Learning in Sweden on Early Childhood Education for Sustainability: Experiences in Practice Settings

Workplace-based learning experiences are integral to early childhood teacher education. In Sweden, the objectives of early childhood teacher education programmes require students to develop knowledge and skills about education for sustainability (EfS), in accordance with national policy documents. This includes how to work with EfS in everyday practice. The aim of this qualitative ...

Isolation and characterization of Erwinia piriflorinigrans causal agent flower necrosis of red poppy

In 2016, necrosis symptoms was observed on stem and flower of red poppy (Papaver rhoeas) in Hamadan province of Iran. Symptomatic samples were collected and suspicious bacterial agent was isolated on nutrient agar medium. The phenotypic features of the bacterial strains were characterized and some molecular traits were examined. The bacterial strains phenotypically showed a high ...

Deriving the Constant Rate Effect

The Constant Rate Hypothesis (Kroch 1989) states that when grammar competition leads to language change, the rate of replacement is the same in all contexts affected by the change (the Constant Rate Effect, or CRE). Despite nearly three decades of empirical work into this hypothesis, the theoretical foundations of the CRE remain problematic: it can be shown that the standard way of ...

Estimating renal function in old people: an in-depth review

Estimates of glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) should provide accurate measure of an individual’s kidney function because important clinical decisions such as timing of renal replacement therapy and drug dosing may be dependent on eGFR. Formulae from which eGFR is derived are generally based on serum creatinine measurement, such as Cockcroft–Gault, MDRD and CKD-EPI. More recently, ...

Does Intergenerational Educational Mobility Shape the Well-Being of Young Europeans? Evidence from the European Social Survey

Using pooled European Social Survey data (Rounds 4–7, 2008–2014), we investigate the relationship between intergenerational educational mobility and subjective well-being (SWB) for young Europeans (N = 16,050 individuals aged 25–34 from 18 countries). Previous research has been struggling with inconclusive results due to the methodological challenge of disentangling the independent ...