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Evidence That the Length of Bile Loop Determines Serum Bile Acid Concentration and Glycemic Control After Bariatric Surgery

BackgroundBariatric surgery contributes to the improvement in glucose metabolism that may be related to a postoperative increase in serum bile acids (BAs). Three commonly used types of bariatric procedures, laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) (without creation of a bile loop), Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB), and omega-loop gastric bypass (OLGB) (with creation of shorter 100...

Implicit Measures of Actual Versus Ideal Body Image: Relations with Self-Reported Body Dissatisfaction and Dieting Behaviors

Body dissatisfaction refers to a negative appreciation of one’s own body stemming from a discrepancy between how one perceives his/her body (actual body image) and how he/she wants it to be (ideal body image). To circumvent the limitations of self-report measures of body image, measures were developed that allow for a distinction between actual and ideal body image at the...

On the Influence of Nb/Ti Ratio on Environmentally-Assisted Crack Growth in High-Strength Nickel-Based Superalloys

The effect of Nb/Ti ratio on environmentally-assisted crack growth of three prototype Ni-based superalloys is studied. For these alloys, the yield strength is unaltered with increasing Nb/Ti ratio due to an increase in grain size. This situation has allowed the rationalization of the factors influencing damage tolerance at 700 °C. Primary intergranular cracks have been...

Optically Active Plasmonic Metasurfaces based on the Hybridization of In-Plane Coupling and Out-of-Plane Coupling

Plasmonic metasurfaces have attracted much attention in recent years owing to many promising prospects of applications such as polarization switching, local electric field enhancement (FE), near-perfect absorption, sensing, slow-light devices, and nanoantennas. However, many problems in these applications, like only gigahertz switching speeds of electro-optical switches, low...

New Avenues for Nanoparticle-Related Therapies

Development of nanoparticle-based drug delivery systems has been attempted for the treatment of cancer over the past decade. The enhanced permeability and retention (EPR) effect is the major mechanism to passively deliver nanodrugs to tumor tissue. However, a recent systematic review demonstrated limited success of these studies, with the clearance of nanoparticles by the...

Low-Temperature Reduction of Graphene Oxide: Electrical Conductance and Scanning Kelvin Probe Force Microscopy

Graphene oxide (GO) films were formed by drop-casting method and were studied by FTIR spectroscopy, micro-Raman spectroscopy (mRS), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), four-points probe method, atomic force microscopy (AFM), and scanning Kelvin probe force (SKPFM) microscopy after low-temperature annealing at ambient conditions. It was shown that in temperature range from 50...

Healthcare at the Crossroads: The Need to Shape an Organizational Culture of Humanistic Teaching and Practice

BackgroundChanges in the organization of medical practice have impeded humanistic practice and resulted in widespread physician burnout and dissatisfaction.ObjectiveTo identify organizational factors that promote or inhibit humanistic practice of medicine by faculty physicians.DesignFrom January 1, 2015, through December 31, 2016, faculty from eight US medical schools were asked...

Predicting user demographics from music listening information

Online activities such as social networking, online shopping, and consuming multi-media create digital traces, which are often analyzed and used to improve user experience and increase revenue, e. g., through better-fitting recommendations and more targeted marketing. Analyses of digital traces typically aim to find user traits such as age, gender, and nationality to derive...

A Stable Domain Decomposition Technique for Advection–Diffusion Problems

The use of implicit methods for numerical time integration typically generates very large systems of equations, often too large to fit in memory. To address this it is necessary to investigate ways to reduce the sizes of the involved linear systems. We describe a domain decomposition approach for the advection–diffusion equation, based on the Summation-by-Parts technique in both...

The Association Between Acute Pain and Posttraumatic Stress Symptoms in Children and Adolescents 3 Months After Accidental Injury

Previous research suggests that acute pain is a risk factor for later posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS). In a prospective cohort study, we examined the association between acute pain from accidental injury and PTSS in children and adolescents, taking into account factors potentially related to pain or posttraumatic stress. Participants were 135 children and adolescents, 8–18...

Losses Disguised as Wins Affect Game Selection on Multiline Slots

Multiline slots are exciting games that contain features which make them alluring. One such feature is a loss disguised as a win (LDW); wherein, players win less than they wager (e.g., bet 2 dollars, win back 50 cents), but this net loss is disguised by flashing graphics and winning sounds. Research to date concludes that LDWs are both rewarding and reinforcing. Here, we...

Agronomic Performance and Lignin Content of HCT Down-Regulated Alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.)

Lignin is a cell wall polymer that reduces the enzymatic digestibility and conversion efficiency of lignocellulosic biomass to ethanol. Down-regulation of the hydroxycinnamoyl CoA: shikimate hydroxycinnamoyl transferase (HCT) gene reduces lignin content in alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.). The objective of this study was to evaluate HCT down-regulated alfalfa plants for their forage...

Analysis of Acoustic Emission Propagation in Metal-to-Metal Adhesively Bonded Joints

Acoustic emission (AE) monitoring shows promise as one of the most effective methods for condition monitoring of adhesively-bonded joints. Previous research has demonstrated its ability to detect, locate and classify adhesive joint failure, though in these studies little attention appears to have been paid to the differences in AE wave propagation through the bonded and un-bonded...

Successful Use of Advertisement Pictures to Assist Recall in a Food-Borne Hepatitis A Outbreak in The Netherlands, 2017

This study describes an outbreak investigation of 14 hepatitis A cases in the Netherlands. The hepatitis A virus (HAV) genotype IB sequences in cases were highly similar (459/460 nt). The origin of strains could be narrowed to Bulgaria based on information from EPIS-FWD. As an association with consumption of soft fruit was suspected, a case–control study was initiated using a...

Development of a Novel Large Animal Model to Evaluate Human Dental Pulp Stem Cells for Articular Cartilage Treatment

PurposeChondral lesion is a pathology with high prevalence, reaching as much as 63% of general population and 36% among athletes. The ability of human Dental Pulp Stem Cells (DPSCs) to differentiate into chondroblasts in vitro suggests that this stem cell type may be useful for tissue bioengineering. However, we have yet to identify a study of large animal models in which DPSCs...