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A note on life-history traits and conservation concerns for viviparous Australian seastars (Parvulastra parvivipara and P. vivipara)

The asterinid seastars Parvulastra parvivipara and P. vivipara share atypical viviparous reproductive modes that have made them of interest for research on life-history evolution and population genetics. This article briefly reviews life-history traits of these endemic Australian species and information on distribution and rarity, as well as providing some additional new analysis...

Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation in aluminum phosphide poisoning in Nepal: a case report

Aluminum phosphide is a very common suicide agent in developing countries like Nepal. Due to the unavailability of a specific antidote, mortality is very high because the phosphine molecule that is formed leads to inhibition of the cytochrome oxidase enzyme system in mitochondria. Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation provides life-saving support to the cardiovascular and...

Dynamical modelling of neoclassical tearing mode suppression by ECCD

The rotation of a magnetic island through the EC power deposition region in combination with a finite collisional time scale on which the EC power is converted into current are shown to affect the NTM stabilization by ECCD. In particular, the stabilizing term from localized ECCD in the generalized Rutherford equation oscillates at the island rotation frequency. As a consequence...

Initiale Diagnostik und Indikationsstellung zur Anti-Vascular-Endothelial Growth-Factor-Therapie bei Netzhauterkrankungen

BackgroundThe ORCA module of the non-interventional OCEAN study investigated the use of retinal imaging diagnostics in the clinical treatment of patients undergoing vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) inhibitor treatment as part of routine clinical care. This article analyzes the agreement between the diagnosis documented by the treating ophthalmologist and the evaluation...

In-situ characterization of spurious modes in HE11 transmission lines with a 5-port coupler

Real-time in-situ measurement of spurious modes in HE11 transmission lines is becoming an important topic for the design of next-generation ECRH installations (e.g. ITER), because the acceptable tolerances for the alignment of the waveguides and coupling optics are small for oversized waveguides. Also, the effects of spurious modes (ohmic heating, wrong beam parameters at the...

Phase 1 Parkinson’s Disease Studies Show the Dopamine D1/D5 Agonist PF-06649751 is Safe and Well Tolerated

IntroductionThere is a need for new therapies in Parkinson’s disease that may help to address known limitations of current options. PF-06649751 is a novel, highly selective dopamine D1/D5 agonist targeted for Parkinson’s disease treatment.MethodsThe safety, pharmacokinetics, and pharmacodynamics of PF-06649751 were assessed in single ascending dose and multiple ascending dose...

Feasibility study on fixed flight-path angle descent for wide-body passenger aircraft

This study proposes the use of fixed flight-path angle (FPA) descent as a potential alternative for eco-friendly air traffic operations. Additionally, given that the proposed descent procedure follows a fixed, assigned flight-path angle, with the aircraft continuously descending toward the runway threshold with near-idle thrust, the trajectory should be more predictable for air...

Hard photons in hadroproduction of top quarks with realistic final states

Abstract We present a complete description of top quark pair production in association with a hard photon in the dilepton channel. Our calculation is accurate to NLO in QCD. It is based on matrix elements for \( {e}^{+}{\nu}_e{\mu}^{-}{\overline{\nu}}_{\mu }b\overline{b}\upgamma \) production and includes all resonant and non-resonant diagrams, interferences, and off-shell...

The genus Acacia as invader: the characteristic case of Acacia dealbata Link in Europe

• We review current knowledge about the biology of the genus Acacia, and Acacia dealbata Link (silver wattle) in particular, as an invader in Europe, focusing on (i) the biology of the genus Acacia; (ii) biological attributes that are important for the invasiveness of the genus and A. dealbata; (iii) possible hypotheses for the invasion success; and (iv) control methods.• Several...

Nonlocal evolution inclusions under weak conditions

We study evolution inclusions given by multivalued perturbations of m-dissipative operators with nonlocal initial conditions. We prove the existence of solutions. The commonly used Lipschitz hypothesis for the perturbations is weakened to one-sided Lipschitz ones. We prove an existence result for the multipoint problems that cover periodic and antiperiodic cases. We give examples...

Le TDAH chez les enfants et les adolescents, partie 1 : l’étiologie, le diagnostic et la comorbidité

Le trouble de déficit de l’attention/hyperactivité (TDAH) est un trouble neurodéveloppemental chronique. La Société canadienne de pédiatrie a préparé trois documents de principes après avoir effectué des analyses bibliographiques systématiques. Leurs objectifs s’établissent comme suit :

Role of myeloid regulatory cells (MRCs) in maintaining tissue homeostasis and promoting tolerance in autoimmunity, inflammatory disease and transplantation

Myeloid cells play a pivotal role in regulating innate and adaptive immune responses. In inflammation, autoimmunity, and after transplantation, myeloid cells have contrasting roles: on the one hand they initiate the immune response, promoting activation and expansion of effector T-cells, and on the other, they counter-regulate inflammation, maintain tissue homeostasis, and...

Students’ and supervisors’ knowledge and attitudes regarding plagiarism and referencing

BackgroundReferencing is an integral part of scientific writing and professional research conduct that requires appropriate acknowledgement of others’ work and avoidance of plagiarism. University students should understand and apply this as part of their academic development, but for this, it is essential that supervisors also display proper research integrity and support...

ILFCS: an intelligent learning fuzzy-based channel selection framework for cognitive radio networks

Cognitive radio networks (CRNs) have been introduced as a promising solution to optimize the use of available radio-frequency spectrum. The key idea in CRNs is the proper selection of available sensed channels. In this paper, an intelligent distributed channel selection strategy is proposed for cognitive radio ad-hoc networks aiming to assist them in selecting the best channel...

Airway management in pre-hospital critical care: a review of the evidence for a ‘top five’ research priority

The conduct and benefit of pre-hospital advanced airway management and pre-hospital emergency anaesthesia have been widely debated for many years. In 2011, prehospital advanced airway management was identified as a ‘top five’ in physician-provided pre-hospital critical care. This article summarises the evidence for and against this intervention since 2011 and attempts to address...

Genotoxic and epigenotoxic effects in mice exposed to concentrated ambient fine particulate matter (PM 2.5 ) from São Paulo city, Brazil

The Metropolitan Area of São Paulo has a unique composition of atmospheric pollutants, and positive correlations between exposure and the risk of diseases and mortality have been observed. Here we assessed the effects of ambient fine particulate matter (PM2.5) on genotoxic and global DNA methylation and hydroxymethylation changes, as well as the activities of antioxidant enzymes...