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Self-contamination during doffing of personal protective equipment by healthcare workers to prevent Ebola transmission

Healthcare workers (HCWs) use personal protective equipment (PPE) in Ebola virus disease (EVD) situations. However, preventing the contamination of HCWs and the environment during PPE removal crucially requires improved strategies. This study aimed to compare the efficacy of three PPE ensembles, namely, Hospital Authority (HA) Standard Ebola PPE set (PPE1), Dupont Tyvek Model...

Overexpression of lncRNA PTENP1 suppresses glioma cell proliferation and metastasis in vitro

Overexpression of lncRNA PTENP1 suppresses glioma cell proliferation and metastasis in vitro Su Hu,1,* Li Xu,1,2,* Lihua Li,1 Dongdong Luo,1 Hailin Zhao,1 Dan Li,1 Biao Peng1 1Department of Neurosurgery, The Affiliated Cancer Hospital & Institute of Guangzhou Medical University, Guangzhou 510095, Guangdong, People’s Republic of China; 2Department of Neurosurgery, The Central...

Networking architectures and protocols for smart city systems

The smart city model is used by many organizations for large cities around the world to significantly enhance and improve the quality of life of the inhabitants, improve the utilization of city resources, and reduce operational costs. This model includes various heterogeneous technologies such as Cyber-Physical Systems (CPS), Internet of Things (IoT), Wireless Sensor Networks...

Epigenetics of chronic inflammatory diseases

Epigenetics of chronic inflammatory diseases Eleni Stylianou Consultant Biomedical Scientist and Bioinformaticist, North Royalton, OH, USA Abstract: Chronic, noncommunicable, and inflammation-associated diseases remain the largest cause of morbidity and mortality globally and within the United States. This is mainly due to our limited understanding of the molecular mechanisms...

Dosimetric evaluation of the compass program for patient dose analysis in IMRT delivery quality assurance

A practical method was designed to verify the accuracy of dose distributions calculated using Compass, which can reconstruct the dose distribution inside a patient’s body during intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT). Twelve virtual IMRT treatment plans were developed using an ArcCHECK diode detector array, and then the recalculated and reconstructed doses in Compass were...

Peru since Independence, a Tortured History

This essay reviews the following works: The Lima Reader: History, Culture, Politics. Edited by Carlos Aguirre and Charles Walker. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 2017, Pp. xv + 272. $26.95 paperback. ISBN: 9780822363484. Perú. 5 tomos. America Latina en la historia contemporánea. Dirigido por Carlos Contreras Carranza. Madrid: Fundación MAPFRE, 2013–2015. Tomo 1, Crisis...

Efficacy of neoadjuvant platinum-based chemotherapy during the second and third trimester of pregnancy in women with cervical cancer: an updated systematic review and meta-analysis

Efficacy of neoadjuvant platinum-based chemotherapy during the second and third trimester of pregnancy in women with cervical cancer: an updated systematic review and meta-analysis Yizuo Song, Yi Liu, Min Lin, Bo Sheng, Xueqiong Zhu Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, The Second Affiliated Hospital of Wenzhou Medical University, Wenzhou 325027, China Purpose: To evaluate the...

Dual-phase [18F]florbetapir in frontotemporal dementia

PurposeThe PET tracer [18F]florbetapir is a specific fibrillar amyloid-beta (Aβ) biomarker. During the late scan phase (> 40 min), it provides pathological information about Aβ status. Early scan phase (0–10 min) can provide FDG-‘like’ information. The current investigation tested the feasibility of using florbetapir as a dual-phase biomarker in behavioural variant frontotemporal...

Optimized vinpocetine-loaded vitamin E D-α-tocopherol polyethylene glycol 1000 succinate-alpha lipoic acid micelles as a potential transdermal drug delivery system: in vitro and ex vivo studies

Optimized vinpocetine-loaded vitamin E D-alpha-tocopherol polyethylene glycol 1000 succinate-alpha lipoic acid micelles as a potential transdermal drug delivery system: in vitro and ex vivo studies Osama AA Ahmed,1,2 Khalid M El-Say,1,3 Bader M Aljaeid,1 Shaimaa M Badr-Eldin,1,4 Tarek A Ahmed1,3 1Department of Pharmaceutics, Faculty of Pharmacy, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah...

The etiology, evaluation, and management of plantar fibromatosis

The etiology, evaluation, and management of plantar fibromatosis Joseph R Young, Sarah Sternbach, Max Willinger, Ian D Hutchinson, Andrew J Rosenbaum Albany Medical College Division of Orthopaedic Surgery, Albany, NY, USA Abstract: Plantar fibromatosis (Ledderhose disease) is a rare, benign, hyperproliferative fibrous tissue disorder resulting in the formation of nodules along...

Radiations and female fertility

Hundreds of thousands of young women are diagnosed with cancer each year, and due to recent advances in screening programs, diagnostic methods and treatment options, survival rates have significantly improved. Radiation therapy plays an important role in cancer treatment and in some cases it constitutes the first therapy proposed to the patient. However, ionizing radiations have...

Effect of Levothyroxine Treatment on Incident Dementia in Adults with Atrial Fibrillation and Hypothyroidism

Background and ObjectiveThe possible adverse or positive effects of levothyroxine treatment among patients with atrial fibrillation have been debated. Atrial fibrillation, levothyroxine treatment, and dementia are common among older adults, yet little is known about the effects of levothyroxine on the development of dementia.MethodsThe study population included all adults (n = 12...

Endoscopic submucosal dissection followed by chemoradiotherapy for superficial esophageal cancer: choice of new approach

The standard treatment for superficial esophageal cancer (SEC) involving muscularis mucosal (T1a-MM) or submucosal (T1b) invasion has been the surgical resection of the esophagus. However, esophagectomy with extended lymph node dissection is highly invasive. Recent reports have shown that endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) followed by chemoradiotherapy (CRT) has promising...

A survey of basal insects (Microcoryphia and Zygentoma) from subterranean environments of Iran, with description of three new species

A survey of wingless insects belonging to the orders Microcoryphia (=Archaeognatha) and Zygentoma (=Thysanura s. str.) has been performed in subterranean habitats of central Iran. As a result, several new species have been discovered. In this work, three new species are described: a new species of bristletail of the family Machilidae, Haslundiella iranica sp. n., a new silverfish...

Seismic safety evaluation during site selection for the nuclear power plants in Bangladesh

Bangladesh lies in a tectonically active zone. Earlier geological studies show that Bangladesh and its adjoining areas are exposed to a threat of severe earthquakes. Earthquakes may have disastrous consequences for a densely populated country. This dictates the need for a detailed analysis of the situation prior to the construction of nuclear power plant as required by the IAEA...

Examination of in-cloud sulfate chemistry using a different model initialization

We first examine characteristics of in-cloud sulfate chemistry of a mid-latitude convective cloud using a different model initialization. Specifically, we studied the relative importance of convection on sulfate aerosol transport and redistribution. The analysis is focused on 4 April 2000, when considerable dust transport is evidenced with high concentration and wet deposition of...

Education Reform and Detroit’s Right to Literacy Litigation

Ongoing education reform litigation arising out of Detroit, Michigan presents an innovative claim: Children have an unenumerated federal constitutional right of access to literacy. On June 29, 2018, the district court granted defendants’ motion to dismiss. The case is now on appeal to the Sixth Circuit and is expected to be argued in the first half of 2019. This litigation has...