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Ethics and Artificial Intelligence: Suicide Prevention on Facebook

devoted to the use of ArtificiaI Intelligence (AI) and Machine Learning (ML) to detect posts or live videos where someone might be expressing thoughts of suicide. Section 3 will elaborate on the ethical ... reading tips about things they can do in that moment. Facebook also recently released suicide prevention support on Facebook Live59 and introduced Artificial Intelligence to detect suicidal posts60 even

Ethical considerations of artificial insemination

", about ethical problems in scientific papers, I started to think one more time of another ethical issue in medicine: artificial insemination (1). Artificial insemination (AI) is the most simple and ... argument against AI of single women is the welfare of the child, who has the right to fit into a comprehensive family relationship (with a mother and a father). Regarding the artificial insemination donor

Artificial intelligence: looking though the Pygmalion Lens

the already current conditions of conflict, vulnerability, and instability arising from globalization. In the pursuit of a new paradigm of artificial intelligence for common good, we need to reflect on ... Intelligence, gives us a deep insight into the evolution of AI narratives. He says that there has been a long tradition of philosophical thought about artificial intelligence that has pushed us into thinking

Artificial Intelligence: Myths and Realities

Artificial intelligence the name conjures images of mechanical monsters, the Golem, Dr. Frankenstein’s creation and the rebellious computer Hal. We have always been fascinated by the possibility of ... , that has been so successfully exploited by writers. It is also, in part, this fascination that has recently brought the field of Artificial Intelligence (AI) into public view. Some recent developments

Artificial Intelligence and the Future of the Drug Safety Professional

such as artificial intelligence (AI) at scale. AI in the field of pharmacovigilance will possibly result in the transformation of the drug safety (DS) professional’s daily work life and their career ... healthcare and qualified professionals are required to capture and evaluate the data. To address the evolving landscape, it will be necessary to embrace assistive technologies such as artificial intelligence

Robotics and the Lessons of Cyberlaw

public and private institutions that developed the Internet, from the armed forces to search engines, have initiated a significant shift toward developing robotics and artificial intelligence. This Article ... artificial intelligence. This Article is the first to examine what the introduction of a new, equally transformative technology means for cyberlaw and policy. Robotics has a different set of essential

Artificial Intelligence (AI) Studies in Water Resources

Artificial intelligence has been extensively used in many areas such as computer science, robotics, engineering, medicine, translation, economics, business, and psychology. Various studies in the ... . Various studies in the literature show that the artificial intelligence in modeling approaches give close results to the real data for solution of linear, non-linear, and other systems. In this study, we

Liability Issues with Artificial Intelligence Software

. Consolidated Edison Co., 397 N.Y.S.2d 577, 580 (N.Y. Civ. Ct. 1977). 2. Id. 3. Cariad Hayes, Artificial Intelligence: The Future'sGetting Closer, AM. LAW., Nov. 1988, at 115. Hayes points out that certain ... "software programs . . .in their complexity . . . imitate certain processes of the human brain." Id. 4. Artificial intelligence is a general term used to describe that aspect of computer science "concerned

Artificial Intelligence, Zygotes, and Free Will

that humanity has been striving for is the creation of artificial intelligence (AI). AI, according to the Association for the Advancement of Artificial Intelligence, is "the scientific understanding of ... Overview: Broaddiscussions of Artificial Intelligence.” Accessed December 1, 2014. 2 We can consider programming to be the both theological and causal

An Artificial Intelligence Approach to International Market Screening DSS

This paper applies artificial intelligence (AI) computing, Kohonan Self-Organizing Maps (SOMs), to the problem of international market selection (IMS). Broadly speaking, IMS can be summarized to ... be used by small, high-tech firms, that includes, among other things web site hit analysis. Dikmen and Birgonul (2004) provide the first use of artificial intelligence computing for as a DSS for

Partial replacement of artificial diets by wet bioflocs biomass in Nile tilapia culture tanks

work aimed to assess the partial replacement of artificial diets by wet bioflocs biomass in the culture of Nile tilapia juveniles. Fish were fed on different combinations of commercial dry diets (CD) and ... water. There were no significant differences between the treatments for water pH, O2, TAN and NH3. Except by 25% CD, nitrite concentrations in water were lower in bioflocs tanks than in the artificial

An artificial intelligence approach to goal programming goal structure development using AHP

: Part of the Management Information Systems Commons Recommended Citation - Article 3 Iyengar and Srivatsava: An artificial intelligence approach to goal ... values are needed from the decision maker to formulate this constraint. Constraint generated by the expert system: xl -I- x2 -I- x3 + x4 <= 200 Iyengar and Srivatsava: An artificial intelligence

Book Review [An Artificial Intelligence Approach to Legal Reasoning]

to Legal Reasoning] , 4 Santa Clara High Tech. L.J. 133 (1988). Available at: - AN ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE APPROACH TO LEGAL REASONING Author: Anne von der Lieth Gardner Publisher: The MIT Press ... , Cambridge, Massachusetts ISBN #: 0-262-07104-5 Mention the words "Artificial Intelligence" to the practicing lawyer and the response you may well hear is "Don't tell me that a machine can do what I do!" In a

Interactive machine learning: experimental evidence for the human in the algorithmic loop

problems. In this paper we provide new experimental insights on how we can improve computational intelligence by complementing it with human intelligence in an interactive machine learning approach (iML ... intelligence and interaction skills and the computational power of an artificial system. The ACO framework is used on a case study solving the Traveling Salesman Problem, because of its many practical

Response of the grass-cutting ant Atta capiguara Gonçalves, 1944 (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) to sugars and artificial sweeteners

to identify attractive substances, with potential for incorporation in a matrix of granulated baits for grass-cutting ants, among several kinds of sugars and substances used in artificial sweeteners ... ) were observed relatively to the control (distilled water). No effects were detected for solution, concentration and for the interaction of these factors. Sugars and artificial sweeteners studied were not

Neural networks: The natural road to artificial iiitelligence

Despite the many advances of artificial intelligence (Al) technology, most notably in the area of expert systems, efforts to build intelligent systems that would approach the commonsense reasoning ... Japan's announcement of the Sixth Generation project has marked the beginning of a new era. V^ile the Japanese Fifth Generation project concentrated on artificial intelligence, the Sixth Generation

Impact of Data Presentation on Physician Performance Utilizing Artificial Intelligence-Based Computer-Aided Diagnosis and Decision Support Systems

. KeywordsBreast cancer Machine learning Artificial intelligence Clinical workflow Computer-aided diagnosis (CAD) Decision support  Introduction Excluding skin cancer, breast cancer has the highest incidence ... introduction of machine learning-based artificial intelligence (AI) systems. While these systems have been utilized in the past for mammography, their benefits have been recently called into question [4

How artificial intelligence is changing drug discovery

has signed a deal to use UK start-up Exscientia’s artificial-intelligence (AI) platform to hunt for metabolic-disease therapies, and Roche subsidiary Genentech is using an AI system from GNS Healthcare ... , in particular, need to get to grips with what AI can do and how best to acquire the skills they need to be employable in the job market of tomorrow.When the time comes for the history of artificial

Humanitarian Demining and Robotics

described in, may be considered as promising roboticized solutions. Natural biosensors and artificial biosensors, able to smell, constitute a second hope to