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Idiopathic subglottic stenosis: an epidemiological single-center study

A retrospective epidemiological study of patients treated for idiopathic subglottic stenosis (ISS) during 2003–2013 at Oslo University Hospital, Rikshospitalet, was undertaken to assess its incidence ... applied twice for one minute per application, but during the early part of the study period, an intralesional corticosteroid injection was given instead. Dilatation was then carried out, using bougie or

Malaria impact of large dams at different eco-epidemiological settings in Ethiopia

affect malaria in different eco-epidemiological settings. Methods Larval and adult mosquitoes were collected from dam and non-dam villages around the Kesem (lowland), Koka (midland), and Koga (highland ... dams planned or currently under construction [5], understanding the link between dams and malaria transmission across different eco-epidemiological settings is crucial in order to devise malaria control

Transforming Roles: Canadian Academic Librarians Embedded in Faculty Research Projects

illustrates the emerging opportunities and challenges of the librarian-researcher role and how it is transforming the Canadian university library. ... -year period and identifies the predominant research methods used by academic librarians. Watson-Boone finds that 43 percent of articles published in LIS literature is produced by academic librarians and

Transforming peasantries in India and China: comparative investigations of institutional dimensions

My lecture is about the study of transforming peasantries, in two senses: both as the subjects, as well as the agents of societal transformation. The differential development performance of rural ... , transportation, etc. The twin engines of accumulation with the commune, viz., rural industrialisation and labour accumulation, laid the foundations of Chinese rural transformation during the 1962–78 period and

The historical origins of corruption in the developing world: a comparative analysis of East Asia

investment in centralized political structures by colonial authorities. Reflecting its peripheral and unimportant status, during the period of Spanish colonialism the Philippines was administered through a ... through a long period of warlordism after the end of colonial rule; however, the central state established a firm monopoly on the use of violence by the end of the nineteenth century – that is, at least two

Tyrosine 842 in the activation loop is required for full transformation by the oncogenic mutant FLT3-ITD

between FLT3 and SHP2 leading to reduced SHP2 activation. Thus, we suggest that Y842 is critical for FLT3-mediated RAS/ERK signaling and cellular transformation. ... ; Transformation; Survival; Microarray - Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is a heterogeneous hematopoietic disorder. The molecular genetics of AML has been thoroughly investigated identifying loss-of-function

Whole genome sequencing reveals high-resolution epidemiological links between clinical and environmental Klebsiella pneumoniae

Background Klebsiella pneumoniae is a gram-negative bacterial species capable of occupying a broad range of environmental and clinical habitats. Known as an opportunistic pathogen, it has recently ... worldwide. Despite growing knowledge about the highly diverse population of K. pneumoniae, the evolution and clinical significance of environmental K. pneumoniae, as well as the relationship between clinical

Multispectral images of flowers reveal the adaptive significance of using long-wavelength-sensitive receptors for edge detection in bees

emerges from an intricate interaction between flower coloration and the bee’s visual system. This finding highlights the adaptive significance of bees using only long-wavelength receptors to locate flowers ... is the first publicly available database that combines spatial and spectral information in the range relevant for insect vision (http:// The Flower Reflectance Database (FReD, Arnold

Genetic transformation of gentian Gentiana tibetica (King) leaf explants with Agrobacterium tumefaciens strain C58C1

and nptII genes. l-glutamine used during inoculation period had a significant influence on the transformation efficiency in relation to its concentration and time of treatment. ... tetracycline, vir V and vir G genes—Agrobacterium genes responsible for protein coding connected with vir activation and T-DNA transfer). To describe the role of the L-glutamine in transformation experiment, the

Fred Pijls

“Dat is me met de paplepel ingegeven. Mijn vader gaf judoles, dat doet hij nog steeds trouwens, op zijn 75ste. Hij nam mij als vierjarige mee naar de dojo. Ik was een beweeglijk jongetje en vond ravotten leuk. Judo was in die tijd ook heel populair dankzij Anton Geesink.”

In memoriam: Frederick Griffith Pearson, a legend in thoracic surgery and a great teacher (1926–2016)

Frederick Griffith (Griff) Pearson passed away peacefully on August 10th 2016 at the age of 90. He was an innovative surgeon, and without doubt, one of the most important architects of the spectacular growth ... was a passionate researcher and scientist yet perhaps his greatest contribution was the influence that he had on young talented researchers from all continents over a period of more than half a century

Perspectives acquired through long-term epidemiological studies on the Great East Japan Earthquake

community-based cohort and epidemiological studies. However, the majority of these research activities have since been revived, and further public health research and activities have started to follow the ... future ( gfdrr/files/sendai/sendai.html (2016.10.17)). In this minireview, we provide a brief overview of our recent activities based on epidemiological studies conducting in

Genome-wide Association Analysis Tracks Bacterial Leaf Blight Resistance Loci In Rice Diverse Germplasm

Background A range of resistance loci against different races of Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae (Xoo), the pathogen causing bacterial blight (BB) disease of rice, have been discovered and ... exploited as reservoirs of useful genetic variation for bacterial blight (BB) resistance. This study was conducted to identify loci associated to BB resistance, new genetic donors and useful molecular markers

Culture and biology in the origins of linguistic structure

there are problems with this type of explanation for the origins of linguistic structure. These stem from the fact that language is not only the carrier of cultural information but it is also itself ... transmitted culturally. I will argue that cultural transmission radically alters the evolutionary dynamics involved in the origins of language. Viewing language as a product of the interactions between

An estimation of water origins in the vicinity of a tropical cyclone’s center and associated dynamic processes

To clarify the time evolution of water origins in the vicinity of a tropical cyclone (TC)’s center, we have simulated Typhoon Man-yi (July 2007) in our case study, using an isotopic regional spectral

Early origins of mental disorder - risk factors in the perinatal and infant period

Background There is increasing understanding of the significance of early neurodevelopment in establishing risk for the range of mental disorders. Models of the early aetiology of mental disorders ... health. Conclusions: Development of models for understanding the early origins of mental disorder is an important step in elaborating risk reduction strategies. Comprehensive early identification of risk

Origins, structures, and functions of circulating DNA in oncology

different forms of biological stability or diagnostic significance. This review focuses on the origins, structures and functional aspects that are paradoxically less well described in the literature while ... . Nevertheless, some specific structures have been identified and cirDNA has been shown to be composed of many Bkinds.^ This structural description goes hand-in-hand with the mechanisms of its origins such as

Heterogeneous network epidemics: real-time growth, variance and extinction of infection

Recent years have seen a large amount of interest in epidemics on networks as a way of representing the complex structure of contacts capable of spreading infections through the modern human ... ), Barbour and Reinert (2013) and Janson et al. (2014). These works are primarily concerned with the temporal behaviour of proportions of the population in different epidemiological compartments (susceptible

New epidemiological aspects of visceral and cutaneous leishmaniasis in Taza, Morocco

Background Leishmaniasis is considered among the main endemic diseases in Morocco. However, further knowledge about epidemiological aspects of this disease is needed in several provinces to plan ... preventive strategies to tackle the disease. The present study aims to determine the epidemiological aspect of cutaneous and visceral leishmaniasis in Taza Province from 2007-2014 and to identify the

Role of Aedes aegypti (Linnaeus) and Aedes albopictus (Skuse) in local dengue epidemics in Taiwan

vector density of Ae. aegypti were significant and positive in most townships in Taiwan. However, Ae. albopictus had significant but negative regression coefficients in clusters of dengue epidemics. In the ... period between 2009 and 2011. According to the definition of the CDC, epidemiological questions regarding the travel history, incubation period, and first day of illness of patients confirmed as having DF