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HANP on renal damage during cardiac surgery

S , Kanmura Y. The protective effect of human atrial natriuretic peptide on renal damage during cardiac surgery . J Anesth . 2017 ; 31 : 163 - 9 . 2. Lema G , Canessa R , Urzua J . Renal protection ... , Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile , Santiago , Chile 1. Many research groups are looking for a therapy that can protect kidneys during surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass. Strategies involving the use

Impact of delirium on postoperative frailty and long term cardiovascular events after cardiac surgery

Background Postoperative delirium (POD) is a common and critical complication after cardiac surgery. However, the relationship between POD and postoperative physical frailty and the effect of both on ... consecutive patients undergoing elective cardiac surgery. The intensive care delirium screening checklist was used to assess POD. Postoperative frailty was defined by handgrip strength and walking speed

Left atrial concomitant surgical ablation for treatment of atrial fibrillation in cardiac surgery: A meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials

Introduction Surgical ablation is a generally established treatment for patients with atrial fibrillation undergoing concomitant cardiac surgery. Left atrial (LA) lesion set for ablation is a ... , China 1 Editor: Alessandro Parolari, University of Milano , ITALY Surgical ablation is a generally established treatment for patients with atrial fibrillation undergoing concomitant cardiac surgery. Left

Preoperative asymptomatic leukocytosis and postoperative outcome in cardiac surgery patients

Background Despite showing a prognostic value in general surgical patients, preoperative asymptomatic elevated white blood cell (WBC) count is not considered a risk factor for cardiac surgery ... , Massachusetts, United States of America, 2 Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University , Chicago , Illinois, United States of America, 3 Department of Surgery, Division of Cardiac Surgery, Beth Israel

A core outcome set for adult cardiac surgery trials: A consensus study

Background Invasive off- or on-pump cardiac surgery (elective and emergency procedures, excluding transplants are routinely performed to treat complications of ischaemic heart disease. Randomised ... Ireland Galway, School of Nursing and Midwifery , Galway , Ireland 1 Editor: Simon Body, Harvard Medical School , UNITED STATES Invasive off- or on-pump cardiac surgery (elective and emergency procedures

Fluid resuscitation practices in cardiac surgery patients in the USA: a survey of health care providers

Background Fluid resuscitation during cardiac surgery is common with significant variability in clinical practice. Our goal was to investigate current practice patterns of fluid volume expansion in ... ; Colloids; Crystalloids; Albumin; Cardiovascular surgery; Intraoperative volume expansion; Cardiopulmonary bypass; Survey Background Cardiac surgeries are commonly performed procedures that almost

Role of 3D Echocardiography in Cardiac Surgery: Strengths and Limitations

-dimensional transesophageal echocardiography (RT 3D TEE) during cardiac surgery and cardiac interventions. Recent Findings Recently published recommendations and guidelines include the use of RT 3D TEE. RT 3 D ... multiplane/biplane/X-plane imaging; Cardiac surgery; Interventions; Transcatheter procedures; Echocardiographer; Spatial resolution; Temporal resolution; Guidelines and recommendations; Valvular surgery

Acute kidney injury after cardiac surgery: a preventable event?

levosimendan improves the survival rates among patients undergoing cardiac surgery [ 11, 13, 14 ], a recently published randomized controlled trial has shown that levosimendan does not reduce the incidence of ... . 4. Rosner MH , Okusa MD . Acute kidney injury associated with cardiac surgery . Clin J Am Soc Nephrol . 2006 ; 1 : 19 - 32 . 5. Hobson CE , Yavas S , Segal MS , Schold JD , Tribble CG , Layon AJ

Effect of levosimendan on prognosis in adult patients undergoing cardiac surgery: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials

Republic of China Background: Small trials suggest that levosimendan is associated with a favorable outcome in patients undergoing cardiac surgery. However, recently published larger-scale trials did not ... provide evidence for a similar benefit from levosimendan. We performed a meta-analysis to assess the survival benefits of levosimendan in patients undergoing cardiac surgery and to investigate its effects

Use of a flowable haemostat versus an oxidised regenerated cellulose agent in primary elective cardiac surgery: economic impact from a UK healthcare perspective

Flowable haemostatic agents have been shown to be superior to non-flowable agents in terms of haemostatic control and need for transfusion products in patients undergoing cardiac surgery. We ... (Floseal) compared with non-flowable oxidised regenerated cellulose (ORC) agent in primary elective cardiac surgery from the perspective of the UK National Health Service (NHS). Methods: A cost-consequence

Levosimendan for patients with severely reduced left ventricular systolic function and/or low cardiac output syndrome undergoing cardiac surgery: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Previous studies have shown beneficial effects of levosimendan in high-risk patients undergoing cardiac surgery. Two large randomized controlled trials (RCTs), however, showed no advantages of ... systematic review and meta-analysis (MEDLINE and Embase from inception until March 30, 2017), investigating whether levosimendan offers advantages compared with placebo in high-risk cardiac surgery patients

Clinical Impact of Custodiol Cardioplegic Solution on Patients Undergoing Complex Cardiac Surgery With Mild to Moderate Impairment of Left Ventricular Systolic Function

attractive option for lengthy complex cardiac surgery. It was proved that it is simple to use, safe and practical. Moreover, it is considered to confer sufficient myocardial protection for more than 2 h of ... descriptive study to analyze the performance of HTK solution in patients undergoing complex cardiac surgery with mild to moderate impairment of left ventricular systolic function. Patients and methods: A total

The dose of hydroxyethyl starch 6% 130/0.4 for fluid therapy and the incidence of acute kidney injury after cardiac surgery: A retrospective matched study

The safety of hydroxyethyl starches (HES) is still under debate. No studies have compared different dosing regimens of HES in cardiac surgery. We analyzed whether the incidence of Acute Kidney Injury ... patients undergoing elective or emergency cardiac surgery with or without cardiopulmonary bypass. Exclusion criteria were patients on renal replacement therapy (RRT), cardiac trauma surgery, heart

Outcome of cardiac surgery in patients with congenital heart disease in England between 1997 and 2015

Background The number of patients with congenital heart disease (CHD) is increasing worldwide and most of them will require cardiac surgery, once or more, during their lifetime. The total volume of ... Heart Disease Centre, Department of Cardiology and Angiology, University Hospital Muenster , Muenster, Germany , 3 Department of Cardiac Surgery, Royal Brompton Hospital, Imperial College London , London

Association of gain-of-function EPHX2 polymorphism Lys55Arg with acute kidney injury following cardiac surgery

Twenty to thirty percent of patients undergoing cardiac surgery develop acute kidney injury (AKI). In mice, inhibition of soluble epoxide hydrolase (sEH) attenuates renal injury following ischemia ... associated with AKI after cardiac surgery. We genotyped patients in two independent cardiac surgery cohorts for functional EPHX2 polymorphisms, Lys55Arg and Arg287Gln, and determined AKI using Acute Kidney

Acute kidney injury after cardiac surgery is associated with mid-term but not long-term mortality: A cohort-based study

Acute kidney injury (AKI) in cardiac surgery is associated with complications, early and late mortality and increased health care expenditures. The overall dynamic comorbidity-adjusted contributions ... adult patients admitted for cardiac surgery were enrolled in the study. Follow-up data were obtained through telephonic survey after 1, 5, 10, and 15 years or from the National Mortality Registry. All

Cardiac surgery-associated acute kidney injury: tools for enriching clinical trial populations

decline in renal function, even though the kidneys themselves are almost never ‘‘acutely injured’’. When AKI occurs soon after heart surgery, it is called cardiac surgery-associated AKI (CS-AKI), and ... clinique multicentrique pragmatique plus ancienne.8 Dans l’e´tude pre´sente´e ici, les auteurs rapportent qu’une augmentation imme´diate (c.-a`-d., au moment de Cardiac surgery-associated acute kidney injury

Preoperative aspirin use and acute kidney injury after cardiac surgery: A propensity-score matched observational study

use on postoperative AKI in cardiac surgery. Methods A total of 770 patients who underwent cardiovascular surgery under cardiopulmonary bypass were reviewed. Perioperative clinical parameters including ... cardiac surgery. - Data Availability Statement: All relevant data are within the paper and its Supporting Information files. Funding: The authors received no specific funding for this work. Competing

Ischemic Colitis after Cardiac Surgery: Can We Foresee the Threat?

Introduction Ischemic colitis (IC) remains a great threat after cardiac surgery with use of extracorporeal circulation. We aimed to identify predictive risk factors and influence of early ... , Germany , 5 Department of Cardiac Surgery , HaerzZenter-INCCI, rue Ernest-Barble , Luxembourg , Luxembourg 1 Editor: Chiara Lazzeri , Azienda Ospedaliero Universitaria Careggi , ITALY - Funding: The

Does dexmedetomidine have an antiarrhythmic effect on cardiac patients? A meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials

Background Cardiac surgery patients often experience several types of tachyarrhythmias after admission to the intensive care unit (ICU), which increases mortality and morbidity. Dexmedetomidine (DEX ... This meta-analysis revealed that DEX has an antiarrhythmic effect that decreases the incidence of VA compared to other drugs used for sedation following cardiac surgery. DEX may not have an effect on AF