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Introduction: new trends in the metaphysics of science

science. It now appears artificial to separate the analysis of the general conceptual tools that are used throughout the sciences, such as cause, law, individual object, process, mechanism, reduction, from ... special issue make constructive contributions to metaphysics of science, either concerning science in general or specific fields of science. Michael Esfeld’s paper “A proposal for a minimalist ontology

How social science should complement scientific discovery: lessons from nanoscience

This article examines the state of social science of science, particularly nanoscience. It reviews what has been done and offers a series of constructive criticisms. It examines some of the problems ... discovery is critically important for self-evaluation of the cases instant and the future of the social science of science in general. Emerging science has become a term to describe what happens when

Structure and chemistry of grain boundaries in yttria doped aluminas

[ 16 ] and has been recently attributed to an effect of codoping of residual impurities [ 21 ]. 4.2 GENERAL FEATURES OF INTERGRANULAR SEGREGATION. The general aspects of GB chemistry of the two ... Côte d'or, 94114 Arcueil , France 2014 The structure and chemistry of grain boundaries (GB's) are investigated by TEM in an alumina codoped with magnesia and yttria and an alumina doped with only yttria

Climate Change: From Science to Practice

Purpose of Review Climate change poses a significant threat to human health. Understanding how climate science can be translated into public health practice is an essential first step in enabling robust ... water, nutritious food, and shelter, with rapid changes having serious consequences for their health and wellbeing. Indeed, climate change threatens the last 50 years of gains made in public health [ 3

The views of the general public on prioritising vaccination programmes against childhood diseases: A qualitative study

appropriate and whether societal preferences for childhood vaccinations should be used to help inform childhood immunisation policy. Objective To gauge the general public’s preferences for prioritising certain ... analysed using an inductive thematic framework approach. Setting Population Adult members of the general public were recruited using the Bristol and South Gloucestershire open electoral registers, using

Super Science Infographics: Life Science Through Infographics

more. In addition to the general topics, Life Science Through Infographics includes interesting statistics and fun facts throughout the book.

Indicator system for managing science, technology and innovation in universities

The formulation of standardized measurement indicators of science, technology and innovation at the international, regional and institutional level remains a continuing need. Although there are

Who speaks for nature? On the politics of science

justification of her argument. What is needed is a fuller diagnosis of ‘worldly’ authority relations in science and politics as well as general theorizing about epistemic and practical authority. (Seventeenth ... change. But where does that authority originate and how is it sustained and justified? Here, climate science and political theory can intersect. Of course, most practicing scientists would vehemently

Wetlands In a Changing Climate: Science, Policy and Management

strategies and policies reflecting an integrated understanding of both wetland and climate change science. Specific recommendations are made to capture synergies between wetlands and carbon cycle management ... Gillian T. Davies 2 Earth System Science Interdisciplinary Center, University of Maryland USA and the MD/DC Chapter of the Nature Conservancy , Bethesda, MD , USA 3 Virginia Institute of Marine Science

Astrobiology as Hybrid Science: Introduction to the Thematic Issue

article, these include physics, chemistry, biology, manufacturing engineering, political science, economics, and psychology. Latour (1992) pointed out that purification and translation are necessary to ... sciences. Moreover, in some general sense, a balance had to be maintained between science and its social construction. Too much of social constructivist accounts of science makes one yearn to have more

A citizen science based survey method for estimating the density of urban carnivores

social organisation, the method was additionally applied to suburban badgers to derive relative badger group density (BGD) for one city (Brighton, 2.41 km-2). We demonstrate that citizen science approaches ... FGD. Urban badgers are less widespread globally but increasing reports in Britain [ 2 ] concurrent with incidences of conflict [ 9 ] highlight the need to also assess badger density. In general

Gaming science innovations to integrate health systems science into medical education and practice

Gaming science innovations to integrate health systems science into medical education and practice Earla J White,1 Joy H Lewis,1 Lise McCoy2 1Department of Public Health, School of Osteopathic ... .10 The provision of l-Ju optimal care in complex systems requires an understanding 12n of HSS, the applied science of how care is accessed, delivered, o37 financed, managed, and assessed.11 HSS

Introduction: systematicity, the nature of science?

anything essential or significant about science in general. After all, investigating the “essence” or “nature” of anything has been shown to be an ineffective enterprise in a great number of cases. From this ... ontological, epistemological and methodological problems, we, the guest editors of this special issue, are driven by the belief that raising the question about the nature of science in the most general sense is

Science in the Learning Gardens (SciLG): a study of students’ motivation, achievement, and science identity in low-income middle schools

opportunities for students to engage in practices of science and engineering. Instructional units incorporate issues such as the impacts of climate change on local food systems. Contextualizing large, complex ... their connections to the placebased flora and fauna, studied science with special focus on the NGSS curriculum for the day, learned to compost, created art, and shared cultural stories about food and

Sustainable energy: how quantum chemistry can help

interdisciplinary nature of the issues calls for strong collaboration among experts from diverse fields of science: basic physics to biology, chemistry, materials science and engineering. Amongst these fields ... F. De Angelis, S. Fantacci, R. Gebauer, Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters Sustainable energy: How quantum chemistry can help Computer simulations of electronic and structural properties can

4f chemistry towards rare earth materials science and engineering

element reaches 10 and above. It should be also mentioned that the origin of the 4f chemical bonding is weak interaction with long bond length. The foundation of RE materials science is 4f chemistry, which ... dictates the chemical reactions towards the development of novel RE materials. The recent advance in 4f chemical bonding [7] will stimulate the development of RE materials science. In 4f chemistry, the

New ultra-sensitive radioanalytical technologies for new science

technologies have always been a limiting factor for experiments in nuclear sciences comprising investigations of rare processes in nuclear physics and chemistry, in space research, in environmental radioactivity ... studies, in isotope oceanography and hydrology, in biomedical research and in many other branches of science. This has been mainly because of the fact that the available sensitivity was not high enough to

Work-Based Curriculum to Broaden Learners’ Participation in Science: Insights for Designers

Around the globe, science education during compulsory schooling is envisioned for all learners regardless of their educational and career aspirations, including learners bound to the workforce upon ... bound to the workforce upon secondary school completion. Yet, a major barrier in attaining this vision is low learner participation in secondary school science. Because curricula play a major role in

Science and technology in high-entropy alloys

all aspects of our lives, including agriculture, housing, transportation, food, machinery, and defense industries. As illustrated in Fig. 1, in the early stage of alloy, one principal element was fused ... in these alloys enhances the formation of random solid-solution phases 1 State Key Laboratory for Advanced Metals and Materials, University of Science and Technology Beijing, Beijing 100083, China 2

General ecological information supports engagement with affordances for ‘higher’ cognition

animal can relate to a food source while only sensing a pheromone, or how an agent can relate to beer, while only the refrigerator is directly sensorily present. Certain cases in which something is absent ... and the skilled agent are like, such that they can relate to each other in these ways. We argue that this requires an account of the regularities in the environment. Introducing the notion of general