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Nutrition of Liver Transplant Patients

detailed clinical guidelines and recommendations with regard to the perioperative nutrition of the liver transplant patient. Only limited data from controlled studies are available, which may well be ... trauma . Nutrition 1998 ; 14 : 165 - 72 . 34. Beal RJ , Bryg DJ , Bihari DJ . Immunonutrition in the critically ill. A systematic review of clinical outcome . Crit Care Med 1999 ; 27 : 2799 - 2805 . 35

ISSN exercise & sports nutrition review update: research & recommendations

Sports nutrition is a constantly evolving field with hundreds of research papers published annually. In the year 2017 alone, 2082 articles were published under the key words ‘sport nutrition ... the key words ‘sport nutrition’. Consequently, staying current with the relevant literature is often difficult. Methods This paper is an ongoing update of the sports nutrition review article

PAr index, an indicator reflecting altered vitamin B-6 homeostasis, is associated with long-term risk of stroke in the general population: the Hordaland Health Study (HUSK) | The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition | Oxford Academic

Institute of Public Health , Bergen , Norway 1 Clinical Science, University of Bergen , Bergen , Norway 2 Global Public Health and Primary Care 3 Departments of 4 Bevital A/S , Bergen , Norway 5 The Norwegian ... Institute of Public Health , Bergen , Norway 6 Department of Heart Disease, Haukeland University Hospital , Bergen , Norway 7 Laboratory of Clinical Biochemistry Background: Vitamin B-6 homeostasis is

Providing Nutrition Care to Patients with Chronic Disease: An Irish Teaching Hospital Healthcare Professional Study

the development of NCDs. Nutrition should therefore be viewed as an important aspect of patient care and be addressed by all healthcare professionals (HCPs). Previous work has highlighted a lack of ... –13]. The aim of this study is to document and compare Irish HCPs self-perceived competency towards incorporating nutrition care into day-to-day clinical practice and patient care. In order to better

Reply to DS Ludwig and CB Ebbeling | The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition | Oxford Academic

methodologic limitations, the results support the opposite conclusion. According to the clinical trials registry, this study was designated a pilot, presumably with the aim of acquiring preliminary data for a ... considerable theoretical and clinical data. Properly controlled and adequately powered randomized controlled trials are urgently needed to test this model. - Reply to DS Ludwig and CB Ebbeling Does the

Polyphenol epidemiology: looking back and moving forward | The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition | Oxford Academic

determinants of their intake ( 7 ). Afterward, association studies with clinical endpoints (e.g., overall mortality, cardiovascular diseases, type 2 diabetes, cancer) became more frequent, especially in ... , Boutron-Ruault MC , et al. Dietary polyphenol intake in Europe: the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) study . Eur J Nutr 2016 ; 55 : 1359 - 75 . 8. Cassidy A , Bertoia M

Association of maternal nutrition with transient neonatal hyperinsulinism

hyperinsulinemic hypoglycemia in neonates was performed because of clinical symptoms suggestive of hypoglycemia or in the presence of conventional risk factors (small-for-gestational-age, prematurity, anoxo-ischemia ... , hypothermia, macrosomia, gestational diabetes). Hyperinsulinemic hypoglycemia was confirmed in the HI neonates and ruled out in the controls. This allowed for comparing maternal nutrition in cases and controls

Nutrition in patients with chronic non-healing ulcers: a paradigm shift in wound care

clinical disciplines. A holistic nutritional management approach may yield both clinical and economic benefits. Keywords: wound care, chronic wounds, parenteral nutrition, micronutrients, macronutrients ... medical history, weight, diet, and a physical examination.22,23 The MNA-SF retains the validity of the original MNA and is recommended by European Society for Clinical Nutrition and Metabolism (ESPEN).24

Effects of green tea catechin extract on serum lipids in postmenopausal women: a randomized, placebo-controlled clinical trial | The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition | Oxford Academic

Anna H Wu 1 Mindy S Kurzer 0 0 Department of Food Science and Nutrition, University of Minnesota , St. Paul, MN , USA 1 Department of Preventive Medicine, University of Southern California Keck School of ... concentrations of TC and LDL cholesterol. Current meta-analyses of green tea and lipid clinical trials, all with short durations (3–24 wk), showed that 1 Supported by the NIH/National Cancer Institute (grant R01

Vitamin A supplementation redirects the flow of retinyl esters from peripheral to central organs of neonatal rats raised under vitamin A–marginal conditions | The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition | Oxford Academic

most extrahepatic organs, but only transiently (for w1 d) ( 12 ), 1 Supported by the Pennsylvania State University Graduate Program in Nutrition, the Dorothy Foehr Huck Endowment, and NIH grant HD ... -066982. 2 Present address: Department of Nutrition Science, Purdue University, G38 Stone Hall, West Lafayette, IN 47907. 3 Present address: Department of Human Nutrition and Hospitality Management

ONS: an ontology for a standardized description of interventions and observational studies in nutrition

BackgroundThe multidisciplinary nature of nutrition research is one of its main strengths. At the same time, however, it presents a major obstacle to integrate data analysis, especially for the ... ., nutritional biochemistry, clinical nutrition, nutritional epidemiology, nutrigenetics, and nutrimetabolomics) provide fundamental evidence at different levels and from different perspectives, contributing to

micronutrient-fortified young-child formula improves the iron and vitamin D status of healthy young European children: a randomized, double-blind controlled trial | The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition | Oxford Academic

final manuscript. JBvG is a member of the Dutch National Breastfeeding Council, European Society for Paediatric Gastroenterology Hepatology and Nutrition, Health Council of the Netherlands, and neonatal ... nutrition section of the Dutch Pediatric Association and director of the Dutch National Donor Human Milk Bank; he has received honoraria for presentations and consultations from Danone, Nutricia, Mead Johnson

Vitamin D–enhanced eggs are protective of wintertime serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D in a randomized controlled trial of adults | The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition | Oxford Academic

Centre for Vitamin D and Nutrition Research; FFQ, food-frequency questionnaire; LC-MS/MS, liquid chromatography–tandem mass spectrometry; MDI, mean daily intake; PTH, parathyroid hormone; RCT, randomized ... , and the use of medications known to interfere with vitamin D metabolism. The study was approved by the Clinical Research Ethics Committee of the Cork Teaching Hospitals, University College Cork. All

Predictors of failure of fish-oil therapy for intestinal failure–associated liver disease in children | The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition | Oxford Academic

Children's Hospital , Boston, MA , USA 2 Clinical Research Center , Biostatistics Core Background: Parenteral fish-oil (FO) therapy is a safe and effective treatment for intestinal failure-associated liver ... parenteral nutrition-dependent patients is recommended. This trial was registered at as NCT00910104. Am J Clin Nutr 2016;104:663-70. cholestasis; fish oil; fish oil lipid emulsion

Consequences of iodine deficiency and excess in pregnant women: an overview of current knowns and unknowns | The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition | Oxford Academic

Section of Endocrinology, Diabetes, and Nutrition, Boston University School of Medicine , Boston, MA , USA 1 Human Nutrition Laboratory, Institute of Food , Nutrition, and Health , ETH Zurich , Zurich ... iodine-deficient regions where salt iodization is infeasible or insufficient. A recent clinical trial has informed best practices for iodine supplementation of severely iodine-deficient lactating mothers

Struggling with nutrition in patients with advanced cancer: nutrition and nourishment—focusing on metabolism and supportive care

Patients with advanced cancer are at high risk of losing vital body resources resulting in malnutrition, immunodeficiency, impaired quality of life and worse clinical outcome. Prominent among the ... bypassing large sections of the small bowel may induce watery diarrhea and a loss of absorptive capacity, requiring parenteral fluids and nutrition. Pain Chronic pain may abolish appetite. While clinical

Gastrointestinal obstruction caused by solidification and coagulation of enteral nutrition: pathogenetic mechanisms and potential risk factors

Gastrointestinal obstruction caused by solidification and coagulation of enteral nutrition: pathogenetic mechanisms and potential risk factors Grazia Leonello,1 Antonio Giacomo Rizzo,1 Viviane Di Dio ... Messina , Messina , Italy Enteral nutrition (EN) is preferred in order to provide nutrition and reduce catabolism in critically ill patients. Recent studies suggest that the use of EN is successful and

Secular trends for skinfolds differ from those for BMI and waist circumference among adults examined in NHANES from 1988–1994 through 2009–2010 | The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition | Oxford Academic

Ogden 0 0 National Center for Health Statistics, CDC , Hyattsville, MD , USA 1 Division of Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition, The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia , Philadelphia, PA , USA 2 ... Division of Nutrition, Physical Activity and Obesity, CDC , Atlanta, GA , USA Background: Although the prevalence of a body mass index [BMI (in kg/m2)] $30 has tripled among US adults since the 1960s, BMI