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PAr index, an indicator reflecting altered vitamin B-6 homeostasis, is associated with long-term risk of stroke in the general population: the Hordaland Health Study (HUSK) | The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition | Oxford Academic

Institute of Public Health , Bergen , Norway 1 Clinical Science, University of Bergen , Bergen , Norway 2 Global Public Health and Primary Care 3 Departments of 4 Bevital A/S , Bergen , Norway 5 The Norwegian ... Institute of Public Health , Bergen , Norway 6 Department of Heart Disease, Haukeland University Hospital , Bergen , Norway 7 Laboratory of Clinical Biochemistry Background: Vitamin B-6 homeostasis is

Association of maternal nutrition with transient neonatal hyperinsulinism

hyperinsulinemic hypoglycemia in neonates was performed because of clinical symptoms suggestive of hypoglycemia or in the presence of conventional risk factors (small-for-gestational-age, prematurity, anoxo-ischemia ... , hypothermia, macrosomia, gestational diabetes). Hyperinsulinemic hypoglycemia was confirmed in the HI neonates and ruled out in the controls. This allowed for comparing maternal nutrition in cases and controls

Reply to DS Ludwig and CB Ebbeling | The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition | Oxford Academic

methodologic limitations, the results support the opposite conclusion. According to the clinical trials registry, this study was designated a pilot, presumably with the aim of acquiring preliminary data for a ... considerable theoretical and clinical data. Properly controlled and adequately powered randomized controlled trials are urgently needed to test this model. - Reply to DS Ludwig and CB Ebbeling Does the

ONS: an ontology for a standardized description of interventions and observational studies in nutrition

BackgroundThe multidisciplinary nature of nutrition research is one of its main strengths. At the same time, however, it presents a major obstacle to integrate data analysis, especially for the ... ., nutritional biochemistry, clinical nutrition, nutritional epidemiology, nutrigenetics, and nutrimetabolomics) provide fundamental evidence at different levels and from different perspectives, contributing to

Polyphenol epidemiology: looking back and moving forward | The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition | Oxford Academic

determinants of their intake ( 7 ). Afterward, association studies with clinical endpoints (e.g., overall mortality, cardiovascular diseases, type 2 diabetes, cancer) became more frequent, especially in ... , Boutron-Ruault MC , et al. Dietary polyphenol intake in Europe: the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) study . Eur J Nutr 2016 ; 55 : 1359 - 75 . 8. Cassidy A , Bertoia M

Rehabilitation nutrition support for a hemodialysis patient with protein-energy wasting and sarcopenic dysphagia: a case report

management of rehabilitation nutrition in a maintenance hemodialysis patient with PEW and sarcopenia.Case presentationA 60-year-old man with an 8-year history of dialysis was admitted for pneumococcal ... , Kanagawa Prefecture 232-0024 , Japan 3 Department of Clinical Nutrition and Food Service, Nagasaki Rehabilitation Hospital , 4-11 Ginya-machi, Nagasaki, Nagasaki Prefecture 850-0854 , Japan Background

Vitamin A supplementation redirects the flow of retinyl esters from peripheral to central organs of neonatal rats raised under vitamin A–marginal conditions | The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition | Oxford Academic

most extrahepatic organs, but only transiently (for w1 d) ( 12 ), 1 Supported by the Pennsylvania State University Graduate Program in Nutrition, the Dorothy Foehr Huck Endowment, and NIH grant HD ... -066982. 2 Present address: Department of Nutrition Science, Purdue University, G38 Stone Hall, West Lafayette, IN 47907. 3 Present address: Department of Human Nutrition and Hospitality Management

The timing of growth faltering has important implications for observational analyses of the underlying determinants of nutrition outcomes

American Journal of Clinical Nutrition . 2015 ; 102 ( 5 ): 1249 ± 58 . PMID: 26423387 34. Jones AD , Ickes SB , Smith LE , Mbuya MNN , Chasekwa B , Heidkamp RA , et al ... ]. Other studies more agnostically attempt to identify which of these underlying determinants explain reductions in stunting or wasting over time in nutrition success stories [16±19]. The relative scarcity

Struggling with nutrition in patients with advanced cancer: nutrition and nourishment—focusing on metabolism and supportive care

Patients with advanced cancer are at high risk of losing vital body resources resulting in malnutrition, immunodeficiency, impaired quality of life and worse clinical outcome. Prominent among the ... bypassing large sections of the small bowel may induce watery diarrhea and a loss of absorptive capacity, requiring parenteral fluids and nutrition. Pain Chronic pain may abolish appetite. While clinical

Effects of green tea catechin extract on serum lipids in postmenopausal women: a randomized, placebo-controlled clinical trial | The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition | Oxford Academic

Anna H Wu 1 Mindy S Kurzer 0 0 Department of Food Science and Nutrition, University of Minnesota , St. Paul, MN , USA 1 Department of Preventive Medicine, University of Southern California Keck School of ... concentrations of TC and LDL cholesterol. Current meta-analyses of green tea and lipid clinical trials, all with short durations (3–24 wk), showed that 1 Supported by the NIH/National Cancer Institute (grant R01

La journée 2017 du Groupe Lipides et Nutrition

l'enfant et du futur adulte. OCL 25(3): D307. - Disponible en ligne : Chaque fin d’année, le GLN (Groupe Lipides Nutrition), qui rassemble des chercheurs, des médecins et des ... industriels autour d’un intérêt commun pour les effets nutritionnels des lipides, organise une journée scientifique thématique. Pour l’édition 2017, le thème de la nutrition périnatale avait été retenu. Le

Nutrition delivery of a model-based ICU glycaemic control system

the context of GC in the 4.4–8.0 mmol/L range. Hence, the level of nutrition it provides is a time-varying estimate of the patient-specific ability to take up glucose. Methods First, the clinical ... limit overall nutritional intake compared to other ICUs. Glycaemic control; Nutrition delivery; Clinical workload; Intensive care unit; Critical care; Hyperglycaemia; Hypoglycaemia; Model-based; Targeted

Differences in Glycemic Control in Diabetic and Non-diabetic Patients with Parenteral Nutrition Using a Basal plus Correction Insulin Regimen: An Observational, Retrospective Study

, et al. ASPEN clinical guidelines: nutrition support of adult patients with hyperglycemia . JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr . 2013 ; 37 : 23 - 36 . 15. Olveira G , Garc´ıa- Luna PP , Pereira JL , et al ... , et al. Clinical management of hyperglycaemic patients receiving total parenteral nutrition . Clin Nutr Edinb Scotl . 1996 ; 15 : 11 - 5 . 17. Viana MV , Viana LV , Tavares AL , de Azevedo MJ . Insulin

micronutrient-fortified young-child formula improves the iron and vitamin D status of healthy young European children: a randomized, double-blind controlled trial | The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition | Oxford Academic

final manuscript. JBvG is a member of the Dutch National Breastfeeding Council, European Society for Paediatric Gastroenterology Hepatology and Nutrition, Health Council of the Netherlands, and neonatal ... nutrition section of the Dutch Pediatric Association and director of the Dutch National Donor Human Milk Bank; he has received honoraria for presentations and consultations from Danone, Nutricia, Mead Johnson

Cross-sectional association of dietary water intakes and sources, and adiposity: National Adult Nutrition Survey, the Republic of Ireland

1500 adults aged 18-90 years (Irish National Adult Nutrition Survey, 2008-2010). Total water intake and its sources were estimated using food records. Associations of total water, drinking water ... contribution of different sources of total water intake in humans [ 13 ]. The previous investigation of dietary and body weight correlates of water intakes in the National Health and Nutrition Examination

Vitamin D–enhanced eggs are protective of wintertime serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D in a randomized controlled trial of adults | The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition | Oxford Academic

Centre for Vitamin D and Nutrition Research; FFQ, food-frequency questionnaire; LC-MS/MS, liquid chromatography–tandem mass spectrometry; MDI, mean daily intake; PTH, parathyroid hormone; RCT, randomized ... , and the use of medications known to interfere with vitamin D metabolism. The study was approved by the Clinical Research Ethics Committee of the Cork Teaching Hospitals, University College Cork. All

Predictors of failure of fish-oil therapy for intestinal failure–associated liver disease in children | The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition | Oxford Academic

Children's Hospital , Boston, MA , USA 2 Clinical Research Center , Biostatistics Core Background: Parenteral fish-oil (FO) therapy is a safe and effective treatment for intestinal failure-associated liver ... parenteral nutrition-dependent patients is recommended. This trial was registered at as NCT00910104. Am J Clin Nutr 2016;104:663-70. cholestasis; fish oil; fish oil lipid emulsion

Consequences of iodine deficiency and excess in pregnant women: an overview of current knowns and unknowns | The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition | Oxford Academic

Section of Endocrinology, Diabetes, and Nutrition, Boston University School of Medicine , Boston, MA , USA 1 Human Nutrition Laboratory, Institute of Food , Nutrition, and Health , ETH Zurich , Zurich ... iodine-deficient regions where salt iodization is infeasible or insufficient. A recent clinical trial has informed best practices for iodine supplementation of severely iodine-deficient lactating mothers