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Nutrition of Liver Transplant Patients

detailed clinical guidelines and recommendations with regard to the perioperative nutrition of the liver transplant patient. Only limited data from controlled studies are available, which may well be ... trauma . Nutrition 1998 ; 14 : 165 - 72 . 34. Beal RJ , Bryg DJ , Bihari DJ . Immunonutrition in the critically ill. A systematic review of clinical outcome . Crit Care Med 1999 ; 27 : 2799 - 2805 . 35

Gut Inflammatory Diseases, Infection, and Nutrition

), parasitic (e.g., protozoa, helminthes, and flatworms), and viral (HPV, norovirus, and hepatitis B and C) are linked with chronic inflammatory responses. Additionally, nutrition imbalance and specific ... . Previous studies have demonstrated Bifico to improve colitis and colitis-associated malignancy, pouchitis, diarrhea, and gastritis in models. In addition, clinical trials have revealed therapeutic

PAr index, an indicator reflecting altered vitamin B-6 homeostasis, is associated with long-term risk of stroke in the general population: the Hordaland Health Study (HUSK) | The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition | Oxford Academic

Institute of Public Health , Bergen , Norway 1 Clinical Science, University of Bergen , Bergen , Norway 2 Global Public Health and Primary Care 3 Departments of 4 Bevital A/S , Bergen , Norway 5 The Norwegian ... Institute of Public Health , Bergen , Norway 6 Department of Heart Disease, Haukeland University Hospital , Bergen , Norway 7 Laboratory of Clinical Biochemistry Background: Vitamin B-6 homeostasis is

ISSN exercise & sports nutrition review update: research & recommendations

Sports nutrition is a constantly evolving field with hundreds of research papers published annually. In the year 2017 alone, 2082 articles were published under the key words ‘sport nutrition ... the key words ‘sport nutrition’. Consequently, staying current with the relevant literature is often difficult. Methods This paper is an ongoing update of the sports nutrition review article

Reply to DS Ludwig and CB Ebbeling | The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition | Oxford Academic

methodologic limitations, the results support the opposite conclusion. According to the clinical trials registry, this study was designated a pilot, presumably with the aim of acquiring preliminary data for a ... considerable theoretical and clinical data. Properly controlled and adequately powered randomized controlled trials are urgently needed to test this model. - Reply to DS Ludwig and CB Ebbeling Does the

Nutrition and Gastric Cancer

Nutrition and gastric cancer Carlo La Vecchia Silvia Franceschi C La Vecchia, S Franceschi. Nutrition and gastric cancer. Can J Gastroenterol 2000;14(Suppl D):51D-54D. The reasons for the worldwide

Recommendations for characterization and reporting of dietary fibers in nutrition research

nutrition studies testing the effects of DF usually provide extensive detail on the physiologic responses, many still fail to adequately report the type and properties of the DF itself. This weakens the ... benefits relies on nutrition research giving adequate specification and data about DF propertiesHealth claim substantiation, validity, and enforcement require that the DF sources used in clinical research

Polyphenol epidemiology: looking back and moving forward | The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition | Oxford Academic

determinants of their intake ( 7 ). Afterward, association studies with clinical endpoints (e.g., overall mortality, cardiovascular diseases, type 2 diabetes, cancer) became more frequent, especially in ... , Boutron-Ruault MC , et al. Dietary polyphenol intake in Europe: the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) study . Eur J Nutr 2016 ; 55 : 1359 - 75 . 8. Cassidy A , Bertoia M

Providing Nutrition Care to Patients with Chronic Disease: An Irish Teaching Hospital Healthcare Professional Study

the development of NCDs. Nutrition should therefore be viewed as an important aspect of patient care and be addressed by all healthcare professionals (HCPs). Previous work has highlighted a lack of ... –13]. The aim of this study is to document and compare Irish HCPs self-perceived competency towards incorporating nutrition care into day-to-day clinical practice and patient care. In order to better

Effects of green tea catechin extract on serum lipids in postmenopausal women: a randomized, placebo-controlled clinical trial | The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition | Oxford Academic

Anna H Wu 1 Mindy S Kurzer 0 0 Department of Food Science and Nutrition, University of Minnesota , St. Paul, MN , USA 1 Department of Preventive Medicine, University of Southern California Keck School of ... concentrations of TC and LDL cholesterol. Current meta-analyses of green tea and lipid clinical trials, all with short durations (3–24 wk), showed that 1 Supported by the NIH/National Cancer Institute (grant R01

Association of maternal nutrition with transient neonatal hyperinsulinism

hyperinsulinemic hypoglycemia in neonates was performed because of clinical symptoms suggestive of hypoglycemia or in the presence of conventional risk factors (small-for-gestational-age, prematurity, anoxo-ischemia ... , hypothermia, macrosomia, gestational diabetes). Hyperinsulinemic hypoglycemia was confirmed in the HI neonates and ruled out in the controls. This allowed for comparing maternal nutrition in cases and controls

Vitamin A supplementation redirects the flow of retinyl esters from peripheral to central organs of neonatal rats raised under vitamin A–marginal conditions | The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition | Oxford Academic

most extrahepatic organs, but only transiently (for w1 d) ( 12 ), 1 Supported by the Pennsylvania State University Graduate Program in Nutrition, the Dorothy Foehr Huck Endowment, and NIH grant HD ... -066982. 2 Present address: Department of Nutrition Science, Purdue University, G38 Stone Hall, West Lafayette, IN 47907. 3 Present address: Department of Human Nutrition and Hospitality Management

Success of nutrition-therapy interventions in persons with type 2 diabetes: challenges and future directions

Success of nutrition-therapy interventions in persons with type 2 diabetes: challenges and future directions Marion J Franz,1 Janice MacLeod2 1Nutrition Concepts by Franz, Minneapolis, MN, 2Clinical ... MacLeod 0 0 Clinical Innovation , WellDoc, Columbia, MD , USA 1 Nutrition Concepts by Franz , Minneapolis, MN , USA A systematic review was conducted by the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics to determine

Vitamin D–enhanced eggs are protective of wintertime serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D in a randomized controlled trial of adults | The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition | Oxford Academic

Centre for Vitamin D and Nutrition Research; FFQ, food-frequency questionnaire; LC-MS/MS, liquid chromatography–tandem mass spectrometry; MDI, mean daily intake; PTH, parathyroid hormone; RCT, randomized ... , and the use of medications known to interfere with vitamin D metabolism. The study was approved by the Clinical Research Ethics Committee of the Cork Teaching Hospitals, University College Cork. All

Predictors of failure of fish-oil therapy for intestinal failure–associated liver disease in children | The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition | Oxford Academic

Children's Hospital , Boston, MA , USA 2 Clinical Research Center , Biostatistics Core Background: Parenteral fish-oil (FO) therapy is a safe and effective treatment for intestinal failure-associated liver ... parenteral nutrition-dependent patients is recommended. This trial was registered at clinicaltrials.gov as NCT00910104. Am J Clin Nutr 2016;104:663-70. cholestasis; fish oil; fish oil lipid emulsion

Consequences of iodine deficiency and excess in pregnant women: an overview of current knowns and unknowns | The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition | Oxford Academic

Section of Endocrinology, Diabetes, and Nutrition, Boston University School of Medicine , Boston, MA , USA 1 Human Nutrition Laboratory, Institute of Food , Nutrition, and Health , ETH Zurich , Zurich ... iodine-deficient regions where salt iodization is infeasible or insufficient. A recent clinical trial has informed best practices for iodine supplementation of severely iodine-deficient lactating mothers

micronutrient-fortified young-child formula improves the iron and vitamin D status of healthy young European children: a randomized, double-blind controlled trial | The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition | Oxford Academic

final manuscript. JBvG is a member of the Dutch National Breastfeeding Council, European Society for Paediatric Gastroenterology Hepatology and Nutrition, Health Council of the Netherlands, and neonatal ... nutrition section of the Dutch Pediatric Association and director of the Dutch National Donor Human Milk Bank; he has received honoraria for presentations and consultations from Danone, Nutricia, Mead Johnson

Nutrition in patients with chronic non-healing ulcers: a paradigm shift in wound care

clinical disciplines. A holistic nutritional management approach may yield both clinical and economic benefits. Keywords: wound care, chronic wounds, parenteral nutrition, micronutrients, macronutrients ... medical history, weight, diet, and a physical examination.22,23 The MNA-SF retains the validity of the original MNA and is recommended by European Society for Clinical Nutrition and Metabolism (ESPEN).24