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Epidemiology of hip fractures

(CSSB), Center for Musculoskeletal Surgery (CMSC) , Charité Universitätsmedizin, Berlin , Germany 1 Institute of Epidemiology and Medical Biometry, Ulm University , Ulm , Germany 2 Department of ... trends contribute to the particular epidemiology of hip fractures. This overview gives a comprehensive insight in the complete spectrum of global hip fracture epidemiology. Furthermore, the overview

Epidemiology and screening for renal cancer

widespread use of abdominal imaging has affected the epidemiology of renal cell carcinoma (RCC). Despite this, over 25% of individuals with RCC have evidence of metastases at presentation. Screening for RCC ... has the potential to downstage the disease. Methods We performed a literature review on the epidemiology of RCC and evidence base regarding screening. Furthermore, contemporary RCC epidemiology data was

The Epidemiology of

of the epidemiology, risks, consequences and resource utilization of Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) in Japan, a systematic literature review was undertaken of relevant publications from January ... ); Epidemiology; Japan; Outcomes; Ribotype - PLAIN LANGUAGE SUMMARY Clostridium difficile (C. difficile) is a bacterium that often lives without causing harm in people’s gut. However, when a person has antibiotic

Epidemiology of uveitis in a US population-based study

Ophthalmology, University of California, San Francisco , 10 Koret Way, San Francisco, CA 94143 , USA 2 Department of Epidemiology & Biostatistics, University of California, San Francisco , 550 16th Street, San ... supports smoking as a risk factor, which has clinical relevance since this is a modifiable habit. Epidemiology; Uveitis; Prevalence; Cigarette smoking; Arthritis; Ankylosing spondylitis; Ulcerative colitis

Pain and chronic pain epidemiology

. Epidemiology of chronic pain Epidemiology, as defined by the World Health Organization is: “the study of the distribution and determinants of health-related states or events (including disease), and the ... applications of this study to the control of diseases and other health problems” [ 1 ]. Thus, epidemiology is not only about collecting numbers, but also takes into account the consequences of quantified

The epidemiology of personality disorders in the Sao Paulo Megacity general population

Introduction Most studies on the epidemiology of personality disorders (PDs) have been conducted in high-income countries and may not represent what happens in most part of the world. In the last ... / 00204-3, URL: 1 Section of Psychiatric Epidemiology, Institute & Department of Psychiatry (LIM-23), University of Sao Paulo Medical School , Sao Paulo, SP , Brazil , 2 Department of Epidemiology

From John Snow to omics: the long journey of environmental epidemiology

themselves are usually neither necessary nor sufficient. Epidemiology seems to have reached a limit in disentangling the role of single components in causal complexes, particularly at low doses. To overcome ... societal determinants which are suggested to be the root causes of many non-communicable diseases. Non-communicable disease conditions - Among the heroes of modern epidemiology, John Snow is probably the

Epidemiology and outcomes of anaphylaxis-associated out-of-hospital cardiac arrest

-associated out-ofhospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) are needed to establish a preventative strategy and community education program. The aim of this study was to investigate the epidemiology and clinical outcomes ... PMID : 20560905 . 9. Lieberman P , Camargo CA Jr., Bohlke K , Jick H , Miller RL , Sheikh A , et al. Epidemiology of anaphylaxis: findings of the American College of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology

Epidemiology of hip fracture in Belarus: development of a country-specific FRAX model and its comparison to neighboring country models

Lifecourse Epidemiology Unit, University of Southampton , Southampton , UK 5 Institute for Health and Ageing, Catholic University of Australia , Melbourne , Australia 6 College of Physicians & Surgeons ... describes the epidemiology of hip fractures in Belarus that was used to develop the country-specific fracture prediction FRAX® tool and illustrates its features compared to models for the neighboring

The epidemiology of headache disorders: a face-to-face interview of participants in HUNT4

J ( 1991 ) Epidemiology of headache in a general population - a prevalence study . J Clin Epideiol 44 : 1147 - 1157 2. Castillo J , Muñoz P , Guitera V , Pascual J ( 1999 ) Epidemiology of chronic ... daily headache in the general population . Headache 39 : 190 - 196 3. Sjaastad O , Pettersen H , Bakketeig LS ( 2001 ) The Vågå study, epidemiology of headache. The prevalence of ultrashort paroxysms

Ventilator-associated pneumonia in patients assisted by veno-arterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation support: Epidemiology and risk factors of treatment failure

specific issue. Epidemiology, risk factors, microbiology, specific outcome or risks of treatment failure (TF) of ventilator-associated pneumonia under ECMO support remain unknown. However, severity of ... distinct entity. To address this issue, we aimed to investigate the epidemiology, risk factors, microbiology and outcomes of VAP, and to identify risk factors of TF in a large and well-defined cohort of ICU

Epidemiology and ‘big data’

years, epidemiology has gone through a substantial development of both methodology and more sophisticated analyses with determinant- and diseasespecific elements. Despite the discussion earlier in this ... journal as to whether the duality of epidemiology’s embrace of both research methods and content-based topics is a positive development [ 1, 2 ], it shows at least that epidemiology as a discipline is

Epidemiology of the Zika Virus Outbreak in the Cabo Verde Islands, West Africa

Introduction: The Zika virus (ZIKV) outbreak in the island nation of Cabo Verde was of unprecedented magnitude in Africa and the first to be associated with microcephaly in the continent. Methods: Using a simple mathematical framework we present a first epidemiological assessment of attack and observation rates from 7,580 ZIKV notified cases and 18 microcephaly reports between...

Herpesviruses: epidemiology, pathogenesis, and interventions

reactivation in certain pathophysiological conditions. In this issue, we collectively present ten articles focusing on the epidemiology, pathogenesis, and interventions of HSV-1, VZV, HCMV, EBV and KSHV

Quality of observational studies in prestigious journals of occupational medicine and health based on Strengthening the Reporting of Observational Studies in Epidemiology (STROBE) Statement: a cross-sectional study

ObjectiveThe present study applied the Strengthening the Reporting of Observational Studies in Epidemiology (STROBE) statement to observational studies published in prestigious occupational medicine ... reporting of observational studies called: the Strengthening the Reporting of Observational Studies in Epidemiology (STROBE) Statement [ 2 ]. This checklist includes a description of methodological items

Case-based surveillance of measles in Sicily during 2012-2017: The changing molecular epidemiology and implications for vaccine strategies

epidemiology and molecular dynamics of measles viruses as a result of the measles surveillance activity carried out by the “Reference Laboratory for Measles and Rubella” in Sicily over a 5-year period ... section, University of Palermo , Palermo , Italy , 2 Clinical Epidemiology Unit, University Hospital aPaolo Giacconeo , Palermo , Italy 1 Editor: Yongchang Cao, Sun Yat-Sen University , CHINA Following the

Epidemiology of asphyxiation suicides in the United States, 2005–2014

demographic subgroups can be implemented. Suicide; Epidemiology; Asphyxiation Background In 2014, suicides were the tenth leading cause of death in the United States (U.S.). Among the 42,773 suicides in 2014 ... . described the epidemiology of asphyxiation suicides, and noted that asphyxiation suicide rates increased from 2000 to 2010; the increase varied by age (Baker et al. 2013). Furthermore, in 2010, asphyxiation

Definitions and Epidemiology of Endodontic Infections

periapical tissues has not majorly improved in the general population. Endodontic infections; Epidemiology; Primary apical periodontitis; Posttreatment apical periodontitis; Prevalence Introduction ... ]. Therefore, most studies on the epidemiology of endodontic infections focus on their prevalence, where the proportion of a population with apical periodontitis is estimated based on examination of a sample of

Correction: Local thoracic therapy improve prognosis for stage IV non-small cell lung cancer patients combined with chemotherapy: A Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results database analysis

Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results 0 China, 3 Department of Respiratory Medicine, The Second Hospital of Yinzhou , Ningbo 1 China, 2 Department of Thoracic Surgery, Lihuili Hospital, Ningbo Medical