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Evolutionary Ecology of Marine Invertebrate Larvae

”. Why are there so many different forms in the plankton? Why are larval forms so very different from adults? These questions persist despite the fact that development in marine invertebrates has been ... tantalizing questions remain concerning origins and ecologies of larvae. This book brings together a wide-ranging collection of chapters on marine invertebrate larvae which overall suggest that there are likely

Urban Evolutionary Ecology and the Potential Benefits of Implementing Genomics

-cost, high-throughput sequencing methods, we can begin to address an emerging question in urban ecology: are species adapted to local optima within cities or are they expressing latent phenotypic ... phenotypic plasticity? Here, I  provide a comprehensive review of previous urban ecological studies, with special focus on the molecular ecology and phenotypic adjustments documented in urban terrestrial and

Valuable natural products from marine and freshwater macroalgae obtained from supercritical fluid extracts

extraction compared to freshwater. All these findings show that marine and freshwater macroalgae, as a raw material, have the optimal biologically active compounds composition for cosmetics. ... extracts from the biomass of marine (Ulva clathrata, Cladophora glomerata, Polysiphonia fucoides, and their multi-species mixture) and freshwater (C. glomerata) macroalgae. Different extraction techniques

Go big or … don't? A field-based diet evaluation of freshwater piscivore and prey fish size relationships

freshwater piscivorous taxa: crappie (Pomoxis spp.), largemouth bass (Micropterus salmoides), muskellunge (Esox masquinongy), northern pike (Esox lucius), rock bass (Ambloplites rupestris), smallmouth bass ... In the largest analysis of predator-prey body mass ratios across ecosystems (i.e., terrestrial, marine, freshwater) and predator types (invertebrate, ectothermic vertebrate, and endothermic vertebrate

The reproductive ecology of the Antarctic bivalve

The accepted paradigm for reproduction in Antarctic marine species is one where oogenesis takes 18 months to 2 years, and a bimodal egg-size distribution where two cohorts of eggs are present in ... resource availability because of extreme seasonality in the marine environment. Here we present data on the reproductive ecology of the common Antarctic bivalve Aequiyoldia eightsii (Jay, 1839

Conservation of freshwater bivalves at the global scale: diversity, threats and research needs

Bivalves are ubiquitous members of freshwater ecosystems and responsible for important functions and services. The present paper revises freshwater bivalve diversity, conservation status and threats ... . Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems . Stoeckle , B. C. , R. Kuehn & J. Geist , 2016 . Environmental DNA as a monitoring tool for the endangered

Introduction: Recent developments in cyanobacterial research with special reference to aquatic habitats, molecular ecology and phylogenetic taxonomy

ecosystems include a variety of freshwater, brackish and marine, planktonic and benthic habitats from which cyanobacteria were sampled. Study regions comprise temperate, arctic, alpine and tropical ... biocalcified lowland streams (Pentecost, 2017) , alpine streams (Kurmayer et al., 2017) , stratified freshwater lakes (Ruber et al., 2017) , and marine tidal flats (Vogt et al., 2017) . The main merits

Molecular and morphological data of the freshwater fish Glandulocauda melanopleura (Characiformes: Characidae) provide evidences of river captures and local differentiation in the Brazilian Atlantic Forest

The current distribution of freshwater fishes across multiple basins along Eastern Brazil can be associated to two main events: river captures or temporary paleoconnections. Apparently, river ... AC. Continental-Scale Tectonic Controls of Biogeography and Ecology. In: Albert JS, Reis RE, editors, Historical Biogeography of Neotropical Freshwater Fishes. California: University of California

Sex, size and isotopes: cryptic trophic ecology of an apex predator, the white shark Carcharodon carcharias

Demographic differences in resource use are key components of population and species ecology across the animal kingdom. White sharks (Carcharodon carcharias) are migratory, apex predators, which have ... range. Understanding their ecology is key to ensuring that management strategies are effective. Here, we carry out the first stable isotope analyses of free-swimming white sharks in South Africa. Biopsies

Ecology and hydrology of early rice farming: geoarchaeological and palaeo-ecological evidence from the Late Holocene paddy field site at Maoshan, the Lower Yangtze

; Lower Yangtze River; Hydrology; Ecology Introduction The Lower Yangtze River is one of the key areas where rice was consumed from the beginning of the Holocene and subsequently domesticated (Fuller et ... ecological intervention and biological modification in the fields. A recent research trend is to apply palaeo-ecological approaches to investigate water management strategies and the ecology of rice farming

Rapid marine biodiversity assessment records 16 new marine fish species for Seychelles, West Indian Ocean

. Accessed 15 Mar 2018 . Polunin NVC . Marine fishes of the Seychelles . In: Stoddart DR, editor. Biogeography and ecology of the Seychelles . Massachusetts: Kluwer Boston; 1984 . p. 171 - 91 ... 0NT , UK 2 Save Our Seas Foundation - D'Arros Research Centre (SOSF-DRC) , Rue Philippe Plantamour 20, 1201 Genève , Switzerland Background: A rapid marine fish biodiversity assessment and subsequent

Metagenomic analysis of soil and freshwater from zoo agricultural area with organic fertilization

community analysed here. Conversely, genes for nitrogen fixation were abundant in freshwater, indicating that the N-fixation plays a crucial role in this particular ecosystem. Moreover, pathogenicity islands ... nitrogen and phosphorus limitation of primary producers in freshwater, marine and terrestrial ecosystems . Ecol Lett . 2007 ; 10 : 1135 ± 1142 . 0248 . 2007 . 01113 . x PMID

Worldwide sampling reveals low genetic variability in populations of the freshwater ciliate Paramecium biaurelia (P. aurelia species complex, Ciliophora, Protozoa)

). Freshwater plankton community ecology under high throughput sequencing perspective . VII European Congress of Protistology, the International Society of Protistologists, 5-10 September 2015 , Seville ... , ecology and potential protection of ciliates and other microbial eukaryotes. As other free-living protists, ciliates play a key ecological role in various types of environment (Weisse 2006; Pawlowski et al

Arctic marine conservation is not prepared for the coming melt

Arctic countries to “Advance the protection of large areas of ecologically important marine, terrestrial and freshwater habitats, taking into account ecological resilience in a changing climate” (CAFF ... long-lasting . Marine Ecology Progress Series , 397 : 279 - 294 . Arrigo , K. R., van Dijken, G. , and Pabi , S. 2008 . Impact of a shrinking Arctic ice cover on marine primary production . Geophysical

Evidence and Opportunities for Integrating Landscape Ecology into Natural Resource Planning across Multiple-Use Landscapes

Enhancing natural resource management has been a focus of landscape ecology since its inception, but numerous authors argue that landscape ecology has not yet been effective in achieving the ... landscapes. We developed nine questions reflecting the application of fundamental research topics in landscape ecology to the landscape planning process and reviewed two recent landscape-scale plans in western

Characteristics of meiofauna in extreme marine ecosystems: a review

integrated view of the biodiversity, ecology and physiological responses of marine meiofauna inhabiting several extreme marine environments (mangroves, submarine caves, Polar ecosystems, hypersaline areas ... constantly find meiofauna organisms. Meiofauna is a collective name for a diverse assemblage of eukaryotic organisms found in both freshwater ecosystems and the marine realm (Mare 1942; Higgins and Thiel 1988

Optimum water depth ranges of dominant submersed macrophytes in a natural freshwater lake

freshwater lake were determined. ... Environmental Criteria and Risk Assessment, State Environmental Protection Key Laboratory for Lake Pollution Control, Research Center for Lake Ecology and Environments, Chinese Research Academy of Environmental

Feeding and growth of the marine heterotrophic nanoflagellates, Procryptobia sorokini and Paraphysomonas imperforata on a bacterium, Pseudoalteromonas sp. with an inducible defence against grazing

Heterotrophic marine nanoflagellates are important grazers on bacteria in the water column. Some marine bacteria appear more resistant to grazing than do others. Marine nanoflagellates can be grown

Long-term exposure to acidification disrupts reproduction in a marine invertebrate

Climate change research is advancing to more complex and more comprehensive studies that include long-term experiments, multiple life-history stages, multi-population, and multi-trait approaches. We used a population of the barnacle Balanus improvisus known to be sensitive to short-term acidification to determine its potential for long-term acclimation to acidification. We reared...

No-take marine reserves are the most effective protected areas in the ocean

Marine protected areas (MPAs) are an essential tool for reversing the global degradation of ocean life. Hence, it is important to know which types of MPAs are more effective, and under which ... . 2007 . Community-wide effects of marine reserves in the Mediterranean Sea . Marine Ecology Progress Series , 335 : 43 - 56 . Halpern , B. S. , Lester , S. E. , and Kellner , J. B. 2009 . Spillover from