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Multimodal photoacoustic imaging: systems, applications, and agents

fundamental principles and system configurations of PA microscopy and preclinical/clinical applications of the systems. PA microscopy has become a premier tool in biomedical research, providing structural ... exceptional for imaging molecular information and metabolic activities of diseases, but the image resolution is poor compared to that of CT and MR. Thus, multimodal information, such as ones provided by PET-MRI

Sharing delay information in service systems: a literature survey

Service providers routinely share information about upcoming waiting times with their customers, through delay announcements. The need to effectively manage the provision of these announcements has ... ; Service systems 1 Introduction Most service providers routinely share various levels of information with their customers. This information may be about the quality of the service provided, the service

EEG-Based Biometrics: Challenges And Applications

needed towards developing efficient sets of stimuli (visual or auditory) that can be used of person identification in Brain-Computer Interface (BCI) systems and applications. There are still many ... applications, for example, for personal authentication on mobile devices, augmented and virtual reality, headsets, and Internet. This special issue is aimed to introduce the recent advances of EEG-based

B-space: dynamic management and assurance of open systems of systems

for new kinds of applications. In light of the hard-to-predict structure and behavior of such systems, assuring their safety will require some disruptive changes of established safety paradigms ... , this information can be used to improve the (collective) autonomous behavior of the systems. For future applications, the models reflecting the field data could be used to derive thousands of additional

Detecting Cross-Site Scripting in Web Applications Using Fuzzy Inference System

With improvement in computing and technological advancements, web-based applications are now ubiquitous on the Internet. However, these web applications are becoming prone to vulnerabilities which ... . Introduction Over the past decade, the Internet has witnessed tremendous growth in the volume, nature, and channel of information exchange across several media irrespective of distance or location. In particular

Corrosion avoidance in lightweight materials for automotive applications

automotive lightweighting materials systems Presently, most automotive manufacturers are reducing vehicle structure mass, with several advanced materials being used (aside from traditional/conventional low ... for Mg Magnesium is the lightest engineering metal for structural applications, having been utilized in vehicles for a long time (typical application includes instrument panel beam and steering wheel

Recovering user-interactions of Rich Internet Applications through replaying of HTTP traces

“traditional” Web applications. However, these solutions cannot handle modern “Rich Internet Applications” (RIAS). Our solution is implemented in the context of RIAs in a tool called D-ForenRIA. Our tool is made ... efficiently reconstruct user-sessions in practice. User-interactions reconstruction; Rich Internet Applications; Traffic replay; HTTP traces 1 Introduction Over the last decade the increasing use of new Web

Intelligent Structural Systems

illustrations and 13 references. Chapter 7, "Intelligent Sensor Systems for Underwater Acoustic Applications" by T. R. Howarth, V. K. Varadan, and V. V. Varadan (Pennsylvania State University), discusses in some ... and noise, as well as aerospace, automotive, civil, and ship structures and mechatronic systems. Chapter 1, "Introduction to Smart Structures," by G. L. Anderson, A. Crowson, and J. Chandra (Army

Advances in Databases and Information Systems

, the reduction of energy has become a new non-functional requirement integrated in the processes of design and the exploitation of database and information systems (Roukh et al. 2017) . The Claremont ... deployed to design such systems share simultaneously physical resources and data between applications. Cloud computing largely contributed in augmenting sharing capabilities of these systems thanks to their

Methods in clonal analysis and applications

, we describe a few techniques for labeling groups of cells and we discuss prospective and retrospective clonal analysis, in particular the LaacZ system, in detail. We examine the information generated ... proliferation and the movements of tissues, but it does not give any information about individual behaviors, which is often necessary to define the precise parameters of development. Clonal analysis is based on

Methods in clonal analysis and applications

, we describe a few techniques for labeling groups of cells and we discuss prospective and retrospective clonal analysis, in particular the LaacZ system, in detail. We examine the information generated ... proliferation and the movements of tissues, but it does not give any information about individual behaviors, which is often necessary to define the precise parameters of development. Clonal analysis is based on

Intelligent data attacks against power systems using incomplete network information: a review

With the integration of information technologies, power system operations are increasingly threatened by cyber-attacks. It has even been revealed that an attacker can inject false data into real-time ... subspace information of power systems measurements and exploits normal meter measurements as sources of malicious data. It is shown that the framing attack is able to misguide the operator to remove critical

Practices and applications in ambient and intelligent information systems

consume energy in a sharing manner by leveraging information provided by energy provider as well as consumers? How to securely perform purchasing using data from both banking systems and personal accounts ... ambient and intelligent information systems. All the papers invited for this special issue have undergone two rounds of rigorous review process. Based on the reviewers’ feedback, 7 papers were selected for

About Extracting Dynamic Information of Unknown Complex Systems by Neural Networks

This work presents a straightforward methodology based on neural networks (NN) which allows to obtain relevant dynamic information of unknown nonlinear systems. It provides an approach for cases in ... system dynamic is not extremely complex. In many applications, current research deals with the study of unknown complex systems, whether due to a complex dynamic, high dimensionality, or lack of

About Extracting Dynamic Information of Unknown Complex Systems by Neural Networks

This work presents a straightforward methodology based on neural networks (NN) which allows to obtain relevant dynamic information of unknown nonlinear systems. It provides an approach for cases in ... system dynamic is not extremely complex. In many applications, current research deals with the study of unknown complex systems, whether due to a complex dynamic, high dimensionality, or lack of

Multilayer Optimization for the Quantum Internet

We define a multilayer optimization method for the quantum Internet. Multilayer optimization integrates separate procedures for the optimization of the quantum layer and the classical layer of the ... serve as a useful tool for quantum network communications and future quantum Internet. Additional information Publisher's note: Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in

Optically pumped alkali magnetometers for biomedical applications

atomic magnetometers based on optically detected magnetic resonance (ODMR) and review their biomedical applications. - m partial view of sensor array in the 19-channel Fribourg magnetocardiography (MCG ... signal on δν is used in an electronic feedback loop that ensures that the drive frequency νmod tracks the Larmor frequency νL in a phase-coherent manner: νmod then carries the magnetometric information

Analysis of Barriers to the Deployment of Health Information Systems: a Stakeholder Perspective

all stakeholders whereas others not, suggesting that some barriers may be more relevant than others. Healthcare; Information systems; Telemedicine; Chronic diseases; Barriers; Stakeholder theory 1 ... Introduction 1.1 Context A large number of systems can be considered an e-Health system, and therefore there are different ways of classifying them (e.g. telemedicine, e-health, Health Information Systems (HIS

Luminescence in organized media and supramolecular interactions:physicochemical aspects and applications

improved solubility or complexing efficiency. Analytical applications aiming at the determination of fluorescent drugs followed and revealed that not only was their luminescence maintained, but that it was ... applications always benefit from an improved sensitivity as a result of this enhancement. Extensions of the scope of the technique such as the induced emission of non emitting chromophores (retinoids) as well as

Evolution of Mobile Applications

contemporary information and communication age [1–4], mobile application is one of the most concerned and rapidly developing areas. At the same time, the development of mobile application undergoes great changes ... internet.  Native Apps: The applications, which are installed in the device. For example, Reminders, Few Games, etc [ 7 ]. 1.3 Types of software for building mobile application With a small investment