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Exacerbating Inequalities? Health Policy and the Behavioural Sciences

“macro, big picture, framing contexts of life” [ 45 ]. Nudge, for them, is the current fad within the general trend towards a managerial and reductionist approach to public health, which ultimately ... effectiveness of potential behavioural science interventions in the public health arena in general. Behavioural Law and Policy: Problems of Translation Translating behavioural sciences research into law and

Bringing Darwin into the social sciences and the humanities: cultural evolution and its philosophical implications

Social Sciences, which is the result of a collaborative project between scholars and scientists from the universities of Lille and Ghent. Furthermore, we explain how they add to the discussions about the ... the life and the social sciences and the humanities (e.g., Slingerland and Collard 2012; Wilson 1998) . These projects have discarded all normative ambitions—although their critics have continued to

Theme: General Pediatrics

in patient electronic diaries and independently assessed by the investigator, along with patient-reported quality of life, at the beginning and end of the study. Diarrhea and headache were the only ... and quality of life. One dose of oral ondansetron reduced duration of rotavirus clinical symptoms with a median of two days. Furthermore, ondansetron reduced diarrhea episodes, most pronounced in

Data-Intensive Modelling and Simulation in Life Sciences and Socio-economical and Physical Sciences

, while WG3 and WG4 are thematic umbrellas for data-intensive MS in Life Sciences and for Socio-economical and Physical Sciences. This DSE special issue collects contributions originating from the ... , respectively, have compiled papers presenting general examples of modelling and simulation for big data problems in the context of the two working groups. Within the Action, these and other approaches are of

General trust impedes perception of self-reported primary psychopathy in thin slices of social interaction

other undergraduates (targets: n = 105, 57.1% female). Judges completed self-report measures of general trust, caution, and empathy. Target individuals had completed the Levenson Self-Report Psychopathy ... associated with targets' self-reports, but only in the complete audio condition. Judge general trust and target LSRP interacted, such that judges higher in general trust made less accurate judgments with

Out of Order: Function and Malfunction in the Biological and Biomedical Sciences

Seminars in the Philosophy of the Life Sciences that took place at the Konrad Lorenz Institute for Evolution and Cognition Research (KLI) in Klosterneuburg, Austria, on September 5–9, 2016 (a more detailed ... muscle which doesn't serve its purpose; that there's not a line wasted; that every detail of it fits one idea, the idea of a man and the life of a man. - Ayn Rand’s main protagonist in The Fountainhead

Witnessing the advance of science and technology in life sciences in the new era

technology in China and serving as a bridge connecting Chinese scientists with their counterparts in the international scientific community. Science China Life Sciences (SCLS), including the Chinese and ... English versions, is one of journals in the Science China Series. SCLS is committed to reporting significant findings from both basic and applied research in life sciences. The past decade has seen dramatic

Life Grasps Life’: Wilhelm Dilthey’s Minor Jurisprudence

to the Human Sciences. But instead of focusing on the hermeneutical method which is the usual way in which Dilthey is introduced into the jurisprudential tradition, I will discuss his more general ... this life-philosophical element as vitalism through Dilthey’s 1883 treatise Introduction to the Human Sciences (Dilthey 1991).1 So instead of focusing on the interpretive hermeneutical method which is

The art of co-production of knowledge in environmental sciences and management: lessons from international practice

This review paper addresses the challenging question of “how to” design and implement co-production of knowledge in climate science and other environmental and agricultural sciences. Based on a ... , Environment, and Spatial Sciences (GESS), Michigan State University , East Lansing, MI 48824 , USA 1 School of Geography and Development, University of Arizona , Tucson, AZ , USA 2 Ida Nadia S. Djenontin This

Pace-of-life syndromes: a framework for the adaptive integration of behaviour, physiology and life history

individual behaviour with life history (Wolf et al. 2007) , there is a general paucity of theoretical models predicting POLS evolution; this lack of theory hampers progress in testing of theory by ... syndromes found no general support for sex differences in mean and variances for POLS-related traits, but males tended to have a faster life history, particularly under wild conditions and in species with

Is a driver’s license age waiver worth a teen’s life?

Sciences , Little Rock, AR 72202 , USA 2 From 22nd Annual Injury Free Coalition for Kids® Conference: Forging New Frontiers: Moving Forward with Childhood Injury Prevention Fort Lauderdale , Florida, USA. 01 ... and institutional affiliations. Arkansas Act 394 of 2009 , SB309, 87th general assembly, General session ( 2009 ). Arkansas Integrated Revenue Systems. Driver services motor vehicle . 2016 . Centers

General ecological information supports engagement with affordances for ‘higher’ cognition

account of the regularities in the environment. Introducing the notion of general ecological information, we will give an account of these regularities in terms of constraints, information and the form of ... other forms of ‘higher’ cognition discussed in this paper, is supported by general ecological information available in our human form of life. General ecological information does not only link the ambient

Publication patterns in the social sciences and humanities: evidence from eight European countries

This study investigates patterns in the language and type of social sciences and humanities (SSH) publications in non-English speaking European countries to demonstrate that such patterns are related ... Higher Education, Danish Ministry of Higher Education and Science , Bredgade 40, 1260 Copenhagen , Denmark 2 Centre for R&D Monitoring, Faculty of Social Sciences, University of Antwerp , Middelheimlaan 1

Professor Da-Wen Sun Elected as a Foreign Member of Polish Academy of Sciences

and Consumer Sciences, Warsaw University of Life Sciences , 159 c Nowoursynowska, 02-776 Warsaw , Poland - Professor Da-Wen Sun, UCD Professor of Food and Biosystems Engineering from UCD School of ... national budget on science. The academy is composed of national and foreign members, who are appointed for life. All members are elected by the general assembly among candidates with the highest scientific

Differences in labour participation between people living with HIV and the general population: Results from Spain along the business cycle

-positive people. The primary aim of this paper is to compare the labour participation of people living with HIV (PlwHIV) with the labour participation of the general population along the last business cycle ... between PlwHIV and the general population might be mainly explained by therapeutic advances that have occurred since the 1990s. These advances have substantially increased life expectancy and improved the

Comparing the self-perceived quality of life of multimorbid patients and the general population using the EQ-5D-3L

Objectives To assess and compare the self-perceived Health Related Quality of Life (HRQoL) of multimorbid patients and the general population using health utilities (HU) and visual analogue scale ... lower in multimorbid patients than in the general population. We believe that measuring self-reported quality of life is an important aid to understanding the impact of requests for care and, very

Policy sciences and democracy: a reexamination

would be easy to establish a policy sciences profession with the kind of commitment and contextual orientation that he advocated. There was the general problem, which he recognized early in his career ... contextual orientation and his proposal for continuous general participation in A Pre-View of Policy Sciences, the idea of a consensual map took the form of an ‘antidote to bureaucratism and oligarchy’: ‘The

Personality, cognitive skills and life outcomes: evidence from the Polish follow-up study to PIAAC

associated with trust and its effect is similar to the effect of Neuroticism (β = − 0.09). Life satisfaction General life satisfaction is one of the central outcomes covering different life domains. In ... a growing literature providing evidence on the importance of non-cognitive skills for life outcomes. However, to date there is limited evidence on the gains from incorporating such measures into large

What does the general public understand about prevention and treatment of dementia? A systematic review of population-based surveys

reduction and appropriate treatment for dementia rely on a contemporary understanding of these factors among the general public. Optimism about potential treatments can encourage early diagnosis, which allows ... health behaviours in early and mid-life, ultimately reducing late-life incidence (and associated costs). However, misconceptions about dementia have been present for many years, including that dementia is

Why the social sciences are irreducible

It is often claimed that the social sciences cannot be reduced to a lower-level individualistic science. The standard argument for this position (usually labelled explanatory holism) is the Fodorian ... Following Fodor (1974/1994)—who was concerned with “special sciences” in general, social sciences included (although his focus tended to be on psychology)—modern explanatory holists usually claim that the