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Core principles of evolutionary medicine: A Delphi study | Evolution, Medicine, and Public Health | Oxford Academic

identified 32 more individuals based on their active participation in the EvMed community through publications and participation in the International Society for Evolution, Medicine and Public Health ... (MCAT) was recently changed to include evolution. However, despite these changes and continued advances in evolutionary applications to health and medicine [ 8 ], evolutionary biology remains absent

Theme: General Pediatrics

before the health examination, was also collected. Environmental PM2.5, PM10, SO2, NO2 and CO, plasma norepinephrine and heart rate of the e-waste recycling area were significantly higher than for the non ... -e-waste recycling area. PM2.5, PM10, SO2 and NO2 data, over the 30-day and the 4-month average of pollution before the health examination, showed a positive association with plasma norepinephrine

What does the general public understand about prevention and treatment of dementia? A systematic review of population-based surveys

with World Health Organization directives. ... potentially malleable beliefs predict stigmatizing attributions toward persons with Alzheimer's disease dementia: Results of a survey of the U.S. general public . Health Communication 33 : 264 ± 273 . https

General Medicine and Hospital Medicine: The Janus of Internal Medicine

Michigan , Ann Arbor, MI , USA 1 Division of General Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, University of Michigan , Ann Arbor, MI , USA - I to important trends in the evolution of academic general n ... this issue of JGIM, Miller and colleagues draw attention internal medicine.1 By examining the membership of the Society of General Internal Medicine (SGIM), they provide a snapshot not only of the

Small business owners and health

The present article identifies a societal and scholarly neglect for the field of small business ownership and health. We address health capital and its spillover effects and briefly outline a ... entrepreneurs (Torrès 2012a) . In view of the economic importance of small businesses in developed and developing economies, the health of small business owners is slowly becoming a public issue (Torrès 2012a

Improvement of the reduction in catastrophic health expenditure in China’s public health insurance

context of China’s current public health insurance system. The financial data of all hospitalization cases from a sample hospital in 2013 were gathered and used to determine the pattern of household medical ... China's current public health insurance system to evaluate the financial burden for medical service on Chinese patients, as well as to calculate the possibilities of CHE. Then, by adjusting several

The importance of considering political contributors to violence in public health research

Multisectoral Collaboration''. - Over the past few decades, the World Health Organization (WHO) has led the way in approaching violence as a public health problem that we can prevent through research and ... serve as a useful measure for assessing a society’s general state of health. For example, as more societies have moved toward democracy, we have anticipated a decrease in levels of violence, especially

Prescriptive variability of drugs by general practitioners

Prescription drug spending is growing faster than any other sector of healthcare. However, very little is known about patterns of prescribing and cost of prescribing between general practices. In ... , Rowlands G . Social deprivation and statin prescribing: a cross-sectional analysis using data from the new UK general practitioner `Quality and Outcomes Framework' . J Public Health 2007 ; 29 ( 1 ): 40 ± 47

importance of Evolutionary Medicine in developing countries: A case for Pakistan's medical schools | Evolution, Medicine, and Public Health | Oxford Academic

Pakistan and that it is achievable in its medical student body. K E Y W O R D S : Evolutionary Medicine; medical education; Pakistan; developing world; public health; family medicine INTRODUCTION It has ... discussed throughout this review. It is exemplified by the relevance of EM in multiple public health diseases and the importance of a strong public health and family medicine program in Pakistan [ 44

Individualised patient profile: clinical utility of Flammer syndrome phenotype and general lessons for predictive, preventive and personalised medicine

This case report introduces a female patient, who since her teenager age evidently suffers from Flammer syndrome (FS) as the clearly defined sub-optimal health condition. Further, the patient has ... strongly reduced and she even starts slightly stuttering. During adulthood, her patient records remained quite thin by the treating general practitioner, who considers her health condition Bunremarkable

Dexmedetomidine as an adjuvant during general anesthesia

, Fukushima 960-1295 , Japan 1 Shinju Obara Vol.:(011233456789) Dexmedetomidine; General anesthesia; Intraoperative; Pain management Introduction Newly introduced anesthetic agents are sometimes clinically ... an adjuvant to conventional general anesthesia using propofol or inhaled anesthetics and opioids has been investigated [ 3, 4 ]. With the anesthetic-sparing property of dexmedetomidine, a reduction

Antibiotic use, knowledge and health literacy among the general population in Berlin, Germany and its surrounding rural areas

Objectives Knowledge concerning antibiotic use in the general population is insufficient. The way health literacy is related to antibiotic use aside from knowledge needs further investigation. Our ... improving the health knowledge of the general Competing interests: The authors have declared that no competing interests exist. population and of vulnerable groups such as patients with low levels of health

The epidemiology of personality disorders in the Sao Paulo Megacity general population

and undertreated, and public health strategies must address the unmet needs of these subjects. Our results may reflect what happens in other developing world megacities, and future studies are expected ... , University of Sao Paulo Public Health School , Sao Paulo, SP , Brazil , 3 Department of Social Medicine, Federal University of Espirito Santo , Vitoria, ES , Brazil 2 Editor: Oliver Gruebner, Humboldt

Adherence to hyperbilirubinemia guidelines by midwives, general practitioners, and pediatricians in Indonesia

, general practitioners (GPs), and pediatricians are involved in the care of jaundiced newborn infants. It is unknown whether the high incidence of severe hyperbilirubinemia in this country is related to a ... . Methods The study was approved by the Ethical Committee in Health Research of the Dr. Soetomo General Hospital Surabaya (number 390/ Panke.KKE/V/2017). The committee waived the need to ask consent, because

Australian general practitioners' knowledge, attitudes and practices towards breastfeeding

The aim of this study was to explore the knowledge, attitudes and practices of established general practitioners (GPs) in relation to breastfeeding. 10 GPs in the Australian Nepean Blue Mountains ... LW . Physicians and breastfeeding: beliefs, knowledge, self-efficacy and counselling practices . Canadian journal of public health . 1997 ; 88 ( 6 ): 383 ± 7 . PMID: 9458564 15. Nakar S , Peretz O

Technical quality of delivery care in private- and public-sector health facilities in Enugu and Lagos States, Nigeria

Private-sector providers are increasingly being recognized as important contributors to the delivery of healthcare. Countries with high disease burdens and limited public-sector resources are ... . Tropical Medicine & International Health 20 : 1657 - 73 . Berendes S , Heywood P , Oliver S , Garner P. 2011 . Quality of private and public ambulatory health care in low and middle income countries

Indices of Canada’s future climate for general and agricultural adaptation applications

health, especially in the north where warming is proceeding more rapidly and where ecosystems and traditional lifestyles are particularly sensitive to the impacts of warming (Allard and Lemay 2012; Warren ... general (Qian et al. 2012) . Further change seems inevitable given that warming, and its amplification at high northern latitudes, is likely to continue under all emission scenarios. This may enable

Sustainable partnerships for NCD prevention: implications for public health

International Development Research Centre, Ottawa, Canada 0 Dalla Lana School of Public Health, University of Toronto , Toronto M5T 3M7 , Canada 1 & Erica Di Ruggiero While largely preventable, the global burden ... . For example, SDG3 on health and well-being includes as a target the reduction of one-third premature mortality from NCDs, while SDG17 encourages partnerships between academic, public, private and civil

Attitudes to mental illness among mental health professionals in Singapore and comparisons with the general population

Background Similar to the general public, mental health professionals sometimes also have negative attitudes towards individuals with mental illness; which could ultimately affect the quality of care ... mental illness among mental health professionals in Singapore. Although the professionals had significantly more positive attitudes to mental illness than the general public in Singapore, their attitudes

Effectiveness of health education intervention in improving knowledge, attitude, and practices regarding Tuberculosis among HIV patients in General Hospital Minna, Nigeria – A randomized control trial

associated with high transmission. Objectives To determine the effectiveness of a new health education intervention module in improving knowledge, attitude, and practice (KAP) regarding tuberculosis among HIV ... ManhicËa , MOZAMBIQUE 3 Department of Community Health, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Universiti Putra Malaysia , Serdang, Selangor , Malaysia , 2 Department of Public Health, Ministry of Health