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Plant breeding and diversity: A troubled relationship?

Plant breeding collects, induces and rearranges genetic diversity followed by selection. Breeding may contribute to diversity in farmers’ fields or significantly reduce it. History has numerous ... modernization bottlenecks. Between these major decreasing processes, diversity has picked up through different evolutionary processes, and plant breeding affected by policies. Major negative effects of plant

Discovery of nano-sized gold particles in natural plant tissues

characteristics of nano-sized metal particles in two representative plant species, Erigeron canadensis and Boehmeria nivea, in the Guangdong Province, China. The stems of the plants were sliced and placed on Ni–C ... , Guangzhou 510275 , China 1 School of Earth Sciences and Engineering, Sun Yat-sen University , Guangzhou 510275 , China Biological effects of nanoparticles have attracted widespread attention. However, the

BRC4Env, a network of Biological Resource Centres for research in environmental and agricultural sciences

biological resources maintained by its BRCs and collections and to facilitate their use by a large research community, from agriculture research to life sciences and environmental sciences. Its added value ... (entomopathogenic bacteria, freshwater microalgae…), terrestrial arthropods, nematodes (plant parasitic, entomopathogenic, animal parasitic...), and small mammals. The BRCs and collections of BRC4Env are involved in

The art of co-production of knowledge in environmental sciences and management: lessons from international practice

This review paper addresses the challenging question of “how to” design and implement co-production of knowledge in climate science and other environmental and agricultural sciences. Based on a ... , Environment, and Spatial Sciences (GESS), Michigan State University , East Lansing, MI 48824 , USA 1 School of Geography and Development, University of Arizona , Tucson, AZ , USA 2 Ida Nadia S. Djenontin This

Anaerobic bacteria in wastewater treatment plant

bacteria released into air from sewage and sludge at workplaces from a wastewater treatment plant (WWTP). Methods Samples of both sewage and sludge were collected at six sampling points and bioaerosol ... sewage sludge origin and as such may be responsible for adverse health outcomes in exposed workers. Wastewater treatment plant; Anaerobic bacteria; Exposure assessment; PCR; Size distribution

Droplet-based microfluidic analysis and screening of single plant cells

phenotyping of plant systems where phenotyping analyses typically are time-consuming and low-throughput. We report on-chip encapsulation and analysis of protoplasts isolated from the emergent plant model ... Genomic Biology, Urbana-Champaign , Illinois , United States of America 1 Department of Chemistry, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, United Kingdom, 2 Department of Plant Sciences, University of Cambridge

A proposal to use plant demographic data to assess potential weed biological control agents impacts on non-target plant populations

Weed biocontrol programs aim to reduce the spread and population growth rate of the target plant while stabilizing or increasing populations of those native species considered under threat by

Peripheral infrastructure vectors and an extended set of plant parts for the Modular Cloning system

Standardized DNA assembly strategies facilitate the generation of multigene constructs from collections of building blocks in plant synthetic biology. A common syntax for hierarchical DNA assembly ... BioCenter (VBC), Vienna , Austria 1 Department of Cell and Metabolic Biology, Leibniz Institute of Plant Biochemistry , Halle (Saale) , Germany 2 Institute for Biology, Department of Plant Genetics, Martin

Forest fire may disrupt plant–microbial feedbacks

Plant–microbial feedbacks are important drivers of plant community structure and dynamics. These feedbacks are driven by the variable modification of soil microbial communities by different plant ... ̊ , Sweden 1 J. K. Senior J. M. O'Reilly-Wapstra B. M. Potts School of Biological Sciences, University of Tasmania , Hobart, TAS , Australia 2 Communicated by Rogers 3 Eucalyptus Forest fire Plant-microbial

A methodological approach to identify agro-biodiversity hotspots for priority in situ conservation of plant genetic resources

agro-biodiversity in which to set or enhance in situ conservation of plant genetic resources. These areas are identified using three criteria: Presence of Landrace diversity, Presence of wild species and ... must be protected. Among them the Mediterranean Basin is one of the most important biodiversity hotspots [ 8 ]. In fact it includes about 25,000 plant species (of which around 13,000 are endemic), 4.3

Plant non-coding RNAs and epigenetics

, China 2 National Key Laboratory of Plant Molecular Genetics (NKLPMG), CAS Center for Excellence in Molecular Plant Sciences, Institute of Plant Physiology and Ecology (SIPPE), Shanghai Institutes for

Simulated N and S deposition affected soil chemistry and understory plant communities in a boreal forest in western Canada

the soil and foliage of understory plant species, and (ii) does chronic N and S deposition decrease plant diversity and alter species composition of the understory plant community in a boreal forest in ... , Chinese Academy of Sciences and the Botanical Society of China 3 Department of Renewable Resources, University of Alberta , 442 Earth Sciences Building, Edmonton, Alberta T6G 2E3 , Canada Aims We conducted

Novel RNA viruses within plant parasitic cyst nematodes

Pathology, North Carolina State University , Thomas Hall, Raleigh , North Carolina, United States of America, 2 Division of Plant Sciences and Bond Life Sciences Center, University of Missouri, 371H Bond Life ... Sciences Center , Columbia, Missouri , United States of America 1 Editor: Ulrich Melcher, Oklahoma State University , UNITED STATES The study of invertebrate±and particularly nematode±viruses is emerging

Policy sciences and democracy: a reexamination

, which promised 'contributions reflecting all aspects of the policy sciences in all forms-think pieces, case studies, ideological essays, tirades, and historical surveys' (1970: 2). Yet, how can such ... policy sciences conceived by Harold D. Lasswell. To reexamine here the relationship between policy sciences and democracy (cf. Dryzek and Torgerson 1993), we need to focus on key elements of that framework

Effect of addition of plant extracts on the durability and sensory properties of oat flake cookies

change was observed in fat with the lowest addition of N extract (0.5%). It was observed that the applied plant extracts did not significantly reduce the sensory properties of the products. The most ... , 26-600 Radom , Poland 4 Faculty of Human Nutrition and Consumer Sciences, Warsaw University of Life Sciences -SGGW , Nowoursynowska 159C, 02-787 Warsaw , Poland Fragile cookies are one of the most

Special issue on plant reproduction research in Asia

of the most active and leading fields in biological sciences in Japan. All these efforts foster a flourishing plant reproduction research community in Asian countries. It is also worth noting that ... ), Nagoya University , Furo-cho, Chikusa-ku, Nagoya, Aichi 464-8601 , Japan 1 The University of Chinese Academy of Sciences , 19 Yuquan Road, Beijing 100049 , China 2 State Key Laboratory of Molecular

Altitudinal patterns of maximum plant height on the Tibetan Plateau | Journal of Plant Ecology | Oxford Academic

Civil Engineering, Chengdu University of Technology , Dongsanlu, Erxianqiao, Chengdu 610059 , China 1 Nanjing Institute of Environmental Sciences, Ministry of Environmental Protection , 8 Jiangwangmiao ... , Nanjing 210042 , China 2 The Author(s) 2016. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences and the Botanical Society of 3 Department of Renewable

Double-edged sword of interdisciplinary knowledge flow from hard sciences to humanities and social sciences: Evidence from China

Humanities and Social Sciences (HSS) increasingly absorb knowledge from Hard Sciences, i.e., Science, Technology, Agriculture and Medicine (STAM), as testified by a growing number of citations ... own disciplines [ 4 ]. It is beneficial for the understanding of interdisciplinary knowledge flow to explore the impact of integrating knowledge from Hard Sciences (HS), including Science, Technology

Machine learning modeling of plant phenology based on coupling satellite and gridded meteorological dataset

Changes in the timing of plant phenological phases are important proxies in contemporary climate research. However, most of the commonly used traditional phenological observations do not give any ... , Department of Geography and GIS, University of Cincinnati , 219 Braunstein Hall, Cincinnati, OH, 45221 , USA 2 Department of Climatology, Faculty of Geographical and Geological Sciences, Adam Mickiewicz

Flower palate ultrastructure of the carnivorous plant

Bankowa Str, 40-007 Katowice , Poland 1 Department of Plant Cytology and Embryology, Jagiellonian University in Kraków , 9 Gronostajowa Str, 30-387 Kraków , Poland 2 Bartosz J. Płachno 3 Faculdade de ... ; Carnivorous plant; Corkscrew plants; Floral micro-morphology; Genlisea; Glands; Lentibulariaceae; Lamiales; Osmophore; Pollination; Trichome; Utricularia; Ultrastructure Introduction The genus Genlisea A.St