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Measuring the respiratory gas exchange by grazing cattle using an automated, open-circuit gas quantification system

instrument for this task is an automated, open-circuit gas quantification system (GQS; C-Lock, Inc., Rapid City, SD). The GQS is a head chamber that grazing cattle occasionally visit (3 to 8 min/visit; 3 to 6 ... respiratory activity of sheep during feeding . Aust. J. Agric. Res . 17 : 355 - 362 . doi: 10 .1071/Ar9660355 Zimmerman , P.R. 1993 . System for measuring metabolic gas emissions from animals . US Patent 5

IVH scoring system

blood pressure, and respiratory signals model by Huvanandana J et al. [4] (sensitivity > 90%, specificity of 75%). In conclusion, there are many well-defined risk factors for IVH, and to delineate the ... Y , Isik S , Bayram T , Urgun K , Sakarya S , Akman I ( 2017 ) A clinical scoring system to predict the development of intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH) in premature infants . Childs Nerv Syst . https

Dysregulation of the Renin-Angiotensin System and the Vasopressinergic System Interactions in Cardiovascular Disorders

of Review In many instances, the renin-angiotensin system (RAS) and the vasopressinergic system (VPS) are jointly activated by the same stimuli and engaged in the regulation of the same processes ... , acting on AT1R and V1aR, respectively, exert vasoconstriction, increase cardiac contractility, stimulate the sympathoadrenal system, and elevate blood pressure. At the same time, they act antagonistically

The sympathetic nervous system: malignancy, disease, and novel functions

Liebig University Giessen , Aulweg 123, 35385 Giessen , Germany The sympathetic division of the autonomic nervous system comprises cell types as diverse as sympathetic neurons, which control internal ... them. Neuroblastoma is the most common extra-cranial solid tumor of childhood. This neoplasm is associated with the developing sympathetic nervous system or the developing adrenal medulla. In contrast

Xenopus: An alternative model system for identifying muco-active agents

The airway epithelium in human plays a central role as the first line of defense against environmental contaminants. Most respiratory diseases such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD ... is an excellent alternative model system that provides an accessible source of tractable tissues for investigating the pathophysiology of human respiratory disorders [ 9, 11 ]. The goblet cells

The burden of acute respiratory infections in Ecuador 2011-2015

acute respiratory infections (ARI) in Ecuador between 2011 and 2015. Methods Five-year period morbidity and mortality data available from national agencies of statistics was analyzed to estimate the ... related with acute respiratory infections should be estimated. Direct costs could not be estimated in this study because the health system in Ecuador does not have a billing system or register of direct

Rotating and stationary SPECT system patient motion myocardial perfusion artifacts

still cause problems for reconstructing data acquired by a non-rotating system, but just not the same problems as for a rotating system. For a non-rotating SPECT system, a patient with normal myocardial ... motion problems in data acquired with CZT SPECT systems, specifically.6 Overall, one would expect more severe localized artifacts in the case of a rotating SPECT system, compared to which a nonrotating

Sirtuins in the Cardiovascular System: Potential Targets in Pediatric Cardiology

functions of these molecules in the cardiovascular system and their possible involvement in pediatric cardiovascular diseases. ... these molecules are part of a highly complex molecular network that maintains cellular homeostasis [ 19–22 ]. Sirt1 in the Development of Cardiovascular System: Role in Congenital Heart Defects

First symptoms in multiple system atrophy

Purpose The initial symptoms of multiple system atrophy (MSA) and, in particular, early autonomic symptoms, have received less attention than motor symptoms. Whereas pathognomonic motor signs are ... pressure CASS Composite Autonomic Severity Score DLB Dementia with Lewy bodies GCI Glial cytoplasmic inclusions HR Heart rate MSA Multiple system atrophy MSA-C Multiple system atrophy, cerebellar subtype MSA

Attrition in the kimberlite system

phenomenon that has mainly focussed on sediments produced in aeolian or fluvial environments. Here, we present analogue experiments designed to explore processes of attrition in the kimberlite system; we focus ... . Tumbling mill experiments feature a low energy system supporting near continual particle-particle contact and are relevant to re-sedimentation and dispersal processes. Experiments performed in a fluidized

LaSVM-based big data learning system for dynamic prediction of air pollution in Tehran

pollution prediction. In order to overcome the limitations of the conventional methods and improve the performance of urban air pollution prediction in Tehran, a spatio-temporal system is designed using a ... solutions can significantly reduce the respiratory and cardiovascular diseases caused by the air pollution. The proposed online system was able to continuously work with the streaming data of Tehran on a

Positive end-expiratory pressure selection based on best respiratory system compliance or collapse/hyperdistension curves in patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome: lack of correlation with alveolar recruitment

higher PEEP [ 2 ]. We hypothesized that measurement of Vrec may help in our decision of PEEP and thus conducted a study comparing the Vrec with PEEPEIT or PEEP selection based on best respiratory system ... . [ 5 ] was used to determine the degree of CH during decremental PEEP titration. The intersection between CH curves and PEEPEIT were determined (Fig. 1b). Respiratory system compliance (Crs) was

Low inter-examiner agreement of the Friedman staging system indicating limited value in patient selection

Sundman 4 Institute of Surgical Science, Uppsala University , 751 85 Uppsala , Sweden Purpose The Friedman staging system is a clinical method for selecting patients with obstructive sleep apnoea who are ... likely to benefit from uvulopalatopharyngoplasty. The objective of this study was to evaluate the system by determining its inter-examiner agreement. Methods Twelve patients with obstructive sleep apnoea

Implementation of a voluntary deep inspiration breath hold technique (vDIBH) using BrainLab ExacTrac infrared optical tracking system

implemented to achieve a reproducible, fast and friendly treatment. The aim of the present study is to implement vDIBH using the ExacTrac (BrainLAB AG, Germany) monitoring system. Methods Women with left-sided ... , underwent whole breast RT with vDIBH using the ExacTrac (BrainLAB AG, Germany) monitoring system. Simulations were performed with patients positioned supine on a breast board with both arms raised above the

TU Bootis: An ambiguous W Ursae Majoris system

The W UMa system TU Boo has a period of 0.32438 days and a spectral type G3. We present here the first photometric analysis, based on photoelectric B and V light curves. The q-search method was used ... , Germany 1 Alter Weg 7 , D-54570 Weidenbach , Germany 2 Section of Astrophysics, Department of Physics, University of Athens , Panepistimiopolis, GR-15783 Zographos, Athens , Greece | The W UMa system TU

Early warning and response system (EWARS) for dengue outbreaks: Recent advancements towards widespread applications in critical settings

outbreaks is key to mounting an effective response. The early warning and response system (EWARS) is a toolkit that provides countries with early-warning systems for efficient and cost-effective local ... rarely been studied [ 5 ]. In order to address the need, for an alarm system for dengue outbreaks, the Special Programme for Tropical Disease Research and Training (WHO/TDR) initiated together with

Central nervous system localisation of chronic lymphocytic leukaemia, description of two very distinct cases and a review of the literature

Central nervous system (CNS) localisation of chronic lymphocytic leukaemia (CLL) can induce various neurological symptoms. Unfamiliarity with this manifestation causes diagnostic delay. We present ... symptoms, lymphadenopathy, infections, or B-symptoms. The presence of lymphocyte infiltration in extramedullary localisations, such of as the central nervous system (CNS), causing neurological symptoms is

Respiratory and GIT tract immune responses of broiler chickens following experimental infection with Newcastle disease’s virus

, since the role of immunity is clear in all poultry diseases, it is necessary to study the immunity system more to develop and modify the prevention strategies (Lillehoj and Trout 1993) . Cellular ... after the challenge, the mortality onset was noticed with some signs including green and watery diarrhea, respiratory signs, head tremors, and torticollis. The mortality trend was severe, and 6 days after

Dissecting cause and effect in host-microbiome interactions using the combined worm-bug model system

-bacterial model. Here I will review the current state of the field, what we have learned from using C. elegans to study gut microbiome and host interactions, and the potential of using this model system in ... available to the invading microbes or competing for attachment sites on the surface of intestinal epithelial cells, or by directly modulating immune system maturation. Conversely, the microbiome has been

An enChIP system for the analysis of bacterial genome functions

interspaced short palindromic repeats (CRISPR) system, consisting of a catalytically-inactive form of Cas9 (dCas9) and guide RNA (gRNA). Subsequently, the tagged locus is subjected to affinity purification for ... genome functions. Here, we developed an enChIP system to analyze bacterial genome functions. Results: We generated a plasmid inducibly expressing Streptococcus pyogenes dCas9 fused to a 3xFLAG-tag