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1 D. V. Vechten Office of Naval Research , Arlington, VA , USA
2 B. Gorshunov Moscow Institute of **Physics** and Technology (State University) , Dolgoprudny, Moscow Region , Russia
3 G. Melkonyan GMLab ... most complex topics in **physics** and achieving the goal of room-temperature
superconductivity has been one of the most challenging pursuits of modern **physics**. Many dedicated scientists have
spent

, we aimed to gain a **quantum** **physics**-based
understanding of life, and how life differs from dead
matter. Let us briefly summarize the recent journey
and see where we have reached.
Space, time, motion

2).
Diving into the **quantum** world
**Quantum** mechanics deals with the structure,
elements, and functions of our microcosmos, i. e., with
atoms. **Quantum** **physics** is all about probabilities
where the

temperature. This provides a new, simple route to experimentally study many-body **quantum** **physics** and opens the door for device applications. ... FANTASTIC PLASTIC MAKES THE **QUANTUM** LEAP
A Bose-Einstein condensate is an intriguing state of matter where extensive collective coherence leads to macroscopic **quantum** phenomena. It has now been

classical systems are realized using either mechanical, electrical, or optical resonators. In addition to the fundamental interest of such dynamical phenomena linking classical and **quantum** **physics**, we believe ... **physics**, we believe that these are attractive for the classical analogue simulation of **quantum** systems.
Introduction
Classical-**quantum** analogies
Classical oscillators are ubiquitous in nature. With

simulating complex **quantum** problems found in fields such as condensed-matter and high-energy **physics** (see go.nature.com/2uied19). Krinner et al. now demonstrate that trapped-atom systems can also be used to ... **physics** that emerges in unconventional **quantum** optical set-ups. If the experiments are extended to include many emitters, it might be possible to observe collective spontaneous-emission phenomena that

The traditional **quantum** secret sharing does not succeed in the presence of rational participants. A rational participant’s motivation is to maximize his utility, and will try to get the secret alone ... . & Gong, L. H. Continuous variable **quantum** secret sharing via **quantum** teleportation. International Journal of Theoretical **Physics**. 52, 4174–4184 (2013).
MathSciNetArticleMATH Google Scholar9.
Liao, C. H

in **quantum** **physics**. ... approximations. While in classical problems the resulting Langevin equations are scalar functions, in **quantum** problems one has to deal with nonlinear operator differential equations. If expanded unto base kets

We present a new evolutionary algorithm on the basis of **quantum** computations technology for solving optimization problems. The algorithm is built using many-valued **quantum** logic concept, which is ... **quantum** circuits,” **Physics** Letters A, vol. 379, no. 22-23, pp. 1409–1413, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at ScopusA. Popov, E. Kiktenko, A. Fedorov, and V. I. Man’ko, “Information

coupling of the two CFTs, or alternatively by the application of a modified **quantum** teleportation protocol. This provides evidence for the smoothness of the horizon for a large class of entangled states ...
Open Access
Regular Article - Theoretical **Physics**
First Online: 22 August 2018
Received: 04 July 2018
Accepted: 29 July 2018
5 Shares 28 Downloads
Abstract
Based on the work of Gao

We define a multilayer optimization method for the **quantum** Internet. Multilayer optimization integrates separate procedures for the optimization of the **quantum** layer and the classical layer of the ... algorithms for supervised and unsupervised machine learning. arXiv:1307.0411 (2013).
28.
Lloyd, S., Mohseni, M. & Rebentrost, P. **Quantum** principal component analysis. Nature **Physics** 10, 631 (2014).
ADSArticle

the application of the framework to systems with additional
symmetry. Important examples are the study of **quantum** cosmology
and the near-singularity regime in black hole **physics**, where due to
symmetry ... divergences. For finite value of the e the extra loop created by the **quantum** constraint can entangle the weave of links and nodes in the given spin network around the intersection (first three diagrams on the

We propose a general expression for the probability distribution of real-valued tunneling times of a localized particle, as measured by the Salecker-Wigner-Peres **quantum** clock. This general ... , essentially, the inception of **quantum** mechanics (see, e.g., [1, 2] and references therein). However, such tunneling times were beyond the experimental reach until recent advances in ultrafast **physics** have made

) share the 2003 Nobel prize in **physics** for their "pioneering contributions to the theory of superconductors and superfluidity:' Their names are added to the illustrious list of Nobellaureates in the field ... oflow temperature **physics**. Superconductivity/fluidity has always been the most glamorous topic in condensed matter **physics**. The milestones characterizing the field start with the discovery of

A major outstanding problem for many **quantum** clock synchronization protocols is the hidden assumption of a common phase reference between the parties to be synchronized. In general, the definition of ... definition of the **quantum** states between two parties do not have consistent phase definitions, which can lead to an unknown systematic error. We show that despite prior arguments to the contrary, it is

universe cosmology is in need of a rigorous underpinning in **Quantum** Gravity. ... A. Connes, J. Mathematical **Physics**
GRAVITATIONAL **PHYSICS**: THE BIRTH OF A NEW ERA
0 [19] M. Sakellariadou, in Mathematical Structures of the Universe, edited by the Copernicus Center for

Accelerator Center of Atomki. Géza Lévai is scientific adviser at MTA Atomki . His field of interest is symmetry-related studies in **quantum** mechanics and theoretical nuclear **physics**. Presently he is the deputy ... MIAZMA: **PHYSICS** EDUTAINMENT THROUGH A COMPUTER GAME
The beginning of the 21st century is characterised by several contradictions and challenges. One of them is that scientific and technological

**PHYSICS** FUNDING
l Karin Zach - Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG), Bonn - DOI: 10.1051/epn/2013603 The German Research Foundation (Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft, DFG) is the central German ... substantially. • Optics,**Quantum** Optics,Atoms,Molecules and Plasmas m FIG. 2: DFG funding
Clusters of Excellence will enable German university • Particles, Nuclei and Fields to the different fields
locations to

The freeze-out of massless particles is investigated. The effects due to **quantum** statistics, Fermi-Dirac or Bose-Einstein, of all particles relevant for the process are analyzed. Solutions of ... Szczerbiak
Open Access
Regular Article - Theoretical **Physics**
First Online: 01 September 2018
Received: 23 July 2018
Accepted: 27 August 2018
52 Downloads
Abstract
The freeze-out of massless

We compute **quantum** character varieties of arbitrary closed surfaces with boundaries and marked points. These are categorical invariants \(\int _S{\mathcal {A}}\) of a surface S, determined by the ... homomorphisms called **quantum** moment maps. We then show that the **quantum** character variety of a decorated surface is obtained from that of the corresponding punctured surface as a **quantum** Hamiltonian reduction