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Effective soil erosion control represents a significant net carbon sequestration

erosion control for an entire large river basin. The soil erosion of the Yellow River basin in northern China is among the most severe worldwide. Progressive soil conservation has been implemented by the ... carbon (OC) data, together with primary production estimates, we evaluated the sequestered OC resulting from soil conservation. Compared with that at baseline in 1950–1970, in which significant soil

Analyzing ecological restoration strategies for water and soil conservation

to improve the understanding of the effect of the extent and position along the watershed of restored areas on soil and water conservation. This study aimed to understand how different restoration

Genetic correlation network prediction of forest soil microbial functional organization

Soil ecological functions are largely determined by the activities of soil microorganisms, which, in turn, are regulated by relevant interactions between genes and their corresponding pathways ... . Computational improvements reveal great bacterial diversity and high metal toxicity in soil. Science. 2005;309:1387–90. ArticlePubMed Google Scholar4. O’Brien SL, Gibbons SM, Owens SM, Hampton-Marcell J, Johnston

Check-list of vascular plant communities on ironstone ranges of south-eastern Brazil: dataset for conservation

policies on the use and conservation of the Brazilian flora. ... abiotic stressors such as acid substrates, daily temperature variation, very shallow soils with reduced water availabilityand anomalous metal contents. In sites characterised by substrates (rock and soil

Combining spectroscopic and isotopic techniques gives a dynamic view of phosphorus cycling in soil

weeks to months, and HCl-extractable P in years to millennia. Furthermore, we show that in arid-zone soils, some primary mineral P remains even after 150 ky of soil development, whereas in humid-zone ... Agricultural Sciences, ETH Zurich, 8315, Lindau, SwitzerlandJulian Helfenstein, Federica Tamburini & Emmanuel FrossardInstitute of Crop Science and Resource Conservation, University of Bonn, 53115, Bonn

Insect hibernation on urban green land: a winter-adapted mowing regime as a management tool for insect conservation

Insect conservation is challenging on various ecological scales. One largely neglected aspect is the quality of undisturbed hibernation sites. This study aims to fill a lack of knowledge concerning ... 0 Institut für Evolution und Ökologie, Evolutionsbiologie der Invertebraten, Eberhard Karls Universität Tübingen , Auf der Morgenstelle 28, 72076 Tübingen , Germany Insect conservation is

Help to shape policy with your science

Decision-makers need input from researchers on issues involving science and society. ... conservation, and, in Australia, parliament has ‘friendship groups’ focused on science and medicines. Rose also recommends setting up meetings with government employees who provide science advice to lawmakers

Effects of soil surface disturbances after logging on plant functional types

-Tolosan , France 1 Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Centre d'Écologie Fonctionnelle et Évolutive , UMR 5175, 1919 route de Mende, 34293 Montpellier Cedex 5 , France - Soil surface ... disturbances after logging influence plant species diversity. To estimate these effects, the objective of the present study was to test three hypotheses: (1) each soil surface disturbance type is characterized

Deep soil water storage varies with vegetation type and rainfall amount in the Loess Plateau of China

Soil-water storage in a deep soil layer (SWSD), defined as the layer where soil water is not sensitive to daily evapotranspiration and regular rainfall events, functions as a soil reservoir in ... the 100–500 cm soil layer is a giant soil reservoir in the region. Any future vegetation restoration measures should consider the reservoir to support sustainable soil conservation without compromising

An updated checklist of the amphibian diversity of Maliau Basin Conservation Area, Sabah, Malaysia

The current account presents the results of a 14-day amphibian survey at Maliau Basin Conservation Area (MBCA). With a total of approximately 170 man-hrs, 44 species were detected at four study sites ... Institute for Tropical Biology and Conservation , Universiti Malaysia Sabah, Jalan UMS, 88400 Kota Kinabalu, Sabah , Malaysia 2 Academic editor: Andreas Schmidt-Rhaesa 3 Centrum für Naturkunde, Universität

Seed plant features, distribution patterns, diversity hotspots, and conservation gaps in Xinjiang, China

The flora in Xinjiang is unique. Decisions about biodiversity conservation and management based on seed plant diversity hotspots and conservation gaps in Xinjiang are essential to maintain this ... ASL ( 2006 ) Global biodiversity conservation priorities . Science 313 ( 5783 ): 58 - 61 . Cadotte MW , Jonathan Davies T , Regetz J , Kembel SW , Cleland E

Conservation and trade of wild edible mushrooms of Serbia – history, state of the art and perspectives

official data on research, conservation, socio-economic importance and legislation on wild edible mushrooms and truffles in Serbia was provided. Additionally, the application of existing legal acts on ... Conservation of Serbia , Dr Ivana Ribara 9, 11070 Belgrade , Serbia 2 University Singidunum, Faculty for Applied Ecology Futura , Požeška 83, 11030 Belgrade , Serbia 3 Institute for Multidisciplinary Research

Science, Policy and the Developing Frontiers of International Law

SCIENCE HAS ALWAYS BEEN a most important, if not the most important, agent of legal change. The hydraulic engineering achievements of ancient Egypt and China not only determined the laws of land ... structure of society. Where would the law of the sea be without the development of ships and the science of navigation? In a lighter view too we can imagine chariots creating traffic problems (and laws) on

Topographic aspect affects the vegetation restoration and artificial soil quality of rock-cut slopes restored by external-soil spray seeding

External-soil spray seeding (ESSS), a technique of spraying artificial soil materials onto bare slopes for vegetation cover construction, has been widely used to restore rock-cut slopes. However ... class [clay content (<0.002 mm), silt content (0.002–0.02 mm), and sand content (0.02–2 mm)] was identified by using the International Society of Soil Science (ISSS) soil texture classification

Incorporating soil ecosystem services into urban planning: status, challenges and opportunities

services and indicators used in soil science in an urban context; and (3) inferring the main challenges and opportunities to integrate soil into urban planning.MethodsSeven urban plans and reports of world ... -related concepts. Secondly, the contribution of soil science to urban planning was assessed with an overview of case studies in the past decade that focus on soil-related ecosystem services in urban context

Evaluating the Response of In Situ Moisture Conservation Techniques in Different Rainfall Distributions and Soil-Type Conditions on Sorghum Production and Soil Moisture Characteristics in Drought-Prone Areas of Northern Ethiopia

experiment conducted in clay loam soil revealed that conservation structures were significantly (p < 0.05) increasing all the agronomic data during the dry season but not in wet season. Tied ridge provided the ... grain yield of 1750 kg/ha and biomass yield of 1234 kg/ha during the wet season. With regard to soil moisture, the conservation practices were considerably maintaining the moisture level within allowable

Evidence for functional state transitions in intensively-managed soil ecosystems

soils produced similar respiration responses when processing an introduced complex carbon substrate. A distinct respiration response from fallow soil here indicated a different prior functional state ... .2010.02.004 (2010). Article Google Scholar20. Todman, L. C. et al. Defining and quantifying the resilience of responses to disturbance: a conceptual and modelling approach from soil science. Sci. Rep. 6, 28426

Curve-fitting techniques improve the mid-infrared analysis of soil organic carbon: a case study for Brookston clay loam particle-size fractions

Few studies have evaluated structural features of soil organic carbon (SOC) in different soil particle fractions, especially SOC changes induced by tillage, using Fourier transformed mid-infrared ... -infrared (MIR) spectroscopy. To make a contribution in this context, soil samples of a Brookston clay loam (mesic Typic Argiaquoll) with averaged pH and organic matter concentration at 7.28 and 43.9 g kg−1

Methodological bias associated with soluble protein recovery from soil

Proteins play a crucial role in many soil processes, however, standardised methods to extract soluble protein from soil are lacking. The aim of this study was to compare the ability of different ... Methods of soil analysis. Part 2. Chemical and Microbiological Properties (eds Page, A. L., Miller, R. H. & Keeney, D. R.) 149–157 (Soil Science Society of America, 1982). 14. Bradford, M. M. A Rapid and

Modeling Soil Surface Roughness by Boolean Random Functions

France Laboratoire de Biométrie Castanet-Tolosan France Laboratoire de Science du Sol Avignon Cedex France 2014 In this paper the modeling of soil surface roughness by Boolean random functions is ... presented. The interest of this class of functions is to be able to model explicitly the cloddy aspect of the soil through the use of primary functions. From a statistical point of view, the height