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Preoperative statins are associated with a reduced risk of postoperative delirium following vascular surgery

Delirium is a common complication of vascular surgery. The protective effect of preoperative statins on delirium after vascular surgery is controversial. The authors hypothesized that preoperative

Beta-blockers and perioperative outcomes in vascular surgery

pertinent evidence on the potential benefits of perioperative use of betablockers (BB) in patients undergoing non-cardiac vascular surgery, and conclude that BB may be protective against myocardial ischemia ... conclusion, we believe that perioperative use of BB should not be routinely used in vascular and endovascular surgery. Future research should focus on potential beneficial effects in selected groups of

Xenografts in septic vascular surgery

Background In general, autologous veins are the optimal replacement material for an infected vascular graft in terms of handling, durability and resistance to reinfection. In the absence of suitable ... aneurysm formation, as well as high occlusion rates (particularly in peripheral areas). In view of the age and comorbidity-related reduction in life expectancy among patients requiring vascular surgery due

Dilating Vascular Diseases: Pathophysiology and Clinical Aspects

territory is another vessel disease. Varicocele, pelvic, and peripheral varicose veins and hemorrhoids are aneurysms of the venous vascular regions and have been defined as dilating venous disease, recently ... Arterial Diseases, in collaboration with the European Society for Vascular Surgery (ESVS)Document covering atherosclerotic disease of extracranial carotid and vertebral, mesenteric, renal, upper and lower

Vascular Oxidative Stress: Pharmacological and Nonpharmacological Approaches

. Vasorelaxant molecules, such as nitric oxide (NO), hydrogen sulfide (H2S), and prostaglandin I2 (PGI2), play a fundamental role in the regulation of vascular tone and are especially damaged by excessive

The endovascular performance spectrum of vascular surgery departments in Germany

Aim To survey the scope of vascular surgery services in Germany. Method A total of 308 senior German vascular surgeons received a 19-point questionnaire pertaining to department structure and scope ... %) aortofemoral bypass and 5.1 % a hybrid procedure. The CRITISCH study [ 2 ], which was supported by the German Society for Vascular Surgery and Vascular Medicine (Deutsche Gesellschaft für Gefäßchirurgie und

Preoperative optimization of the vascular surgery patient

Preoperative optimization of the vascular surgery patient Henry T Zhan,1 Seth T Purcell,1,2 Ruth L Bush1 1Texas A&M Health Science Center College of Medicine, Bryan, 2Baylor Scott and White, Temple ... addition to the many other complications they may sustain as they undergo vascular surgery procedures, regardless of whether the procedure is performed as an open or endovascular modality. As these patients

Damage Control Vascular Surgery in the Austere Environment

Managing vascular trauma in an austere environment with limited resources will challenge even the most seasoned surgeon. Successful management requires immediate hemorrhage control, and then, the ... and provides damage control techniques that can be applied in a wide array of trauma settings. Vascular; Injuries; Shunts; Damage control surgery; Ischemia; Limb; Trauma - Introduction The treatment

Comparison of Cardiac and Renal Involvement in Patients with Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm and Aorto-Illiac Occlusive Diseases who Underwent Elective Vascular Surgery

Vascular Surgery 0 The Center of Vascular and Heart diseases, Javakhishvili Tbilisi State University , Georgia Objective: The aim of this study is to assess comorbidities such as risk factors between ... al. ( 2003 ). Guidelines for the treatment of abdominal aortic aneurysms. Report of a subcommittee of the Joint Council of the American Association for Vascular Surgery and Society for Vascular Surgery

Randomized controlled trials: still the backbone of vascular surgery?

experience and (often) biased observational studies. This era began to end (in vascular surgery) following completion of the landmark randomized trials in carotid disease, which recruited patients throughout

Arteriovenous Malformation Pulmonary (AVM) in a Post-Cesarean Woman: Intensive Care and Urgent Surgery Operation

The AVM is a rare congenital disease that often affects the brain and only rarely we find in other organs. In this pathology there is an alteration of the vascular system, with the arteries ... , necessitating emergency surgery and subsequent intensive care. Keywords: Arteriovenus Malformations ,   Pulmonary AVM ,   Post-cesarean ,   Hemotorax ,   Hereditary haemorrhagic telangiectasia

Vascular neurocognitive disorders and the vascular risk factors

review presents the main etiological forms of dementia, which include Alzheimer form of dementia, vascular dementia, dementia associated with alpha-synucleionopathies, and mixed forms. Regarding vascular ... : Review Vascular neurocognitive the vascular risk factors 1Department of Neurology, 2Department of Internal Medicine, 3Department of Immunology, 4Department of

A Rare Case of Vascular Leiomyosarcoma Originating from a Branch Vessel of the External Iliac Vein

left external iliac vein. The patient has remained free from recurrence at 30 months after surgery. ... computed tomography scan showed abnormal integration at the tumor site. Before surgery, we discussed with the vascular surgeons how to deal with the left iliac vein. In general, blood vessel reconstruction

The European medical specialist examination in vascular surgery

discipline within the Union of European Medical Specialists (UEMS). In 2004, after the establishment of the division of vascular surgery in 1992 as a subunit of the UEMS section of surgery, it was then time ... (finally) for the introduction of the UEMS Section and Board of Vascular Surgery (UEMS-SBVS) [5]. Politically, this was a tremendously important step that has helped many European countries to establish

Effect of inhibition of CBP-coactivated β-catenin-mediated Wnt signalling in uremic rats with vascular calcifications

Uremic vascular calcification is a regulated cell-mediated process wherein cells in the arterial wall transdifferentiate to actively calcifying cells resulting in a process resembling bone formation ... administered at the time of surgery and daily for three days with the last dose given in the morning on the day of sacrifice. The vascular calcification study examined the effect of four weeks treatment with

Postconditioning in major vascular surgery: prevention of renal failure

: 3.28 ± 0.32 vs. PostC: 2.05 ± 0.56). Conclusions The results suggest a protective role for postconditioning in major vascular surgeries against renal complications through a possible alternative release ... renal function is a common observation after major vascular surgery [1]. The etiology and mechanisms of the perioperative renal dysfunction can be related to preexistent functional compromise

Vascular Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome Presenting as a Pulsatile Neck Mass: a Case Report and Review of Literature

. As described in this case, management of a suspected connective tissue disorder is a multidisciplinary approach including vascular surgery, medical therapy, and genetic testing to confirm the diagnosis ... , and vascular surgery were consulted. The patient’s clinical picture was thought to be most consistent with vEDS. After multidisciplinary discussions, the patient underwent an urgent open ligation of the

Hepatic Surgery in the Ussr

HEPATIC SURGERY IN THE USSR EDUARD I. GALPERIN SUREN R. KARAGIULIAN The history of hepatic surgery in the USSR goes back to the work of Russian surgeons in the late nineteenth century. The first ... successful liver resection was performed in Russia by N.V. Sklifosovsky in 1889, further contributions to surgery of the liver were made by M.M. Kuznetsov and V.R. Pensky who suggested the hepatic suture

Perioperative smoking cessation in vascular surgery: challenges with a randomized controlled trial

surgery. Methods A single-blinded randomized clinical trial conducted at two vascular surgery departments in Denmark. The intervention group was offered the Gold Standard Program (GSP) for smoking cessation ... were patients with planned open peripheral vascular surgery and who were daily smokers. According to the power calculation a total of 144 patients were needed in the trial. Results: Due to slow patient

Urine neutrophil gelatinase–associated lipocalin predicts outcome and renal failure in open and endovascular thoracic abdominal aortic aneurysm surgery

Urine neutrophil gelatinase–associated lipocalin (uNGAL) has been evaluated as a biomarker for AKI detection and adverse outcome in open and endovascular thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm surgery ... Kidney Injury (AKI) after Endovascular Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Repair (EVAR) and Impact on Outcome. European journal of vascular and endovascular surgery: the official journal of the European Society for