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The RNA-binding protein Rbfox1 regulates splicing required for skeletal muscle structure and function

The Rbfox family of RNA-binding proteins is highly conserved with established roles in alternative splicing (AS) regulation. High-throughput studies aimed at understanding transcriptome remodeling have revealed skeletal muscle as displaying one of the largest number of AS events. This finding is consistent with requirements for tissue-specific protein isoforms needed to sustain ...

Parkinson's disease-linked human PARK9/ATP13A2 maintains zinc homeostasis and promotes α-Synuclein externalization via exosomes

α-Synuclein plays a central causative role in Parkinson's disease (PD). Increased expression of the P-type ATPase ion pump PARK9/ATP13A2 suppresses α-Synuclein toxicity in primary neurons. Our data indicate that ATP13A2 encodes a zinc pump; neurospheres from a compound heterozygous ATP13A2−/− patient and ATP13A2 knockdown cells are sensitive to zinc, whereas ATP13A2 over-expression ...

CUGBP1 overexpression in mouse skeletal muscle reproduces features of myotonic dystrophy type 1

The neuromuscular disease myotonic dystrophy type I (DM1) affects multiple organ systems with the major symptoms being severe muscle weakness, progressive muscle wasting and myotonia. The causative mutation in DM1 is a CTG repeat expansion in the 3′-untranslated region of the DM protein kinase (DMPK) gene. RNA transcribed from the expanded allele contains the expanded CUG repeats ...

Heart-specific overexpression of CUGBP1 reproduces functional and molecular abnormalities of myotonic dystrophy type 1

Myotonic dystrophy type 1 (DM1) is caused by a CTG expansion within the 3′-untranslated region of the DMPK gene. The predominant mechanism of pathogenesis is a toxic gain of function of CUG repeat containing RNA transcribed from the expanded allele. The molecular mechanisms by which the RNA containing expanded repeats produce pathogenic effects include: sequestration of ...

Expression, localization and tau exon 10 splicing activity of the brain RNA-binding protein TNRC4

Elucidating the mechanisms of alternative splicing in the brain is a prerequisite to the understanding of the pathogenesis of major neurological diseases linked to impairment of pre-mRNA alternative splicing. The gene trinucleotide repeat-containing 4 (TNRC4) is predicted to encode a member of the CELF (CUG-BP- and ETR-3-like factors) family of RNA-binding proteins containing a ...

Transgenic mice expressing CUG-BP1 reproduce splicing mis-regulation observed in myotonic dystrophy

Myotonic dystrophy type I (DM1) is an RNA-mediated disease caused by a non-coding CTG repeat expansion. A key feature of the RNA-mediated pathogenesis model for DM is the disrupted splicing of specific pre-mRNA targets. A link has been established between splicing regulation by CUG-BP1, a member of the CELF family of proteins, and DM1 pathogenesis. To determine whether increased ...

MBNL1 and CUGBP1 modify expanded CUG-induced toxicity in a Drosophila model of myotonic dystrophy type 1

Myotonic dystrophy type 1 (DM1) is a neuromuscular disorder caused by a CTG expansion in the 3′ UTR of the dystrophia myotonica protein kinase (DMPK) gene. It has been hypothesized that the pathogenesis in DM1 is triggered by a toxic gain of function of the expanded DMPK RNA. This expanded RNA is retained in nuclear foci where it sequesters and induces alterations in the levels of ...

Tagging-SNP haplotype analysis of the secretory PLA2IIa gene PLA2G2A shows strong association with serum levels of sPLA2IIa: results from the UDACS study

Recent prospective analysis identified secretory phospholipase A2-IIa (sPLA2IIa) as a coronary artery disease (CAD) risk predictor. This study aimed to examine the relationship between serum levels of sPLA2IIa and variation in the sPLA2IIa gene (PLA2G2A) in a cohort of patients with Type II diabetes (T2D) mellitus. Six tagging single nucleotide polymorphisms (tSNPs) accounting for ...

Positive associations between single nucleotide polymorphisms in the IGF2 gene region and body mass index in adult males

We previously demonstrated an association between the insulin-like growth factor 2 (IGF2) gene 3′-untranslated region (3′-UTR) ApaI polymorphism and body mass index (BMI) in over 2500 middle-aged Caucasoid males. In the same cohort, we have now tested association with 11 more markers, including seven novel single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), spanning >30 kb across the IGF2 ...

Tagging SNP haplotype analysis of the secretory PLA2-V gene, PLA2G5, shows strong association with LDL and oxLDL levels, suggesting functional distinction from sPLA2-IIA: results from the UDACS study

Animal and human studies suggest that both secretory PLA2 (sPLA2)-V and sPLA2-IIA (encoded, respectively, by the neighbouring PLA2G5 and PLA2G2A genes) contribute to atherogenesis. Elevated plasma sPLA2-IIA predicts coronary heart disease (CHD) risk, but no mass assay for sPLA2-V is available. We previously reported that tagging single nucleotide polymorphism (tSNP) haplotypes of ...