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15 papers found.
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Muscleblind-like 1 activates insulin receptor exon 11 inclusion by enhancing U2AF65 binding and splicing of the upstream intron

Alternative splicing regulates developmentally and tissue-specific gene expression programs, disruption of which have been implicated in numerous diseases. Muscleblind-like 1 (MBNL1) regulates splicing transitions, which are disrupted on loss of MBNL1 function in myotonic dystrophy type 1 (DM1). One such event is MBNL1-mediated activation of insulin receptor exon 11 inclusion, ...

GEneSTATION 1.0: a synthetic resource of diverse evolutionary and functional genomic data for studying the evolution of pregnancy-associated tissues and phenotypes

Mammalian gestation and pregnancy are fast evolving processes that involve the interaction of the fetal, maternal and paternal genomes. Version 1.0 of the GEneSTATION database (http://genestation.org) integrates diverse types of omics data across mammals to advance understanding of the genetic basis of gestation and pregnancy-associated phenotypes and to accelerate the translation ...

Ribonuclease L and metal-ion–independent endoribonuclease cleavage sites in host and viral RNAs

Ribonuclease L (RNase L) is a metal-ion–independent endoribonuclease associated with antiviral and antibacterial defense, cancer and lifespan. Despite the biological significance of RNase L, the RNAs cleaved by this enzyme are poorly defined. In this study, we used deep sequencing methods to reveal the frequency and location of RNase L cleavage sites within host and viral RNAs. To ...

CUGBP2 directly interacts with U2 17S snRNP components and promotes U2 snRNA binding to cardiac troponin T pre-mRNA

the tissuespecific splicing factors Fox-1 and Fox-2. Genes Dev ., 22 , 2550 - 2563 . 41. Castle , J.C. , Zhang , C. , Shah , J.K. , Kulkarni , A.V. , Kalsotra , A. , Cooper , T.A. and Johnson , J.M

Identification of MBNL1 and MBNL3 domains required for splicing activation and repression

Muscleblind-like 1 (MBNL1) is a splicing regulator that controls developmentally regulated alternative splicing of a large number of exons including exon 11 of the Insulin Receptor (IR) gene and exon 5 of the cardiac Troponin T (cTNT) gene. There are three paralogs of MBNL in humans, all of which promote IR exon 11 inclusion and cTNT exon 5 skipping. Here, we identify a cluster of ...

Direct evidence of nuclear Argonaute distribution during transcriptional silencing links the actin cytoskeleton to nuclear RNAi machinery in human cells

Mammalian RNAi machinery facilitating transcriptional gene silencing (TGS) is the RNA-induced transcriptional gene silencing-like (RITS-like) complex, comprising of Argonaute (Ago) and small interfering RNA (siRNA) components. We have previously demonstrated promoter-targeted siRNA induce TGS in human immunodeficiency virus type-1 (HIV-1) and simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV), ...

Identification of CELF splicing activation and repression domains in vivo

CUG-BP and ETR-3 like factor (CELF) proteins are regulators of pre-mRNA alternative splicing. We created a series of truncation mutants to identify the regions of CELF proteins that are required to activate and to repress alternative splicing of different exons. This analysis was performed in parallel on two CELF proteins, ETR-3 (CUG-BP2, NAPOR, BRUNOL3) and CELF4 (BRUNOL4). We ...

A bichromatic fluorescent reporter for cell-based screens of alternative splicing

Alternative splicing is the primary source of proteome complexity in metazoans and its regulation shapes the proteome in response to shifting physiological requirements. We developed a bichromatic splicing reporter that uses a peculiar feature of some fluorescent protein coding regions to express two different fluorescent proteins from a single alternative splicing event. The ...

Global regulation of alternative splicing during myogenic differentiation

alternative splicing in the human genome? Trends Genet ., 20 , 68 - 71 . 22. Castle , J.C. , Zhang , C. , Shah , J.K. , Kulkarni , A.V. , Kalsotra , A. , Cooper , T.A. and Johnson , J.M. ( 2008 ) Expression of

ETR‐3 and CELF4 protein domains required for RNA binding and splicing activity in vivo

Members of the CUG‐BP and ETR‐3 like factor (CELF) protein family bind within conserved intronic elements (called MSEs) flanking the cardiac troponin T (cTNT) alternative exon 5 and promote exon inclusion in vivo and in vitro. Here we use a comparative deletion analysis of two family members (ETR‐3 and CELF4) to identify separate domains required for RNA binding and splicing ...

GlycoSuiteDB: a curated relational database of glycoprotein glycan structures and their biological sources. 2003 update

GlycoSuiteDB is an annotated and curated relational database of glycan structures reported in the literature. It contains information on the glycan type, core type, linkages and anomeric configurations, mass, composition and the analytical methods used by the researchers to determine the glycan structure. Native and recombinant sources are detailed, including species, tissue and/or ...

GlycoSuiteDB: a new curated relational database of glycoprotein glycan structures and their biological sources

GlycoSuiteDB is a relational database that curates information from the scientific literature on glyco­protein derived glycan structures, their biological sources, the references in which the glycan was described and the methods used to determine the glycan structure. To date, the database includes most published O-linked oligosaccharides from the last 50 years and most N-linked ...

Kinetic analysis of high-mobility-group proteins HMG-1 and HMG-I/Y binding to cholesterol-tagged DNA on a supported lipid monolayer

High-mobility-group proteins HMG-1 and HMG-I/Y bind to multiple sites within a 268 bp A/T-rich enhancer element of the pea plastocyanin gene (PetE). Within a 31 bp region of the enhancer, the binding site for HMG-1 overlaps with the binding site for HMG-I/Y. The kinetics of binding and the affinities of HMG-1 and HMG-I/Y for the 31 bp DNA were determined using surface plasmon ...

The salt dependence of DNA recognition by N-κB p50: A detailed kinetic analysis of the effects on affinity and specificity

The binding kinetics of NF-κB p50 to the Ig-κB site and to a DNA duplex with no specific binding site were determined under varying conditions of potassium chloride concentration using a surface plasmon resonance biosensor. Association and dissociation rate constants were measured enabling calculation of the dissociation constants. Under previously established high affinity buffer ...

Cis requirements for alternative splicing of the cardiac troponin T pre–mRNA

The cardiac troponin T (cTNT) pre-mRNA splices 17 exons contiguously but alternatively splices (includes or excludes) the fifth exon. Because both alternative splice products are processed from the same pre-mRNA species, the cTNT pre-mRNA must contain cis-acting sequences which specify exon 5 as an alternative exon. A cTNT minigene (SM-1) transfected into cultured cells produces ...