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-OMICS AND PROGNOSTIC MARKERS

PSEUDOPALISADING CELLS Daniel J. Brat, Lee A. Cooper, David A. Gutman, Candace S. Chisolm, Christina Appin, Jun Kong, Tahsin Kurc, Erwin G. Van Meir, Joel H. Saltz, and Carlos S. Moreno; Emory University, Atlanta

A Novel Role for the GTPase-Activating Protein Bud2 in the Spindle Position Checkpoint

The spindle position checkpoint (SPC) ensures correct mitotic spindle position before allowing mitotic exit in the budding yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae. In a candidate screen for checkpoint genes, we identified bud2Δ as deficient for the SPC. Bud2 is a GTPase activating protein (GAP), and the only known substrate of Bud2 was Rsr1/Bud1, a Ras-like GTPase and a central component of ...

A Prospective, Randomized Trial of Structured Treatment Interruption for Patients with Chronic HIV Type 1 Infection

Background. Structured treatment interruption was evaluated in 74 patients who had been pretreated with antiretrovirals, consisting of 2 nucleoside reverse-transcriptase inhibitors (NRTIs) for 1 year followed by 3 years of highly active antiretroviral therapy containing a protease inhibitor. Methods. Patients with a CD4 cell count of ⩾350 cells/µL and a plasma viral load of <50 ...

A Sentencing Problem: How Far Is a Fall from Grace

Cleveland State Law Review H. H. A. Cooper 0 Court of Criminal Appeal Act, 1907, as modified by the Court of Criminal Appeal Act , 1964 1 Regina v. McConnach , The Times Law Report, 21st 2 Visiting Prof. of

A bichromatic fluorescent reporter for cell-based screens of alternative splicing

Alternative splicing is the primary source of proteome complexity in metazoans and its regulation shapes the proteome in response to shifting physiological requirements. We developed a bichromatic splicing reporter that uses a peculiar feature of some fluorescent protein coding regions to express two different fluorescent proteins from a single alternative splicing event. The ...

A cluster randomized trial of standard quality improvement versus patient-centered interventions to enhance depression care for African Americans in the primary care setting: study protocol NCT00243425

Background Several studies document disparities in access to care and quality of care for depression for African Americans. Research suggests that patient attitudes and clinician communication behaviors may contribute to these disparities. Evidence links patient-centered care to improvements in mental health outcomes; therefore, quality improvement interventions that enhance this ...

A common mitochondrial DNA variant is associated with insulin resistance in adult life

Mitochondrial DNA is maternally inherited. Mitochondrial DNA mutations could contribute to the excess of maternal over paternal inheritance of non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM). We therefore investigated the relationship between this variant, insulin resistance and other risk factors in a cohort which had been well characterised with respect to diabetes. Blood DNA was ...

A hypomorphic allele of dab1 reveals regional differences in reelin-Dab1 signaling during brain development

Tara M. Herrick 0 Jonathan A. Cooper ) 0 0 Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center , 1100 Fairview Avenue N, Seattle, WA 98109 , USA signaling during brain development - The disabled 1 (Dab1) p80

A multi-level system quality improvement intervention to reduce racial disparities in hypertension care and control: study protocol

Background Racial disparities in blood pressure control have been well documented in the United States. Research suggests that many factors contribute to this disparity, including barriers to care at patient, clinician, healthcare system, and community levels. To date, few interventions aimed at reducing hypertension disparities have addressed factors at all of these levels. This ...

A multiprocessor system for generating visual displays and controlling experiments

A laboratory is described that is based on an IMSAI 8080 microcomputer and an IMLAC graphics display system. Procedures for using the system are described and illustrated.

A randomized controlled trial of interventions to enhance patient-physician partnership, patient adherence and high blood pressure control among ethnic minorities and poor persons: study protocol NCT00123045

Background Disparities in health and healthcare are extensively documented across clinical conditions, settings, and dimensions of healthcare quality. In particular, studies show that ethnic minorities and persons with low socioeconomic status receive poorer quality of interpersonal or patient-centered care than whites and persons with higher socioeconomic status. Strong evidence ...

A salmonid EST genomic study: genes, duplications, phylogeny and microarrays

Background Salmonids are of interest because of their relatively recent genome duplication, and their extensive use in wild fisheries and aquaculture. A comprehensive gene list and a comparison of genes in some of the different species provide valuable genomic information for one of the most widely studied groups of fish. Results 298,304 expressed sequence tags (ESTs) from Atlantic ...

AIDS Vaccine for Asia Network (AVAN): Expanding the Regional Role in Developing HIV Vaccines

Yiming Shao and colleagues describe the work of AVAN, the AIDS Vaccine for Asia Network, which aims to strengthen its regional efforts in finding an AIDS vaccine.

ANGPTL4 variants E40K and T266M are associated with lower fasting triglyceride levels in Non-Hispanic White Americans from the Look AHEAD Clinical Trial

Background Elevated triglyceride levels are a risk factor for cardiovascular disease. Angiopoietin-like protein 4 (Angptl4) is a metabolic factor that raises plasma triglyceride levels by inhibiting lipoprotein lipase (LPL). In non-diabetic individuals, the ANGPTL4 coding variant E40K has been associated with lower plasma triglyceride levels while the T266M variant has been ...

Acute Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Disease as a Mononucleosis-Like Illness: Is the Diagnosis Too Restrictive?

The purpose of this study was to describe the frequency and duration of clinical features at the time of acute human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) disease in 218 patients with documented symptomatic primary HIV-1 infection. The mean duration of acute HIV-1 disease was 25.1 days (median, 20.0 days) and did not differ by gender, age, and risk factor. The frequency and mean ...

Administration of Imiquimod, an Interferon Inducer, in Asymptomatic Human Immunodeficiency Virus—Infected Persons to Determine Safety and Biologic Response Modification

A phase I study to determine safety, maximum tolerated dose, and biologic response during multiple once-a-week administration of oral imiquimod, an immune response modifier, was conducted in 12 adults with early human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. All completed the dose-escalation phase of weekly dosing at 100-mg increments and received at least one maintenance dose, 100 ...

Alterations in the Immune Response of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)-Infected Subjects Treated with an HIV-Specific Protease Inhibitor, Ritonavir

D. A. Cooper 0 1 0 Received 25 May 1995; revised 4 October 1995. Presented in part: 2nd National Conference on Human Retroviruses and Related Infection , Washington, DC, 29 January-2 February 1995

Altered Myocellular and Abdominal Fat Partitioning Predict Disturbance in Insulin Action in HIV Protease Inhibitor-Related Lipodystrophy

HIV protease inhibitor-related lipodystrophy is characterized by peripheral fat loss, hyperlipidemia, and insulin resistance. Increased availability of lipid to muscle may be one of the mechanisms that induce insulin resistance. Regional fat, intramyocellular lipid (by 1H-magnetic resonance spectroscopy), serum lipids, and insulin-stimulated glucose disposal (by ...

Association of TERC and OBFC1 Haplotypes with Mean Leukocyte Telomere Length and Risk for Coronary Heart Disease

infarction . Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol 23 : 842 - 846 . doi:10.1161/01.ATV. 0000067426.96344.32. PubMed: 12649083 . 9. Maubaret CG , Salpea KD , Jain A , Cooper JA , Hamsten A et al. ( 2010 ) Telomeres are

Automatization and perceptual restructuring performance across the menstrual cycle

The cognitive performance of undergraduate psychology women (n=49) and men (n=48) was assessed using standardized automatization and perceptual restructuring measures. Women were classified into five groups based on the phase of the menstrual cycle they were experiencing at the time of testing. Results showed that the automatization performance of women who were expecting to ...