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Nutrition and physical activity in the prevention and treatment of sarcopenia: systematic review

Summary This systematic review summarizes the effect of combined exercise and nutrition intervention on muscle mass and muscle function. A total of 37 RCTs were identified. Results indicate that physical exercise has a positive impact on muscle mass and muscle function in subjects aged 65 years and older. However, any interactive effect of dietary supplementation appears to be ...

Approaches to improving the contribution of the nursing and midwifery workforce to increasing universal access to primary health care for vulnerable populations: a systematic review

Health Organization; 2013 . 22. Whelan A , Dawson A . Nursing and midwifery workforce and universal health coverage background paper for the WHO Global Forum for Government Chief Nursing and Midwifery

A multiplex set for microsatellite typing and sexing of the European bee-eater (Merops apiaster)

Microsatellite loci are widely used in ecological and evolutionary studies to assess inbreeding, genetic parentage and population structure. Such loci are often optimised in multiplexes to allow for economical and efficient use. Here, we tested 11 microsatellite loci designed for use in European bee-eaters (Merops apiaster), along with 31 loci isolated in other species, for their ...

Autosomal and Z-linked microsatellite markers enhanced for cross-species utility and assessed in a range of birds, including species of conservation concern

Microsatellite markers were designed to be of utility for genotyping multiple species of birds, including those of conservation concern, hence saving resources and enabling species/genome comparisons. We used the proven approach of Dawson et al. (Mol Ecol Resour 10:475–494, 2010) and assessed markers in multiple species, including nine species of conservation interest. We ensured ...

Conserved microsatellite markers of high cross-species utility for flying, ground and tree squirrels

. A. Dawson G. J. Horsburgh NERC Biomolecular Analysis Facility, Department of Animal and Plant Sciences, University of Sheffield , Western Bank, Sheffield, South Yorkshire S10 2TN , UK 1 S. Jumpa C

A multiplex microsatellite set for non-invasive genotyping and sexing of the osprey (Pandion haliaetus)

Institute for Nature Research (NINA) , 7485 Trondheim , Norway 2 & Deborah A. Dawson 3 Department of Genetics, University of Leicester , Leicester LE1 7RH , UK 4 Department of Biology, University of Aveiro

Microarray-based characterization of differential gene expression during vocal fold wound healing in rats

The vocal fold (VF) mucosa confers elegant biomechanical function for voice production but is susceptible to scar formation following injury. Current understanding of VF wound healing is hindered by a paucity of data and is therefore often generalized from research conducted in skin and other mucosal systems. Here, using a previously validated rat injury model, expression ...

A marker suitable for sex-typing birds from degraded samples

. Dawson (&) N. Dos Remedios G. J. Horsburgh NERC Biomolecular Analysis Facility, Department of Animal and Plant Sciences, University of Sheffield , Western Bank, Sheffield S10 2TN , UK A new primer set was

MC2: boosted AGN and star formation activity in CIZA J2242.8+5301, a massive post-merger cluster at z = 0.19★

Cluster mergers may play a fundamental role in the formation and evolution of cluster galaxies. Stroe et al. revealed unexpected overdensities of candidate Hα emitters near the ∼1-Mpc-wide shock fronts of the massive (∼2 × 1015 M⊙) ‘Sausage’ merging cluster, CIZA J2242.8+5301. We used the Keck/Deep Imaging Multi-Object Spectrograph and the William Herschel Telescope/AutoFib2+WYFFOS ...

Bromodomains as therapeutic targets in cancer

Isaia Barbieri Ester Cannizzaro Mark A. Dawson The malleability of the epigenome has long been recognized as a unique opportunity for therapeutic intervention. Interest in targeting components of ... molecule inhibitors to BRD proteins. FUNDING Isaia Barbieri is funded by Leukaemia and Lymphoma Research UK, Ester Cannizzaro and Mark A. Dawson are funded by The Wellcome Trust. Mark A. Dawson is a

High Content Analysis Provides Mechanistic Insights on the Pathways of Toxicity Induced by Amine-Modified Polystyrene Nanoparticles

. O'Brien 0 Kenneth A. Dawson 0 Salik Hussain, National Institute of Health (NIH), United States of America 0 1 Centre for BioNano Interactions, School of Chemistry and Chemical Biology, University College ... of nanoparticles . J Am Chem Soc 133 : 2525 - 2534 . 19. Monopoli MP , Aberg C , Salvati A , Dawson KA ( 2012 ) Biomolecular coronas provide the biological identity of nanosized materials . Nat

R/EBcoexpress: an empirical Bayesian framework for discovering differential co-expression

John A. Dawson Shuyun Ye Christina Kendziorski 0 Associate Editor: Trey Ideker 0 Biostatistics and Medical Informatics, University of Wisconsin-Madison , Madison, WI 53706 , USA Summary: R

Exposing the hidden white dwarf binary origin by means of a synthetic population model for nearby single stars

We present a new synthetic population model for local thin-disc (d≤ 100 pc) single-star white dwarfs (WDs), including effective temperature and mass distribution. The only two parameters of the synthetic population model are the initial mass function (IMF) and the star-formation rate (SFR). Depletion losses through kinematic heating of the stellar ‘gas’ vertical to the Galactic ...

High Risks of Losing Genetic Diversity in an Endemic Mauritian Gecko: Implications for Conservation

Genetic structure can be a consequence of recent population fragmentation and isolation, or a remnant of historical localised adaptation. This poses a challenge for conservationists since misinterpreting patterns of genetic structure may lead to inappropriate management. Of 17 species of reptile originally found in Mauritius, only five survive on the main island. One of these, ...

Unique aspects of fiber degradation by the ruminal ethanologen Ruminococcus albus 7 revealed by physiological and transcriptomic analysis

Background Bacteria in the genus Ruminococcus are ubiquitous members of the mammalian gastrointestinal tract. In particular, they are important in ruminants where they digest a wide range of plant cell wall polysaccharides. For example, Ruminococcus albus 7 is a primary cellulose degrader that produces acetate usable by its bovine host. Moreover, it is one of the few organisms that ...

Long term control of a maxillary sinus mucoepidermoid carcinoma with low dose radiation therapy: a case report

Mucoepidermoid carcinoma of the maxillary sinus is a rare malignancy of the head and neck. The location of this tumour near vital structures and its large size at presentation makes surgical resection with negative margins challenging. In incurable cases, relief from symptoms such as epistaxis may be achieved with radiation therapy. We present a case of mucoepidermoid carcinoma of ...

Electrode Erosion Observed in Electrohydraulic Discharges Used in Pulsed Sheet Metal Forming

John J.F. Bonnen Sergey F. Golovashchenko Scott A. Dawson Alexander V. Mamutov In this paper, we present results of electrode durability testing and electrode design in a pulsed electrohydraulic

Ventilation Onset Prior to Umbilical Cord Clamping (Physiological-Based Cord Clamping) Improves Systemic and Cerebral Oxygenation in Preterm Lambs

Background As measurement of arterial oxygen saturation (SpO2) is common in the delivery room, target SpO2 ranges allow clinicians to titrate oxygen therapy for preterm infants in order to achieve saturation levels similar to those seen in normal term infants in the first minutes of life. However, the influence of the onset of ventilation and the timing of cord clamping on systemic ...

Hybridization but No Evidence for Backcrossing and Introgression in a Sympatric Population of Great Reed Warblers and Clamorous Reed Warblers

Hybridization is observed frequently in birds, but often it is not known whether the hybrids are fertile and if backcrossing occurs. The breeding ranges of the great reed warbler (Acrocephalus arundinaceus) and the clamorous reed warbler (A. stentoreus) overlap in southern Kazakhstan and a previous study has documented hybridization in a sympatric population. In the present study, ...