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Personality traits in companion dogs—Results from the VIDOPET

Individual behavioural differences in pet dogs are of great interest from a basic and applied research perspective. Most existing dog personality tests have specific (practical) goals in mind and so focused only on a limited aspect of dogs’ personality, such as identifying problematic (aggressive or fearful) behaviours, assessing suitability as working dogs, or improving the...

Full-field initialized decadal predictions with the MPI earth system model: an initial shock in the North Atlantic

Our decadal climate prediction system, which is based on the Max-Planck-Institute Earth System Model, is initialized from a coupled assimilation run that utilizes nudging to selected state parameters from reanalyses. We apply full-field nudging in the atmosphere and either full-field or anomaly nudging in the ocean. Full fields from two different ocean reanalyses are considered...

Unterarm und Handgelenk

Bei der Versorgung von Unterarmfrakturen müssen die Prinzipien der anatomischen Reposition Anwendung finden. Der Unterarm ist in seiner Funktion als Gelenkverbindung zu sehen, und es werden nur gute klinische Ergebnisse erzielt, wenn die Prinzipien der Behandlung der Unterarmschaftfrakturen denjenigen von Gelenkfrakturen entsprechen. Bei Unterarmverletzungen ist immer auch auf...

Hormonbehandlung bei Transgenderpatienten

Richtlinien Interessenkonflikt. K. Winkler-Crepaz, A. Müller, B. Böttcher und L. Wildt geben an, dass kein Interessenkonflikt besteht. Dieser Beitrag beinhaltet keine von den Autoren durchgeführten Studien an

Transcriptome profile of lung dendritic cells after in vitro porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) infection

The porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome (PRRS) is an infectious disease that leads to high financial and production losses in the global swine industry. The pathogenesis of this disease is dependent on a multitude of factors, and its control remains problematic. The immune system generally defends against infectious diseases, especially dendritic cells (DCs), which play...

Initialization shock in decadal hindcasts due to errors in wind stress over the tropical Pacific

Low prediction skill in the tropical Pacific is a common problem in decadal prediction systems, especially for lead years 2–5 which, in many systems, is lower than in uninitialized experiments. On the other hand, the tropical Pacific is of almost worldwide climate relevance through its teleconnections with other tropical and extratropical regions and also of importance for global...

Investigating emotional contagion in dogs (Canis familiaris) to emotional sounds of humans and conspecifics

Emotional contagion, a basic component of empathy defined as emotional state-matching between individuals, has previously been shown in dogs even upon solely hearing negative emotional sounds of humans or conspecifics. The current investigation further sheds light on this phenomenon by directly contrasting emotional sounds of both species (humans and dogs) as well as opposed...

Risk-factors for nodular hyperplasia of parathyroid glands in sHPT patients

Introduction Nodular hyperplasia of parathyroid glands (PG) is the most probable cause of medical treatment failure in secondary hyperparathyroidism (sHPT). This prospective cohort study is located at the interface of medical and surgical consideration of sHPT treatment options and identifies risk-factors for nodular hyperplasia of PG. Material and methods One-hundred-eight...

Two-month longitudinal study of mechanical properties of absorbable sutures used in orthopedic surgery

Background This is the first study assessing the properties of large-diameter degradable sutures relevant for orthopedic applications over the course of in vitro incubation for 2 months. The data we present here provide guidance to the orthopedic surgeon in predicting the long-term performance of suture materials used everyday in surgical practice. Methods Five different...

Isolation and characterization of Magnetospirillum sp. strain 15-1 as a representative anaerobic toluene-degrader from a constructed wetland model

Previously, Planted Fixed-Bed Reactors (PFRs) have been used to investigate microbial toluene removal in the rhizosphere of constructed wetlands. Aerobic toluene degradation was predominant in these model systems although bulk redox conditions were hypoxic to anoxic. However, culture-independent approaches indicated also that microbes capable of anaerobic toluene degradation were...

Impact of observed North Atlantic multidecadal variations to European summer climate: a linear baroclinic response to surface heating

The observed prominent multidecadal variations in the central to eastern (C–E) European summer temperature are closely related to the Atlantic multidecadal variability (AMV). Using the Twentieth Century Reanalysis project version 2 data for the period of 1930–2012, we present a mechanism by which the multidecadal variations in the C–E European summer temperature are associated to...

MERS-CoV

Müller BMC Infectious Diseases MERS-CoV Marcel A Müller 0 0 Institute of Virology, University of Bonn Medical Center , Bonn, 53113 , Germany - In 2002/03, a novel coronavirus (CoV) termed severe

Development of a high-throughput colorimetric Zika virus infection assay

Zika virus (ZIKV) is an emerging pathogen that causes congenital infections which may result in birth defects, such as microcephaly. Currently, no approved treatment or vaccination is available. ZIKV can be readily detected in cell culture where virally infected cells are normally stained by specific antibodies. As ZIKV regularly causes a cytopathic effect, we were wondering...

The Processing of Human Emotional Faces by Pet and Lab Dogs: Evidence for Lateralization and Experience Effects

From all non-human animals dogs are very likely the best decoders of human behavior. In addition to a high sensitivity to human attentive status and to ostensive cues, they are able to distinguish between individual human faces and even between human facial expressions. However, so far little is known about how they process human faces and to what extent this is influenced by...