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121 papers found.
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Investigating emotional contagion in dogs (Canis familiaris) to emotional sounds of humans and conspecifics

Emotional contagion, a basic component of empathy defined as emotional state-matching between individuals, has previously been shown in dogs even upon solely hearing negative emotional sounds of humans or conspecifics. The current investigation further sheds light on this phenomenon by directly contrasting emotional sounds of both species (humans and dogs) as well as opposed ...

Unterarm und Handgelenk

Bei der Versorgung von Unterarmfrakturen müssen die Prinzipien der anatomischen Reposition Anwendung finden. Der Unterarm ist in seiner Funktion als Gelenkverbindung zu sehen, und es werden nur gute klinische Ergebnisse erzielt, wenn die Prinzipien der Behandlung der Unterarmschaftfrakturen denjenigen von Gelenkfrakturen entsprechen. Bei Unterarmverletzungen ist immer auch auf ...

Initialization shock in decadal hindcasts due to errors in wind stress over the tropical Pacific

Low prediction skill in the tropical Pacific is a common problem in decadal prediction systems, especially for lead years 2–5 which, in many systems, is lower than in uninitialized experiments. On the other hand, the tropical Pacific is of almost worldwide climate relevance through its teleconnections with other tropical and extratropical regions and also of importance for global ...

Isolation and characterization of Magnetospirillum sp. strain 15-1 as a representative anaerobic toluene-degrader from a constructed wetland model

Previously, Planted Fixed-Bed Reactors (PFRs) have been used to investigate microbial toluene removal in the rhizosphere of constructed wetlands. Aerobic toluene degradation was predominant in these model systems although bulk redox conditions were hypoxic to anoxic. However, culture-independent approaches indicated also that microbes capable of anaerobic toluene degradation were ...

Two-month longitudinal study of mechanical properties of absorbable sutures used in orthopedic surgery

Background This is the first study assessing the properties of large-diameter degradable sutures relevant for orthopedic applications over the course of in vitro incubation for 2 months. The data we present here provide guidance to the orthopedic surgeon in predicting the long-term performance of suture materials used everyday in surgical practice. Methods Five different absorbable ...

Impact of observed North Atlantic multidecadal variations to European summer climate: a linear baroclinic response to surface heating

The observed prominent multidecadal variations in the central to eastern (C–E) European summer temperature are closely related to the Atlantic multidecadal variability (AMV). Using the Twentieth Century Reanalysis project version 2 data for the period of 1930–2012, we present a mechanism by which the multidecadal variations in the C–E European summer temperature are associated to a ...

Development of a high-throughput colorimetric Zika virus infection assay

Zika virus (ZIKV) is an emerging pathogen that causes congenital infections which may result in birth defects, such as microcephaly. Currently, no approved treatment or vaccination is available. ZIKV can be readily detected in cell culture where virally infected cells are normally stained by specific antibodies. As ZIKV regularly causes a cytopathic effect, we were wondering ...

MERS-CoV

Müller BMC Infectious Diseases MERS-CoV Marcel A Müller 0 0 Institute of Virology, University of Bonn Medical Center , Bonn, 53113 , Germany - In 2002/03, a novel coronavirus (CoV) termed severe

The Processing of Human Emotional Faces by Pet and Lab Dogs: Evidence for Lateralization and Experience Effects

From all non-human animals dogs are very likely the best decoders of human behavior. In addition to a high sensitivity to human attentive status and to ostensive cues, they are able to distinguish between individual human faces and even between human facial expressions. However, so far little is known about how they process human faces and to what extent this is influenced by ...

Aging effects on discrimination learning, logical reasoning and memory in pet dogs

In laboratory dogs, aging leads to a decline in various cognitive domains such as learning, memory and behavioural flexibility. However, much less is known about aging in pet dogs, i.e. dogs that are exposed to different home environments by their caregivers. We used tasks on a touchscreen apparatus to detect differences in various cognitive functions across pet Border Collies aged ...

Variable Expression of Neural Cell Adhesion Molecule Isoforms in Renal Tissue: Possible Role in Incipient Renal Fibrosis

Rare neural cell adhesion molecule (NCAM) positive cells have been previously described within the normal human adult kidney interstitium, speculating that they could increase in the interstitium with incipient interstitial renal fibrosis (IRF). In the present study, among 93 biopsy samples of various kidney diseases, NCAM+ interstitial cells were detected in 62.4% cases. An ...

Sensitivity of freshwaters to browning in response to future climate change

Many boreal waters are currently becoming browner with effects on biodiversity, fish production, biogeochemical processes and drinking water quality. The question arises whether and at which speed this browning will continue under future climate change. To answer the question we predicted the absorbance (a420) in 6347 lakes and streams of the boreal region under future climate ...

Genome-Wide Identification and Validation of Reference Genes in Infected Tomato Leaves for Quantitative RT-PCR Analyses

The Gram-negative bacterium Xanthomonas campestris pv. vesicatoria (Xcv) causes bacterial spot disease of pepper and tomato by direct translocation of type III effector proteins into the plant cell cytosol. Once in the plant cell the effectors interfere with host cell processes and manipulate the plant transcriptome. Quantitative RT-PCR (qRT-PCR) is usually the method of choice to ...