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Factors associated with cervical precancerous lesions among women screened for cervical cancer in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia: A case control study

Teame, Adamu Addissie, Ahmedin Jemal. Data curation: Hirut Teame, Adamu Addissie, Selamawit Hirpa. Formal analysis: Hirut Teame, Adamu Addissie, Wondimu Ayele, Selamawit Hirpa, Alem Gebremariam, Gdiom ... Gebreheat. Funding acquisition: Ahmedin Jemal. Investigation: Hirut Teame, Adamu Addissie, Selamawit Hirpa, Alem Gebremariam. Methodology: Hirut Teame, Adamu Addissie, Wondimu Ayele, Selamawit Hirpa, Alem

Cervical cancer patients presentation and survival in the only oncology referral hospital, Ethiopia: a retrospective cohort study

Women infected with Human Immune Deficiency Virus (HIV) are assumed to be at higher risk of developing Cervical Cancer (CC). This is due to a rapid progression of pre-invasive to invasive lesions. However, evidences suggest, due to the availability of antiretroviral therapy (ART) and care services; an improved survival and treatment outcome of CC patients (CCPs) with HIV...

Qat use and esophageal cancer in Ethiopia: A pilot case-control study

Background Qat (Catha edulis) chewing is reported to induce lesions in the buccal mucosa, irritation of the esophagus, and esophageal reflux. Case series suggest a possible etiological role in oral and esophageal cancers. This pilot study aimed to generate preliminary estimates of the magnitude and direction of the association between qat use and esophageal cancer (EC) risk and...

Health-Related Outcomes among the Poor: Medicaid Expansion vs. Non-Expansion States

Introduction States’ decisions not to expand Medicaid under the Affordable Care Act (ACA) could potentially affect access to care and health status among their low-income residents. Methods The 2010–2012 nationally representative Medical Expenditure Panel Survey data were analyzed in 2015 to compare 9755 low-income adults aged 18–64 years from Medicaid-expanding states with 7455...

Long-Term Realism and Cost-Effectiveness: Primary Prevention in Combatting Cancer and Associated Inequalities Worldwide

The global figure of 14 million new cancer cases in 2012 is projected to rise to almost 22 million by 2030, with the burden in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) shifting from 59% to 65% of all cancer cases worldwide over this time. While the overheads of cancer care are set to rapidly increase in all countries worldwide irrespective of income, the limited resources to...

Pancreatic Cancer Death Rates by Race Among US Men and Women, 1970–2009

please e-mail: . Pancreatic c ancer Death r ates by r ace Among US Men and Women, 1970-2009 0 Jiemin Ma , Rebecca Siegel, Ahmedin Jemal 1 Affiliations of authors: Surveillance and Health Services

Comparative Effectiveness of Laparoscopy vs Open Colectomy Among Nonmetastatic Colon Cancer Patients: An Analysis Using the National Cancer Data Base

Background: Randomized clinical trials showed that laparoscopic colectomy (LC) is superior to open colectomy (OC) in short-term surgical outcomes; however, the generalizability among real-world patients is not clear.

Utilization of Surveillance after Polypectomy in the Medicare Population – A Cohort Study

Background Surveillance in patients with previous polypectomy was underused in the Medicare population in 1994. This study investigates whether expansion of Medicare reimbursement for colonoscopy screening in high-risk individuals has reduced the inappropriate use of surveillance. Methods We used Kaplan-Meier analysis to estimate time to surveillance and polyp recurrence rates...

Widening Educational Disparities in Premature Death Rates in Twenty Six States in the United States, 1993–2007

Background Eliminating socioeconomic disparities in health is an overarching goal of the U.S. Healthy People decennial initiatives. We present recent trends in mortality by education among working-aged populations. Methods and Findings Age-standardized death rates and their average annual percent change for all-cause and five major causes (cancer, heart disease, stroke, diabetes...

The prevalence of estrogen receptor-negative breast cancer in Ethiopia

Background In contrast with breast cancers (BCs) in other parts of the world, most previous studies reported that the majority of BCs in sub-Saharan Africa are estrogen-receptor (ER) negative. However, a recent study using the US SEER database showed that the proportion of ER-negative BC is comparable between US-born blacks and West-African born blacks but substantially lower in...

Annual Report to the Nation on the Status of Cancer, 1975-2011, Featuring Incidence of Breast Cancer Subtypes by Race/Ethnicity, Poverty, and State

Background: The American Cancer Society (ACS), Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), National Cancer Institute (NCI), and North American Association of Central Cancer Registries (NAACCR) collaborate annually to produce updated, national cancer statistics. This Annual Report includes a focus on breast cancer incidence by subtype using new, national-level data.

Body Mass Index in Young Adulthood and Premature Death: Analyses of the US National Health Interview Survey Linked Mortality Files

affiliations: Department of Intramural Research, American Cancer Society , Atlanta, Georgia (Jiemin Ma, Elizabeth M. Ward, Ahmedin Jemal); and Departments of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Rollins School of

Declining Death Rates Reflect Progress against Cancer

Background The success of the “war on cancer” initiated in 1971 continues to be debated, with trends in cancer mortality variably presented as evidence of progress or failure. We examined temporal trends in death rates from all-cancer and the 19 most common cancers in the United States from 1970–2006. Methodology/Principal Findings We analyzed trends in age-standardized death...

Recent trends in breast cancer incidence rates by age and tumor characteristics among U.S. women

: Ahmedin Jemal 0 0 0 Epidemiology and Surveillance Research, American Cancer Society , 1599 Clifton Rd. NE, Atlanta, GA 30329 , USA Introduction A recent abstract presented in a breast cancer symposium

Secular Trends in Mortality From Common Cancers in the United States by Educational Attainment, 1993–2001

Background Death rates for the four major cancer sites (lung, breast, prostate, and colon and rectum) have declined steadily in the United States among persons aged 25–64 years since the early 1990s. We used national data to examine these trends in relation to educational attainment.

Changes in smoking prevalence among U.S. adults by state and region: Estimates from the Tobacco Use Supplement to the Current Population Survey, 1992-2007

Background Tobacco control policies at the state level have been a critical impetus for reduction in smoking prevalence. We examine the association between recent changes in smoking prevalence and state-specific tobacco control policies and activities in the entire U.S. Methods We analyzed the 1992-93, 1998-99, and 2006-07 Tobacco Use Supplement to the Current Population Survey...

The global burden of cancer: priorities for prevention

, USA 1 Michael J.Thun , John Oliver DeLancey, Melissa M.Center , Ahmedin Jemal and Elizabeth M.Ward Despite decreases in the cancer death rates in high-resource countries, such as the USA, the number of

Annual Report to the Nation on the Status of Cancer, 1975–2007, Featuring Tumors of the Brain and Other Nervous System

Background The American Cancer Society, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the National Cancer Institute, and the North American Association of Central Cancer Registries (NAACCR) collaborate annually to provide updated information on cancer occurrence and trends in the United States. This year’s report highlights brain and other nervous system (ONS) tumors...

Widening of Socioeconomic Inequalities in U.S. Death Rates, 1993–2001

BackgroundSocioeconomic inequalities in death rates from all causes combined widened from 1960 until 1990 in the U.S., largely because cardiovascular death rates decreased more slowly in lower than in higher socioeconomic groups. However, no studies have examined trends in inequalities using recent US national data.Methodology/Principal FindingsWe calculated annual age...

Annual Report to the Nation on the Status of Cancer, 1975–2009, Featuring the Burden and Trends in Human Papillomavirus (HPV)–Associated Cancers and HPV Vaccination Coverage Levels

Background The American Cancer Society (ACS), the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the National Cancer Institute (NCI), and the North American Association of Central Cancer Registries (NAACCR) collaborate annually to provide updates on cancer incidence and death rates and trends in these outcomes for the United States. This year’s report includes incidence trends...