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Adolescent religious attendance and spirituality—Are they associated with leisure-time choices?

Education, Youth and Sports (MEYS) under Contracts No. LG14042 and No. LG 14043. Author Contributions Conceptualization: Klara Malinakova, Andrea Madarasova Geckova, Jitse P. van Dijk, Peter Tavel. Data ... curation: Michal Kalman. Formal analysis: Klara Malinakova, Andrea Madarasova Geckova, Sijmen A. Reijneveld. Funding acquisition: Michal Kalman. Methodology: Jitse P. van Dijk, Peter Tavel. 11 / 14 Project

Participation in organized leisure-time activities and risk behaviors in Czech adolescents

Objectives The study aimed to assess the associations between participation in organized leisure-time activities (OLTA) and risk behaviors, and whether the associations differed by gender, age, and pattern of OLTA involvement. Methods Data from the 2013/2014 Health Behaviour in School-Aged Children study on 10,279 11-, 13-, and 15-year-old Czech adolescents (49.2% boys) were used...

Lack of parental rule-setting on eating is associated with a wide range of adolescent unhealthy eating behaviour both for boys and girls

Background Unhealthy eating habits in adolescence lead to a wide variety of health problems and disorders. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of absence of parental rules on eating and unhealthy eating behaviour and to explore the relationships between parental rules on eating and a wide range of unhealthy eating habits of boys and girls. We also explored the...

Regional mortality by socioeconomic factors in Slovakia: a comparison of 15 years of changes

Background Like most Central European countries Slovakia has experienced a period of socioeconomic changes and at the same time a decline in the mortality rate. Therefore, the aim is to study socioeconomic factors that changed over time and simultaneously contributed to regional differences in mortality. Methods The associations between selected socioeconomic indicators and the...

Is Participation in Organized Leisure-Time Activities Associated with School Performance in Adolescence?

Background Organized leisure-time activities (OLTA) have been identified as a context suitable for improvement of school performance. This study aimed to assess the associations between participation in OLTA and school engagement, school-related stress, academic achievement and whether these associations differ by specific pattern of OLTA participation, gender and age...

Inequalities in mortality by socioeconomic factors and Roma ethnicity in the two biggest cities in Slovakia: a multilevel analysis

Background The socioeconomic and ethnic composition of urban neighbourhoods may affect mortality, but evidence on Central European cities is lacking. The aim of this study was to assess the associations between socioeconomic and ethnic neighbourhood indicators and the mortality of individuals aged 20–64 years old in the two biggest cities of the Slovak Republic. Methods We...

The Spiritual Well-Being Scale: Psychometric Evaluation of the Shortened Version in Czech Adolescents

The aim of this study was to psychometrically evaluate the shortened version of the Spiritual Well-Being Scale (SWBS) in Czech adolescents. A nationally representative sample of 4217 adolescents participated in the 2014 Health Behaviour in School-aged Children survey. The internal consistency of the SWBS was assessed using Cronbach’s alpha (α) and Mean Inter-Item Correlation...

Differences between Roma and non-Roma in how social support from family and friends helps to overcome health care accessibility problems

, Medical Faculty, PJ Safarik University in Kosice. Her research is focused on health behaviour in school-aged children and the health of the Roma population. Prof. Andrea Madarasova Geckova, PhD., received

How parents can affect excessive spending of time on screen-based activities

Andrea Madarasova Geckova 0 2 0 Health Psychology Unit, Institute of Public Health, Faculty of Medicine, P.J. Safarik University in Kosice , Tr. SNP 1, Košice 041 01, Slovak Republic 1 Institute of Active

Socioeconomic gradient shifts in health-related behaviour among Slovak adolescents between 1998 and 2006

Objectives We aimed to assess the development of the socioeconomic gradient in health-related behaviour (HRB) among Slovak adolescents between 1998 and 2006. Methods Data were collected in 1998 (n = 2,616; 14.9 ± 0.6 years) and in 2006 (n = 1,081; 14.3 ± 0.6 years). ORs of socioeconomic differences—as measured by parental education—were calculated for each cohort in smoking...

Erratum to: Degree of urbanization and gender differences in substance use among Slovak adolescents

, PJ Safarik University Kosice , Trieda SNP 1, 040 11 Kosice , Slovakia Unfortunately, first names and surnames of the authors were written incorrectly. They should read Lukas Pitel, Andrea Madarasova ... Geckova, Jitse P. van Dijk, Sijmen A. Reijneveld.

Degree of urbanization and gender differences in substance use among Slovak adolescents

Objectives Substance use among adolescents varies with gender and between countries. Urbanization may contribute to this. The aim of our study is to explore the association between the degree of urbanization and gender differences in adolescent smoking, binge drinking, and cannabis use. Methods A cross-sectional questionnaire survey of Slovak adolescents was used (N = 3,493; mean...

Regional socioeconomic indicators and ethnicity as predictors of regional infant mortality rate in Slovakia

Objective Exploring the associations of regional differences in infant mortality with selected socioeconomic indicators and ethnicity could offer important clues for designing public health policy measures. Methods Data included perinatal and infant mortality in the 79 districts of the Slovak population in 2004. Linear regression was used to analyse the contribution of education...

Does social support mediate or moderate socioeconomic differences in self-rated health among adolescents?

Objective Social support is assumed to be a protective social determinant of health. The aim of this cross-sectional study was to explore whether social support from the father, mother and friends mediates or moderates the association between socioeconomic position and self-rated health among adolescents. Methods The sample consisted of 1,863 secondary school students from the...

Factors associated with educational aspirations among adolescents: cues to counteract socioeconomic differences?

Background Our study aims to follow this effort and to explore the association between health, socioeconomic background, school-related factors, social support and adolescents' sense of coherence and educational aspirations among adolescents from different educational tracks and to contribute to the existing body of knowledge on the role of educational aspirations in the social...

Influence of parental employment status on Dutch and Slovak adolescents' health

Background Recent research shows the possibility that the link between parental employment status and children's health can be affected by different cultural or societal settings. The aim of this study was to explore whether the effect of father's and mother's employment status on several aspects of adolescents' health differs between Slovakia and the Netherlands. Methods Two...

Do dialysis- and transplantation-related medical factors affect perceived health status?

Background. Quality of life and perceived health status (PHS) are important indicators of patient care together with morbidity, mortality and health-care resource utilization. The aim of this study is to explore how various medical conditions might influence perceived health status. Methods. The study sample consisted of 128 kidney transplant recipients. PHS was measured using...