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Measuring quality of life in opioid-dependent people: a systematic review of assessment instruments

Purpose Opioid dependence is a chronic relapsing disorder. Despite increasing research on quality of life (QOL) in people with opioid dependence, little attention has been paid to the instruments used. This systematic review examines the suitability of QOL instruments for use in opioid-dependent populations and the instruments’ quality. Methods A systematic search was performed in ...

A Systematic Literature Review of Self-Reported Smoking Cessation Counseling by Primary Care Physicians

Tobacco consumption is a risk factor for chronic diseases and worldwide around six million people die from long-term exposure to first- or second-hand smoke annually. One effective approach to tobacco control is smoking cessation counseling by primary care physicians. However, research suggests that smoking cessation counseling is not sufficiently implemented in primary care. In ...

How Does a Shared Decision-Making (SDM) Intervention for Oncologists Affect Participation Style and Preference Matching in Patients with Breast and Colon Cancer?

The aims of this study are to assess patients’ preferred and perceived decision-making roles and preference matching in a sample of German breast and colon cancer patients and to investigate how a shared decision-making (SDM) intervention for oncologists influences patients’ preferred and perceived decision-making roles and the attainment of preference matches. This study is a post ...

Patient Preferences and Shared Decision Making in the Treatment of Substance Use Disorders: A Systematic Review of the Literature

Angela Buchholz 0 1 0 Editor: Gabriele Fischer, Medical University of Vienna , AUSTRIA 1 Department of Medical Psychology, University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf , Hamburg , Germany An electronic

Evaluating a collaborative smoking cessation intervention in primary care (ENTER): study protocol for a cluster-randomized controlled trial

Background Tobacco consumption is a preventable risk factor for chronic disease and complicates the treatment of medical conditions. Therefore, the German health insurance company AOK NORDWEST has developed a collaborative smoking cessation intervention for individuals with cardiovascular disease, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and heavy smokers, with the aim of reducing ...

Basing information on comprehensive, critically appraised, and up-to-date syntheses of the scientific evidence: a quality dimension of the International Patient Decision Aid Standards

Background Patients and clinicians expect patient decision aids to be based on the best available research evidence. Since 2005, this expectation has translated into a quality dimension of the International Patient Decision Aid Standards. Methods We reviewed the 2005 standards and the available literature on the evidence base of decision aids as well as searched for parallel ...

Placement matching of alcohol-dependent patients based on a standardized intake assessment: rationale and design of a randomized controlled trial

Background Despite considerable research on substance-abuse placement matching, evidence is still inconclusive. The aims of this exploratory trial are to evaluate (a) the effects of following matching guidelines on health-care costs and heavy drinking, and (b) factors affecting the implementation of matching guidelines in the treatment of alcohol-dependent patients. Methods A total ...

Balancing the presentation of information and options in patient decision aids: an updated review

Jennifer Blumenthal-Barby Paulina Bravo Angela Buchholz Elissa Ozanne Dale Colins Vidal Nananda Col Peep Stalmeier 0 Nursing, Midwifery and Allied Health Professions Research Unit, University of Stirling

Shared decision-making in antihypertensive therapy: a cluster randomised controlled trial

Background Hypertension is one of the key factors causing cardiovascular diseases. A substantial proportion of treated hypertensive patients do not reach recommended target blood pressure values. Shared decision making (SDM) is to enhance the active role of patients. As until now there exists little information on the effects of SDM training in antihypertensive therapy, we tested ...

Implementation of shared decision making by physician training to optimise hypertension treatment. Study protocol of a cluster-RCT

Background Hypertension is one of the key factors causing cardiovascular diseases which make up the most frequent cause of death in industrialised nations. However about 60% of hypertensive patients in Germany treated with antihypertensives do not reach the recommended target blood pressure. The involvement of patients in medical decision making fulfils not only an ethical ...