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Search: authors:"Aren van Waarde"

10 papers found.
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PET Imaging with S-[11C]Methyl-L-Cysteine and L-[Methyl-11C]Methionine in Rat Models of Glioma, Glioma Radiotherapy, and Neuroinflammation

Purpose S-[11C]-methyl-L-cysteine ([11C]MCYS) has been claimed to offer higher tumor selectivity than L-[methyl- 11C]methionine ([11C]MET). We examined this claim in animal models. Procedures Rats with implanted untreated (n = 10) or irradiated (n = 7, 1 × 25 Gy, on day 8) orthotopic gliomas were scanned after 6, 9, and 12 days, using positron emission tomography. Rats with...

P-glycoprotein Function in the Rodent Brain Displays a Daily Rhythm, a Quantitative In Vivo PET Study

The blood-brain barrier (BBB) contributes to brain homeostasis by protecting the brain from harmful compounds. P-glycoprotein (P-gp) is one of the major efflux transporters at the BBB. In the present study, we assessed whether (1) P-gp function in the brain is constant or fluctuates across the day and (2) if it is affected by sleep deprivation. Four groups of rats were PET...

Novel Approach to Repeated Arterial Blood Sampling in Small Animal PET: Application in a Test-Retest Study with the Adenosine A1 Receptor Ligand [11C]MPDX

Purpose Small animal positron emission tomography (PET) can be used to detect small changes in neuroreceptor availability. This often requires rapid arterial blood sampling. However, current catheterization procedures do not allow repeated blood sampling. We have developed a procedure which allows arterial sampling on repeated occasions in the same animal. Procedures Eleven male...

Pridopidine selectively occupies sigma-1 rather than dopamine D2 receptors at behaviorally active doses

potentials calculated with a simplified reference tissue model. MicroPET; Kinetic analysis; 11C-SA4503; 11C-raclopride; Receptor occupancy - Aren van Waarde Pridopidine (also known as ACR16 or Huntexil) is

Sigma-1 Agonist Binding in the Aging Rat Brain: a MicroPET Study with [11C]SA4503

Purpose Sigma-1 receptor ligands modulate the release of several neurotransmitters and intracellular calcium signaling. We examined the binding of a radiolabeled sigma-1 agonist in the aging rat brain with positron emission tomography (PET). Procedures Time-dependent uptake of [11C]SA4503 was measured in the brain of young (1.5 to 3 months) and aged (18 to 32 months) Wistar...

Melanoma-associated Chondroitin Sulfate Proteoglycan (MCSP)-targeted delivery of soluble TRAIL potently inhibits melanoma outgrowth in vitro and in vivo

Background Advanced melanoma is characterized by a pronounced resistance to therapy leading to a limited patient survival of ~6 - 9 months. Here, we report on a novel bifunctional therapeutic fusion protein, designated anti-MCSP:TRAIL, that is comprised of a melanoma-associated chondroitin sulfate proteoglycan (MCSP)-specific antibody fragment (scFv) fused to soluble human TRAIL...

Delay and Impairment in Brain Development and Function in Rat Offspring After Maternal Exposure to Methylmercury

Maternal exposure to the neurotoxin methylmercury (MeHg) has been shown to have adverse effects on neural development of the offspring in man. Little is known about the underlying mechanisms by which MeHg affects the developing brain. To explore the neurodevelopmental defects and the underlying mechanism associated with MeHg exposure, the cerebellum and cerebrum of Wistar rat...

Measuring serotonin synthesis: from conventional methods to PET tracers and their (pre)clinical implications

The serotonergic system of the brain is complex, with an extensive innervation pattern covering all brain regions and endowed with at least 15 different receptors (each with their particular distribution patterns), specific reuptake mechanisms and synthetic processes. Many aspects of the functioning of the serotonergic system are still unclear, partially because of the difficulty...

Steroid hormones affect binding of the sigma ligand 11C-SA4503 in tumour cells and tumour-bearing rats

Purpose Sigma receptors are implicated in memory and cognitive functions, drug addiction, depression and schizophrenia. In addition, sigma receptors are strongly overexpressed in many tumours. Although the natural ligands are still unknown, steroid hormones are potential candidates. Here, we examined changes in binding of the sigma-1 agonist 11C-SA4503 in C6 glioma cells and in...