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330 papers found.
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Hardware and software design of BMW system for multi-floor localization

Although the Micro Electro Mechanical System (MEMS) sensors are capable of providing short-term high positioning accuracy, every positioning result significantly depends on the historical ones, which inevitably leads to the long-term error accumulation. The Bluetooth Low Energy (BLE) is independent of the accumulative error, but the positioning accuracy is suffered by the irregular ...

General anesthetics protects against cardiac arrest-induced brain injury by inhibiting calcium wave propagation in zebrafish

Cardiac arrest is a leading cause of death and disability worldwide. Although many victims are initially resuscitated, they often suffer from serious brain injury, even leading to a “persistent vegetative state”. Therefore, it is need to explore therapies which restore and protect brain function after cardiac arrest. In the present study, using Tg (HuC:GCaMP5) zebrafish as a model, ...

ET-26 hydrochloride (ET-26 HCl) has similar hemodynamic stability to that of etomidate in normal and uncontrolled hemorrhagic shock (UHS) rats

analysis: Bin Wang, Jun Yang, Jin Liu, Wensheng Zhang. Funding acquisition: Jun Yang, Jin Liu, Wensheng Zhang. Investigation: Bin Wang, Shouming Chen. Methodology: Shouming Chen, Wensheng Zhang. Project ... administration: Shouming Chen. Resources: Jun Yang, Wensheng Zhang. Software: Bin Wang. Supervision: Bin Wang, Jun Yang, Linghui Yang, Jin Liu, Wensheng Zhang. Validation: Bin Wang, Linghui Yang, Wensheng

On the generation of coastline-following grids for ocean models—trade-off between orthogonality and alignment to coastlines

Regional ocean models usually utilize orthogonal curvilinear grids that are fit to the coastline of the modeled regions. While the orthogonality of the grid is required from the perspective of the numerical algorithms, the alignment to the irregular coastlines improves the characterization of the land-sea distribution and the ocean simulation. In this article, we carry out fractal ...

Downregulation of microRNA-145 may contribute to liver fibrosis in biliary atresia by targeting ADD3

does not have a funding to this research. Author Contributions Conceptualization: Wei Gao, Lihui Zhang, Bin Wang. Data curation: Qi Feng, Jianyao Wang, Xiaoshuo Ye. Formal analysis: Zhihan Li ... . Methodology: Lei Liu. Resources: Zimin Chen, Zhouguang Wu, Dahao Zhang, Lihui Zhang, Bin Wang. Writing ± original draft: Yongqin Ye. Writing ± review & editing: Yongqin Ye. 14 / 16 15 / 16 1. Lee M , Chen SC

Quark matter and quark stars at finite temperature in Nambu–Jona-Lasinio model

We extend the SU(3) Nambu–Jona-Lasinio (NJL) model to include two types of vector interaction. Using these two types of vector interaction in NJL model, we study the quark symmetry free energy in asymmetric quark matter, the constituent quark mass, the quark fraction, the equation of state (EOS) for \(\beta \)-equilibrium quark matter, the maximum mass of QSs at finite temperature, ...

A general theoretical framework for understanding essential dynamics of Madden–Julian oscillation

Motivated by observed structure of Madden–Julian oscillation (MJO), a general theoretical model framework is advanced for understanding fundamental aspects of MJO dynamics. The model extends the Matsuno–Gill theory by incorporating (a) moisture feedback to precipitation, (b) a trio-interaction among equatorial waves, boundary layer (BL) dynamics, and precipitation, and (c) a ...

Aerobic exercise protects against pressure overload-induced cardiac dysfunction and hypertrophy via β3-AR-nNOS-NO activation

Aerobic exercise confers sustainable protection against cardiac hypertrophy and heart failure (HF). Nitric oxide synthase (NOS) and nitric oxide (NO) are known to play an important role in exercise-mediated cardioprotection, but the mechanism of NOS/NO stimulation during exercise remains unclear. The aim of this study is to determine the role of β3-adrenergic receptors (β3-ARs), ...

Thermodynamical and dynamical properties of charged BTZ black holes

We investigate the spacetime properties of BTZ black holes in the presence of the Maxwell field and Born–Infeld field and find rich properties in the spacetime structures when the model parameters are varied. Employing Landau–Lifshitz theory, we examine the thermodynamical phase transition in the charged BTZ black holes. We further study the dynamical perturbation in the background ...

Location methods of oscillation sources in power systems: a survey

give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made. Bin WANG received the B. S. and M.S. degrees in

A trio-interaction theory for Madden–Julian oscillation

The Madden–Julian oscillation (MJO) is the dominant mode of tropical atmospheric intraseasonal variability and a primary source of predictability for global sub-seasonal prediction. Understanding the origin and perpetuation of the MJO has eluded scientists for decades. The present paper starts with a brief review of progresses in theoretical studies of the MJO and a discussion of ...

POD analysis of flow over a backward-facing step forced by right-angle-shaped plasma actuator

Purpose This study aims to present flow control over the backward-facing step with specially designed right-angle-shaped plasma actuator and analyzed the influence of various scales of flow structures on the Reynolds stress through snapshot proper orthogonal decomposition (POD). Methods 2D particle image velocimetry measurements were conducted on region (x/h = 0–2.25) and ...

MicroRNA-20b (miR-20b) Promotes the Proliferation, Migration, Invasion, and Tumorigenicity in Esophageal Cancer Cells via the Regulation of Phosphatase and Tensin Homologue Expression

Increasing evidence has indicated that many microRNAs participate in the development and progression of esophageal cancer and gene expression regulation. MicroRNA-20b (miR-20b) has been reported to be aberrantly expressed in various cancers, but its exact role in esophageal cancer cells remains unclear so far. Therefore, we detected the levels of miR-20b in esophageal tumor tissues ...

Multicycle photocatalytic reduction of Cr(VI) over transparent PVA/TiO2 nanocomposite films under visible light

Photocatalytic reduction of hexavalent chromium in wastewater has been widely investigated as an attractive treatment method. In this work, we reported an efficient method for photocatalytic reduction of Cr(VI) over transparent polyvinyl alcohol/titanium dioxide (PVA/TiO2) nanocomposite films under sunlight irradiation. The transparent PVA/TiO2 nanocomposite films were prepared by ...

Existence of periodic solutions for nonautonomous second-order discrete Hamiltonian systems

In this paper, we consider the existence of periodic solutions for a class of nonautonomous second-order discrete Hamiltonian systems in case the sum on the time variable of potential is periodic. The tools used in our paper are the direct variational minimizing method and Rabinowitz’s saddle point theorem. MSC: 34C25, 58E50.

OsRLCK 57, OsRLCK107 and OsRLCK118 Positively Regulate Chitin- and PGN-Induced Immunity in Rice

Background The receptor-like cytoplasmic kinase, OsRLCK176 has been reported to participate in both chitin- and PGN-induced immunity in rice. Here, we further researched the function of the homologous proteins, OsRLCK57, OsRLCK107 and OsRLCK118, in chitin- and PGN immunity in rice. Findings Silencing of OsRLCK57,OsRLCK107 and OsRLCK118 suppressed chitin- and PGN-induced immunity ...

Arc flash fault detection in wind farm collection feeders based on current waveform analysis

changes were made. Bin WANG obtained a B.Sc. degree in electrical engineering from Shandong University of Technology, China, in 1999, and Ph.D degree from Shandong University, China in 2005. From July 2005

Differences in Sugar Accumulation and Mobilization between Sequential and Non-Sequential Senescence Wheat Cultivars under Natural and Drought Conditions

Wheat leaf non-sequential senescence at the late grain-filling stage involves the early senescence of younger flag leaves compared to that observed in older second leaves. On the other hand, sequential senescence involves leaf senescence that follows an age-related pattern, in which flag leaves are the latest to undergo senescence. The characteristics of sugar metabolism in two ...

Diurnal and Seasonal Variations in the Net Ecosystem CO2 Exchange of a Pasture in the Three-River Source Region of the Qinghai−Tibetan Plateau

Carbon dioxide (CO2) exchange between the atmosphere and grassland ecosystems is very important for the global carbon balance. To assess the CO2 flux and its relationship to environmental factors, the eddy covariance method was used to evaluate the diurnal cycle and seasonal pattern of the net ecosystem CO2 exchange (NEE) of a cultivated pasture in the Three-River Source Region ...