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Search: authors:"Bjorn Stevens"

4 papers found.
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Using aquaplanets to understand the robust responses of comprehensive climate models to forcing

Idealized climate change experiments using fixed sea-surface temperature are investigated to determine whether zonally symmetric aquaplanet configurations are useful for understanding climate feedbacks in more realistic configurations. The aquaplanets capture many of the robust responses of the large-scale circulation and hydrologic cycle to both warming the sea-surface temperature ...

Observing and Modeling Earth’s Energy Flows

Bjorn Stevens 0 Stephen E. Schwartz 0 0 S. E. Schwartz Atmospheric Sciences Division, Brookhaven National Laboratory , Upton, NY 11973, USA This article reviews, from the authors' perspective

Revealing differences in GCM representations of low clouds

Aquaplanet configurations of four atmospheric general circulation models (GCMs) are compared with standard, Earth-like configurations and observations. The focus here is on tropical, low-level clouds, which have been identified as important for estimates of climate sensitivity. Investigating the distribution of the monthly mean vertical velocity and lower-tropospheric stability, ...

Two-fluid formulation of the cloud-top mixing layer for direct numerical simulation

A mixture fraction formulation to perform direct numerical simulations of a disperse and dilute two-phase system consisting of water liquid and vapor in air in local thermodynamic equilibrium using a two-fluid model is derived and discussed. The goal is to understand the assumptions intrinsic to this simplified but commonly employed approach for the study of two-layer buoyancy ...