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A systematic review of school-based eHealth interventions targeting alcohol use, smoking, physical inactivity, diet, sedentary behaviour and sleep among adolescents: a review protocol

Six key behavioural risk factors (risky alcohol use, smoking, poor diet, physical inactivity, sedentary behaviour and unhealthy sleep patterns) have been identified as strong determinants of chronic disease, such as cardiovascular disease, diabetes and cancers. School-based interventions targeting these multiple health risk behaviours among adolescents have the potential to halt ...

Comparative effectiveness of adding weight control simultaneously or sequentially to smoking cessation quitlines: study protocol of a randomized controlled trial

International declares that he has no competing interests. The Co-PI, Dr. Bonnie Spring, declares that she has no competing interests. The Co-I, Jennifer Lovejoy, declares that she has no competing interests

An observational study identifying obese subgroups among older adults at increased risk of mobility disability: do perceptions of the neighborhood environment matter?

Spencer Moore 9 Sara Folta 4 Bonnie Spring 8 Todd Manini 3 Marco Pahor 3 for the LIFE Study Investigators 0 Health Research & Policy, and Stanford Prevention Research Center, Department of Medicine ... University, Chicago, IL Mary M. McDermott, MD – Field Center Principal Investigator Bonnie Spring, PhD – Field Center Co-Investigator Joshua Hauser, MD – Field Center Co-Investigator Diana Kerwin, MD – Field

Translating a heart disease lifestyle intervention into the community: the South Asian Heart Lifestyle Intervention (SAHELI) study; a randomized control trial

Background South Asians (Asian Indians and Pakistanis) are the second fastest growing ethnic group in the United States (U.S.) and have an increased risk of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD). This pilot study evaluated a culturally-salient, community-based healthy lifestyle intervention to reduce ASCVD risk among South Asians. Methods Through an academic-community ...

Translational Behavioral Medicine: a pathway to better health

Bonnie Spring - Isnt it time to close the chasm between what we know about health determinants and what we put into practice to improve health [1]? Around the globe, 60% of all deaths are caused

Individual, facility, and program factors affecting retention in a national weight management program

Institutes of Health (RC1DK087126 and R01 HL075451; Bonnie Spring, Ph.D., Principal Investigator). The paper presents the findings and conclusions of the authors; it does not necessarily represent the

A group-mediated, home-based physical activity intervention for patients with peripheral artery disease: effects on social and psychological function

Background PAD is a disabling, chronic condition of the lower extremities that affects approximately 8 million people in the United States. The purpose of this study was to determine whether an innovative home-based walking exercise program for patients with peripheral artery disease (PAD) improves self-efficacy for walking, desire for physical competence, satisfaction for physical ...

Multiple health behaviours: overview and implications

behaviours that characterize most adults. Funding This work was supported by the National Heart Lung and Blood Institute [R01 HL075451 to Bonnie Spring], the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and ... Kidney Diseases [RC1DK087126 to Bonnie Spring] and the National Cancer Institute [P30 CA060553 to Steve Rosen]. References Thijssen DH, Maiorana AJ, O’Driscoll G et al. Impact of inactivity and exercise

Diabetes prevention program: a lesson in translation

Amy A Eyler CHES Bonnie Spring ABPP Type 2 diabetes (T2D) is one of the most rapidly increasing chronic illnesses worldwide. The great personal and societal costs of this illness have heightened

Impulsivity and cigarette craving: differences across subtypes

Rationale Cigarette smoking has been linked to a number of personality characteristics, including impulsivity. Smokers tend to endorse high levels of impulsivity, and more impulsive smokers have greater difficulty quitting, but little is known about potential explanatory mechanisms. Although indirect evidence suggests craving as a candidate mechanism, direct evidence has been ...

A smartphone-supported weight loss program: design of the ENGAGED randomized controlled trial

Background Obesity remains a major public health challenge, demanding cost-effective and scalable weight management programs. Delivering key treatment components via mobile technology offers a potential way to reduce expensive in-person contact, thereby lowering the cost and burden of intensive weight loss programs. The ENGAGED study is a theory-guided, randomized controlled trial ...

ACCISS study rationale and design: activating collaborative cancer information service support for cervical cancer screening

version of the manuscript. Acknowledgements This study is funded by NCI grant R21 CA126450 awarded to Dr. Bonnie Spring. We extend our gratitude to providers and patients in the Erie Family Health Center

The Relation Between Body Size Perception and Change in Body Mass Index Over 13 Years: The Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults (CARDIA) Study

Bonnie Spring Catarina Kiefe Philip Greenland American Journal of Epidemiology ª The Author 2009. Published by the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health. All rights reserved. For permissions ... Medical Center, Chicago, Illinois (Elizabeth Lynch); Department of Preventive Medicine, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, Chicago, Illinois (Kiang Liu, Bonnie Spring, Philip Greenland

Meta-Analysis of Efficacy of Interventions for Elevated Depressive Symptoms in Adults Diagnosed With Cancer

Background Cancer patients are at increased risk for depression compared with individuals with no cancer diagnosis, yet few interventions target depressed cancer patients.

PDA+: A Personal Digital Assistant for Obesity Treatment - An RCT testing the use of technology to enhance weight loss treatment for veterans

Background Obese adults struggle to make the changes necessary to achieve even modest weight loss, though a decrease in weight by as little as 10% can have significant health benefits. Failure to meet weight loss goals may in part be associated with barriers to obesity treatment. Wide-spread dissemination of evidence-based obesity treatment faces multiple challenges including cost, ...

Make Better Choices (MBC): Study design of a randomized controlled trial testing optimal technology-supported change in multiple diet and physical activity risk behaviors

Background Suboptimal diet and physical inactivity are prevalent, co-occurring chronic disease risk factors, yet little is known about how to maximize multiple risk behavior change. Make Better Choices, a randomized controlled trial, tests competing hypotheses about the optimal way to promote healthy change in four bundled risk behaviors: high saturated fat intake, low fruit and ...

Association of Ethnicity and Socioeconomic Status with Judgments of Body Size: The Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults (CARDIA) Study

The authors assessed the associations of ethnicity and socioeconomic status (SES) with body size judgments in Black and White young adults. Self-perceived and ideal body size judgments were measured using the Stunkard nine-figure scale (higher value = larger body) at the year 7 examination (1992–1993) of the Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults (CARDIA) Study. In ...

Measuring smoking-related preoccupation and compulsive drive: evaluation of the obsessive compulsive smoking scale

Rationale Tobacco use for many people is compulsive in nature. Compelling theories of how smoking becomes compulsive exist but are largely based on extrapolation from neuroscience findings. Research on smokers is impeded, in part, by a lack of instruments that specifically measure compulsive smoking. Objective This study evaluated the measurement structure and validity of the ...