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First insights into the microbial diversity in the omasum and reticulum of bovine using Illumina sequencing

The digestive systems of mammals harbor a complex gut microbiome, comprising bacteria and other microorganisms that confer metabolic and immunological benefits to the host. Ruminants that digest plant-based foods have a four-compartment stomach consisting of the rumen, reticulum, omasum, and abomasum. The microorganisms in the stomach are essential for providing the host with ...

Plasma microRNAs are promising novel biomarkers for the early detection of Toxoplasma gondii infection

Boyin Jia 0 Zhiguang Chang 0 Xiaoyan Wei Huijun Lu Jigang Yin Ning Jiang Qijun Chen 0 Equal contributors Key Laboratory of Zoonosis, Institute of Zoonosis/College of Veterinary Medicine, Jilin

A comparative study of Toxoplasma gondii seroprevalence in three healthy Chinese populations detected using native and recombinant antigens

Background Toxoplasmosis is one of the most common parasitic zoonoses. The seroprevalence of Toxoplasma gondii infection in humans varies widely worldwide. Detection of Toxoplasma-specific antibodies has been a gold standard method for both epidemiological investigation and clinical diagnosis. Genetic investigation indicated that there is a wide distribution of different genome ...

The extracellular matrix protein mindin as a novel adjuvant elicits stronger immune responses for rBAG1, rSRS4 and rSRS9 antigens of Toxoplasma gondii in BALB/c mice

Background Vaccines are the most effective agents to control infections. However, recombinant vaccines often do not elicit strong immune responses. Protein antigens combined with proper adjuvants have been widely used to induce immune responses, especially the humoral immune responses, against various pathogens, including parasites. The extracellular matrix protein mindin has been ...

Genome-wide comparative analysis revealed significant transcriptome changes in mice after Toxoplasma gondii infection

Background Toxoplasma gondii is an intracellular parasite that can modulate host responses and presumably host behavior. Host responses as well as pathogenesis vary depending on the parasite strains that are responsible for infection. In immune competent individuals, T. gondii preferentially infects tissues of the central nervous systems (CNS), which might be an additional factor ...

A comparative study of small RNAs in Toxoplasma gondii of distinct genotypes

BackgroundToxoplasma gondii is an intracellular parasite with a significant impact on human health. Inside the mammalian and avian hosts, the parasite can undergo rapid development or remain inactive in the cysts. The mechanism that regulates parasite proliferation has not been fully understood. Small noncoding RNAs (sncRNA) such as microRNAs (miRNAs) are endogenous regulatory ...