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Nutrition and physical activity in the prevention and treatment of sarcopenia: systematic review

Summary This systematic review summarizes the effect of combined exercise and nutrition intervention on muscle mass and muscle function. A total of 37 RCTs were identified. Results indicate that physical exercise has a positive impact on muscle mass and muscle function in subjects aged 65 years and older. However, any interactive effect of dietary supplementation appears to be ...

Translating an early childhood obesity prevention program for local community implementation: a case study of the Melbourne InFANT Program

Background While there is a growing interest in the field of research translation, there are few published examples of public health interventions that have been effectively scaled up and implemented in the community. This paper provides a case study of the community-wide implementation of the Melbourne Infant, Feeding, Activity and Nutrition Trial (InFANT), an obesity prevention ...

Identification and management of patients at increased risk of osteoporotic fracture: outcomes of an ESCEO expert consensus meeting

Summary Osteoporosis represents a significant and increasing healthcare burden in Europe, but most patients at increased risk of fracture do not receive medication, resulting in a large treatment gap. Identification of patients who are at particularly high risk will help clinicians target appropriate treatment more precisely and cost-effectively, and should be the focus of future ...

A longitudinal cohort study of HIV ‘treatment as prevention’ in gay, bisexual and other men who have sex with men: the Treatment with Antiretrovirals and their Impact on Positive And Negative men (TAIPAN) study protocol

Background Australia has increased coverage of antiretroviral treatment (ART) over the past decade, reaching 73% uptake in 2014. While ART reduces AIDS-related deaths, accumulating evidence suggests that it could also bolster prevention efforts by reducing the risk of HIV transmission (‘treatment as prevention’). While promising, evidence of community-level impact of treatment as ...

Life-course approach to nutrition

Alliance ( 2014 ) Fracture Prevention Central . Accessed 8 Jun 2015 Akesson K, Marsh D , Mitchell PJ , McLellan AR , Stenmark J , Pierroz DD , Kyer C , Cooper C , Group IOFFW ( 2013

Non-invasive Assessment of Lower Limb Geometry and Strength Using Hip Structural Analysis and Peripheral Quantitative Computed Tomography: A Population-Based Comparison

. J. Denison, K. A. Jameson, M. H. Edwards, A. A. Sayer, P. Taylor, C. Cooper, E. M. Dennison) declare no conflict of interest Human and Animal Rights and Informed Consent Ethical permission for the

Ion Channel Expression in the Developing Enteric Nervous System

The enteric nervous system arises from neural crest-derived cells (ENCCs) that migrate caudally along the embryonic gut. The expression of ion channels by ENCCs in embryonic mice was investigated using a PCR-based array, RT-PCR and immunohistochemistry. Many ion channels, including chloride, calcium, potassium and sodium channels were already expressed by ENCCs at E11.5. There was ...

Failure to perceive increased risk of fracture in women 55 years and older: the Global Longitudinal Study of Osteoporosis in Women (GLOW)

Department of Medicine, Hospital del Mar-IMIM-Autonomous, University of Barcelona , Barcelona, Spain 8 C. Cooper Institute of Musculoskeletal Sciences, University of Oxford , Oxford, UK 9 C. Cooper MRC

Absence of evidence is not evidence of absence: the colour–density relation at fixed stellar mass persists to z∼ 1*

M. C. Cooper et al. E-mail: 0 0 Some of the data presented herein were obtained at the W. M. Keck Ob- servatory, which is operated as a scientific partnership among the California Institute of

The Global Longitudinal Study of Osteoporosis in Women (GLOW): rationale and study design

8 P. Delmas Department of Rheumatology , Hpital Edouard Herriot, 5 Place d'Arsonval, Lyon, France 69437 9 C. Cooper Institute of Musculoskeletal Sciences, University of Oxford , Oxford, UK 10 J ... . Pfeilschifter Alfried Krupp Krankenhaus, Department of Internal Medicine III , Essen, Germany 11 C. Cooper MRC Epidemiology Resource Centre, University of Southampton, Southampton General Hospital , Southampton