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Epidemiology of Sarcopenia: Determinants Throughout the Lifecourse

Sarcopenia is an age-related syndrome characterised by progressive and generalised loss of skeletal muscle mass and strength; it is a major contributor to the risk of physical frailty, functional impairment in older people, poor health-related quality of life and premature death. Many different definitions have been used to describe sarcopenia and have resulted in varying estimates ...

Bone density and body composition in newly licenced professional jockeys

Summary The primary objective is the description of bone mineral density (BMD) and body composition in newly licensed jockeys. One in three male, flat jockeys has a very low bone mineral density. Further research is needed to assess the short-term risk of fractures and long-term health implications of these findings. Introduction Describe bone mineral density (BMD) and body ...

Recent hip fracture trends in Sweden and Denmark with age-period-cohort effects

Summary This study used nationwide hip fracture data from Denmark and Sweden during 1987–2010 to examine effects of (birth) cohort and period. We found that time trends, cohort, and period effects were different in the two countries. Results also indicated that hip fracture rates may increase in the not so far future. Introduction The reasons for the downturn in hip fracture rates ...

UK clinical guideline for the prevention and treatment of osteoporosis

50 years in the UK . Maturitas 62 : 105 - 108 4. Compston J , Bowring C , Cooper A , Cooper C , Davies C , Francis R , Kanis JA , Marsh D , McCloskey EV , Reid DM , Selby P , National Osteoporosis

Nutrition and physical activity in the prevention and treatment of sarcopenia: systematic review

Summary This systematic review summarizes the effect of combined exercise and nutrition intervention on muscle mass and muscle function. A total of 37 RCTs were identified. Results indicate that physical exercise has a positive impact on muscle mass and muscle function in subjects aged 65 years and older. However, any interactive effect of dietary supplementation appears to be ...

Physical activity and osteoarthritis: a consensus study to harmonise self-reporting methods of physical activity across international cohorts

for Sport, Exercise and Osteoarthritis (Grant Ref. 20194). Conflict of interest B Ainsworth receives royalties from Taylor & Francis. C Cooper has received consultancy from Servier, Amgen, Novartis, Eli

The RUDY study platform – a novel approach to patient driven research in rare musculoskeletal diseases

Background Research into rare diseases is becoming more common, with recognition of the significant diagnostic and therapeutic care gaps. Registries are considered a key research methodology to address rare diseases. This report describes the structure of the Rare UK Diseases Study (RUDY) platform that aims to improve research processes and address many of the challenges of ...

A novel accelerometer-based method to describe day-to-day exposure to potentially osteogenic vertical impacts in older adults: findings from a multi-cohort study

Summary This observational study assessed vertical impacts experienced in older adults as part of their day-to-day physical activity using accelerometry and questionnaire data. Population-based older adults experienced very limited high-impact activity. The accelerometry method utilised appeared to be valid based on comparisons between different cohorts and with self-reported ...

Secondary prevention of fractures after hip fracture: a qualitative study of effective service delivery

Summary There is variation in how services to prevent secondary fractures after hip fracture are delivered and no consensus on best models of care. This study identifies healthcare professionals’ views on effective care for the prevention of these fractures. It is hoped this will provide information on how to develop services. Introduction Hip fracture patients are at high risk of ...

Skeletal muscle morphology in sarcopenia defined using the EWGSOP criteria: findings from the Hertfordshire Sarcopenia Study (HSS)

Background Sarcopenia is defined as the loss of muscle mass and function with age and is associated with decline in mobility, frailty, falls and mortality. There is considerable interest in understanding the underlying mechanisms. Our aim was to characterise muscle morphology changes associated with sarcopenia among community dwelling older men. Methods One hundred and five men ...

Life-course approach to nutrition

Alliance ( 2014 ) Fracture Prevention Central . http://www.nbha.org/fpc Accessed 8 Jun 2015 Akesson K, Marsh D , Mitchell PJ , McLellan AR , Stenmark J , Pierroz DD , Kyer C , Cooper C , Group IOFFW ( 2013

Non-invasive Assessment of Lower Limb Geometry and Strength Using Hip Structural Analysis and Peripheral Quantitative Computed Tomography: A Population-Based Comparison

. J. Denison, K. A. Jameson, M. H. Edwards, A. A. Sayer, P. Taylor, C. Cooper, E. M. Dennison) declare no conflict of interest Human and Animal Rights and Informed Consent Ethical permission for the

Impact of hip fracture on hospital care costs: a population-based study

fractures in postmenopausal women . NICE technology appraisal guidance TA161 . https://www.nice.org.uk/guidance/ta161 31. Åkesson K , Marsh D , Mitchell PJ , McLellan AR , Stenmark J , Pierroz DD , Kyer C ... , Cooper C ( 2013 ) Capture the fracture: a best practice framework and global campaign to break the fragility fracture cycle . Osteoporos Int 24 : 2135 - 2152 32. Abrahamsen B , van Staa T , Ariely R

Ischaemic cardiac events and use of strontium ranelate in postmenopausal osteoporosis: a nested case–control study in the CPRD

Summary We explored the cardiac safety of the osteoporosis treatment strontium ranelate in the UK Clinical Practice Research Datalink. While known cardiovascular risk factors like obesity and smoking were associated with increased cardiac risk, use of strontium ranelate was not associated with any increase in myocardial infarction or cardiovascular death. Introduction It has been ...

Effect of Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass Surgery on Bile Acid Metabolism in Normal and Obese Diabetic Rats

In addition to classic functions of facilitating hepatobiliary secretion and intestinal absorption of lipophilic nutrients, bile acids (BA) are also endocrine factors and regulate glucose and lipid metabolism. Recent data indicate that antiobesity bariatric procedures e.g. Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery (RYGB), which also remit diabetes, increase plasma BAs in humans, leading to ...

A comprehensive fracture prevention strategy in older adults: the European Union Geriatric Medicine Society (EUGMS) statement

Prevention of fragility fractures in older people has become a public health priority, although the most appropriate and cost-effective strategy remains unclear. In the present statement, the Interest Group on Falls and Fracture Prevention of the European Union Geriatric Medicine Society, in collaboration with the International Association of Gerontology and Geriatrics for the ...

Where now with NICE?

E. M. Dennison C. Cooper 0 ) MRC Lifecourse Epidemiology Unit, University of Southampton, Southampton General Hospital , Southampton SO16 6YD, UK - The National Institute of Clinical Excellence

Impact of clinical osteoarthritis of the hip, knee and hand on self-rated health in six European countries: the European Project on OSteoArthritis

. Dennison (Principal Investigator), C. Cooper, M.H. Edwards. Compliance with ethical standards Ethical approval All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the

Osteoporosis epidemiology in UK Biobank: a unique opportunity for international researchers

GlaxoSmithKline Research and Development , London, UK 1 C. Cooper MRC Lifecourse Epidemiology Unit, University of Southampton , Southampton, UK 2 UK Biobank Musculoskeletal Advisory Group: Chair : Cyrus Cooper (MRC