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18 papers found.
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Point-particle effective field theory III: relativistic fermions and the Dirac equation

We formulate point-particle effective field theory (PPEFT) for relativistic spin-half fermions interacting with a massive, charged finite-sized source using a first-quantized effective field theory for the heavy compact object and a second-quantized language for the lighter fermion with which it interacts. This description shows how to determine the near-source boundary condition ...

Point-particle effective field theory II: relativistic effects and Coulomb/inverse-square competition

We apply point-particle effective field theory (PPEFT) to compute the leading shifts due to finite-sized source effects in the Coulomb bound energy levels of a relativistic spinless charged particle. This is the analogue for spinless electrons of calculating the contribution of the charge-radius of the source to these levels, and our calculation disagrees with standard calculations ...

Open EFTs, IR effects & late-time resummations: systematic corrections in stochastic inflation

Though simple inflationary models describe the CMB well, their corrections are often plagued by infrared effects that obstruct a reliable calculation of late-time behaviour. We adapt to cosmology tools designed to address similar issues in other physical systems with the goal of making reliable late-time inflationary predictions. The main such tool is Open EFTs which reduce in the ...

A problem with δ-functions: stress-energy constraints on bulk-brane matching (with comments on arXiv:1508.01124)

We critically assess a recent assertion [1] concerning using δ-functions to analyze how higher-codimension branes back-react on their environment. We also briefly summarize the state of the art: describing how stress-energy balance dictates the components of off-brane stress energy in terms brane tension; how this can modify the standard tension/defect-angle relation for ...

EFT for vortices with dilaton-dependent localized flux

We study how codimension-two objects like vortices back-react gravitationally with their environment in theories (such as 4D or higher-dimensional supergravity) where the bulk is described by a dilaton-Maxwell-Einstein system. We do so both in the full theory, for which the vortex is an explicit classical ‘fat brane’ solution, and in the effective theory of ‘point branes’ ...

The gravity of dark vortices: effective field theory for branes and strings carrying localized flux

A Nielsen-Olesen vortex usually sits in an environment that expels the flux that is confined to the vortex, so flux is not present both inside and outside. We construct vortices for which this is not true, where the flux carried by the vortex also permeates the ‘bulk’ far from the vortex. The idea is to mix the vortex’s internal gauge flux with an external flux using off-diagonal ...

Self-tuning at large (distances): 4D description of runaway dilaton capture

We complete here a three-part study (see also arXiv:​1506.​08095 and arXiv:​1508.​00856) of how codimension-two objects back-react gravitationally with their environment, with particular interest in situations where the transverse ‘bulk’ is stabilized by the interplay between gravity and flux-quantization in a dilaton-Maxwell-Einstein system such as commonly appears in ...

Who you gonna call? Runaway ghosts, higher derivatives and time-dependence in EFTs

We briefly review the formulation of effective field theories (EFTs) in timedependent situations, with particular attention paid to their domain of validity. Our main interest is the extent to which solutions of the EFT capture the dynamics of the full theory. For a simple model we show by explicit calculation that the low-energy action obtained from a sensible UV completion need ...

EFT beyond the horizon: stochastic inflation and how primordial quantum fluctuations go classical

We identify the effective field theory describing the physics of super-Hubble scales and show it to be a special case of a class of effective field theories appropriate to open systems. Open systems are those that allow information to be exchanged between the degrees of freedom of interest and those that are integrated out, such as would be appropriate for particles moving through ...

MFV reductions of MSSM parameter space

The 100+ free parameters of the minimal supersymmetric standard model (MSSM) make it computationally difficult to compare systematically with data, motivating the study of specific parameter reductions such as the cMSSM and pMSSM. Here we instead study the reductions of parameter space implied by using minimal flavour violation (MFV) to organise the R-parity conserving MSSM, with a ...

Distributed SUSY breaking: dark energy, Newton’s law and the LHC

We identify the underlying symmetry mechanism that suppresses the low-energy effective 4D cosmological constant within some 6D supergravity models, generically leading to results suppressed by powers of the KK scale, m K K 2 , relative to the much larger size, m 4, associated with mass-m particles localized in these models on codimension-2 branes. These models are examples for ...

On the predictiveness of single-field inflationary models

We re-examine the predictiveness of single-field inflationary models and discuss how an unknown UV completion can complicate determining inflationary model parameters from observations, even from precision measurements. Besides the usual naturalness issues associated with having a shallow inflationary potential, we describe another issue for inflation, namely, unknown UV physics ...

Gravitational forces on a codimension-2 brane

We compute the gravitational response of six dimensional gauged, chiral supergravity to localized stress energy on one of two space-filling branes, including the effects of compactifying the extra dimensions and brane back-reaction. We find a broad class of exact solutions, including various black-brane solutions. Several approximate solutions are also described, such as the ...

Inflating in a trough: single-field effective theory from multiple-field curved valleys

We examine the motion of light fields near the bottom of a potential valley in a multi-dimensional field space. In the case of two fields we identify three general scales, all of which must be large in order to justify an effective low-energy approximation involving only the light field, ℓ. (Typically only one of these — the mass of the heavy field transverse to the trough — is ...

Anisotropic modulus stabilisation: strings at LHC scales with micron-sized extra dimensions

We construct flux-stabilised Type IIB string compactifications whose extra dimensions have very different sizes, and use these to describe several types of vacua with a TeV string scale. Because we can access regimes where two dimensions are hierarchically larger than the other four, we find examples where two dimensions are micron-sized while the other four are at the weak scale ...

On Higgs inflation and naturalness

We reexamine recent claims that Einstein-frame scattering in the Higgs inflation model is unitary above the cut-off energy Λ ≃ M p /ξ. We show explicitly how unitarity problems arise in both the Einstein and Jordan frames of the theory. In a covariant gauge they arise from non-minimal Higgs self-couplings, which cannot be removed by field redefinitions because the target space is ...

Non-standard primordial fluctuations and nongaussianity in string inflation

Inflationary scenarios in string theory often involve a large number of light scalar fields, whose presence can enrich the post-inflationary evolution of primordial fluctuations generated during the inflationary epoch. We provide a simple example of such post-inflationary processing within an explicit string-inflationary construction, using a Kähler modulus as the inflaton within ...

Resonant origin for density fluctuations deep within the Sun: helioseismology and magneto-gravity waves

We analyse helioseismic waves near the solar equator in the presence of magnetic fields deep within the solar radiative zone. We find that reasonable magnetic fields can significantly alter the shapes of the wave profiles for helioseismic g-modes. They can do so because the existence of density gradients allows g-modes to excite Alfvén waves resonantly, causing mode energy to be ...