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53 papers found.
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How Long Can Optimal Locally Repairable Codes Bel

A locally repairable code (LRC) with locality r allows for the recovery of any erased codeword symbol using only r other codeword symbols. A Singleton-type bound dictates the best possible trade-off between the dimension and distance of LRCs - an LRC attaining this trade-off is deemed optimal. Such optimal LRCs have been constructed over alphabets growing linearly in the block...

Decreased expression of lethal giant larvae causes ovarian follicle cell outgrowth in the Drosophila Scutoid mutant

antibodies. Author Contributions Data curation: Chen-Yuan Tseng. Investigation: Chen-Yuan Tseng. Writing ± original draft: Chen-Yuan Tseng, Hwei-Jan Hsu. Writing ± review & editing: Hwei-Jan Hsu. 13 / 15

Prescription practice of anti-tuberculosis drugs in Yunnan, China: A clinical audit

programme (by body weight) and WHO (mg/kg). (DOCX) Author Contributions Conceptualization: Lin Xu, Jinou Chen, Anh L. Innes, Ling Li, Chen-Yuan Chiang. Data curation: Jinou Chen, Chen-Yuan Chiang. Formal ... analysis: Jinou Chen, Chen-Yuan Chiang. Funding acquisition: Lin Xu, Anh L. Innes, Ling Li. Investigation: Lin Xu, Jinou Chen, Anh L. Innes, Chen-Yuan Chiang. Methodology: Lin Xu, Anh L. Innes, Chen-Yuan

The role of phospholipase C signaling in bovine herpesvirus 1 infection

Bovine herpesvirus 1 (BoHV-1) infection enhanced the generation of inflammatory mediator reactive oxidative species (ROS) and stimulated MAPK signaling that are highly possibly related to virus induced inflammation. In this study, for the first time we show that BoHV-1 infection manipulated phospholipase C (PLC) signaling, as demonstrated by the activation of PLCγ-1 at both early...

Photodynamic dye adsorption and release performance of natural zeolite

, National Chiao Tung University, Tainan 711, TaiwanVladimir Hovhannisyan & Shean-Jen ChenDepartment of Physics, National Taiwan University, Taipei 10617, TaiwanVladimir Hovhannisyan & Chen-Yuan DongAdvanced ... Optoelectronic Technology Center, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan 701, TaiwanShean-Jen Chen AuthorsSearch for Vladimir Hovhannisyan in:Nature Research journals • PubMed • Google ScholarSearch for Chen-Yuan

Transdermal buprenorphine and fentanyl patches in cancer pain: a network systematic review

Transdermal buprenorphine and fentanyl patches in cancer pain: a network systematic review Jin Seok Ahn,1 Johnson Lin,2 Setsuro Ogawa,3 Chen Yuan,4 Tony O’Brien,5,6 Brian HC Le,7 Andrea M Bothwell,8

Sirtuin 5: a review of structure, known inhibitors and clues for developing new inhibitors

Sirtuins (SIRTs) are nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD+)-dependent protein deacetylases, which regulate important biological processes ranging from apoptosis, age-associated pathophysiologies, adipocyte and muscle differentiation, and energy expenditure to gluconeogenesis. Very recently, sirtuin 5 (SIRT5) has received considerable attention due to that it was found to have...

The activation of p38MAPK and JNK pathways in bovine herpesvirus 1 infected MDBK cells

Guoqiang Zhu 1 0 Liqian Zhu and Chen Yuan are co-first authors 1 College of Veterinary Medicine and Jiangsu Co-innovation Center for Prevention and Control of Important Animal Infectious Diseases and

Role of NCAN rs2228603 polymorphism in the incidence of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease: a case-control study

Background Recently genome-wide association studies identified that NCAN rs2228603 polymorphism was associated with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) mainly in subjects of European ancestry. While no research have been conducted to demonstrate the relationship between NCAN rs2228603 and NAFLD in Chinese Han adults. The aim of this study was to investigate whether NCAN...

Sipuleucel-T and Androgen Receptor-Directed Therapy for Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer: A Meta-Analysis

Chen Yuan) conducted quality assessment independently. Results were compared and discrepancies were resolved by a discussion with another author (Weilin Ou). 2.3. Data Extraction The following outcomes ... ’ Contributions Renliang Yi, Baoxin Chen, and Zhiheng Zhou conceived and designed the research. Renliang Yi, Baoxin Chen, Peng Duan, and Chen Yuan carried out literature search. Chanjiao Zheng and Huanyu Shen

BHV-1 induced oxidative stress contributes to mitochondrial dysfunction in MDBK cells

The levels of cellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) and ATP as well as the mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP) in response to bovine herpesvirus 1 (BHV-1) infection of MDBK cells were measured, respectively. BHV-1 infection increased ROS production which depended on viral entry, and de novo protein expression and/or DNA replication. Vice versa, excessive ROS was required for...

The Influence of Smoking on Pulmonary Tuberculosis in Diabetic and Non-Diabetic Patients

Background Both smoking and diabetes can increase the risk and influence the manifestations and outcomes of tuberculosis (TB). It is not clear whether the influence of smoking on pulmonary TB differs between non-diabetic and diabetic patients. Herein, we assessed the manifestations and outcomes of TB in relation to smoking in both diabetic and non-diabetic TB patients...

Using prediction markets of market scoring rule to forecast infectious diseases: a case study in Taiwan

Background The Taiwan CDC relied on the historical average number of disease cases or rate (AVG) to depict the trend of epidemic diseases in Taiwan. By comparing the historical average data with prediction markets, we show that the latter have a better prediction capability than the former. Given the volatility of the infectious diseases in Taiwan, historical average is unlikely...

Smoking cessation and smokefree environments for tuberculosis patients in Indonesia-a cohort study

Background Research indicates that smoking substantially increases the risk of tuberculosis (TB), delay in diagnosis, failure of TB treatment and death from TB. Quitting smoking is one of the best ways to prevent unwanted outcomes. Exposure to secondhand smoke increases the risks of both TB infection and development of active TB disease among children and adults. TB patients who...

Surveillance of Tuberculosis in Taipei: The Influence of Nontuberculous Mycobacteria

Background Notification of tuberculosis (TB) but not nontuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) is mandatory in Taiwan. Partly due to the strict regulation on TB notification, several patients infected with NTM were notified as TB cases. Notification of patients infected with NTM as TB cases can trigger public health actions and impose additional burdens on the public health system. We...

Health system delay among patients with tuberculosis in Taiwan: 2003–2010

Background Taiwan has integrated the previous vertical tuberculosis (TB) control system into the general health care system. With the phase out of the specialized TB care system and the declining TB incidence, it is likely that clinical workers become less familiar with the presentation of TB, resulting in delay in TB diagnosis and treatment. Methods We used the detailed...

Digital Image Forgery Detection Using JPEG Features and Local Noise Discrepancies

Wide availability of image processing software makes counterfeiting become an easy and low-cost way to distort or conceal facts. Driven by great needs for valid forensic technique, many methods have been proposed to expose such forgeries. In this paper, we proposed an integrated algorithm which was able to detect two commonly used fraud practices: copy-move and splicing forgery...

Low-Concentration Arsenic Trioxide Inhibits Skeletal Myoblast Cell Proliferation via a Reactive Oxygen Species-Independent Pathway

Myoblast proliferation and differentiation are essential for skeletal muscle regeneration. Myoblast proliferation is a critical step in the growth and maintenance of skeletal muscle. The precise action of inorganic arsenic on myoblast growth has not been investigated. Here, we investigated the in vitro effect of inorganic arsenic trioxide (As2O3) on the growth of C2C12 myoblasts...

Predicting Rotator Cuff Tears Using Data Mining and Bayesian Likelihood Ratios

Objectives Rotator cuff tear is a common cause of shoulder diseases. Correct diagnosis of rotator cuff tears can save patients from further invasive, costly and painful tests. This study used predictive data mining and Bayesian theory to improve the accuracy of diagnosing rotator cuff tears by clinical examination alone. Methods In this retrospective study, 169 patients who had a...

Notch Signaling Mediates the Age-Associated Decrease in Adhesion of Germline Stem Cells to the Niche

Stem cells have an innate ability to occupy their stem cell niche, which in turn, is optimized to house stem cells. Organ aging is associated with reduced stem cell occupancy in the niche, but the mechanisms involved are poorly understood. Here, we report that Notch signaling is increased with age in Drosophila female germline stem cells (GSCs), and this results in their removal...