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Improving smoothing efficiency of rigid conformal polishing tool using time-dependent smoothing evaluation model

Corresponding author: Chi SONG 0 University of Chinese Academy of Sciences , Beijing, 100049 , China 1 Key Laboratory of Optical System Advanced Manufacturing Technology, Chinese Academy of Sciences , Changchun 2

Interaction between TATA-Binding Protein (TBP) and Multiprotein Bridging Factor-1 (MBF1) from the Filamentous Insect Pathogenic Fungus Beauveria bassiana

TATA-binding protein (TBP) is a ubiquitous component of eukaryotic transcription factors that acts to nucleate assembly and position pre-initiation complexes. Multiprotein bridging factor 1 (MBF1) is thought to interconnect TBP with gene specific transcriptional activators, modulating transcriptional networks in response to specific signal and developmental programs. The insect ...

High-Throughput Sequencing Reveals Hypothalamic MicroRNAs as Novel Partners Involved in Timing the Rapid Development of Chicken (Gallus gallus) Gonads

Onset of the rapid gonad growth is a milestone in sexual development that comprises many genes and regulatory factors. The observations in model organisms and mammals including humans have shown a potential link between miRNAs and development timing. To determine whether miRNAs play roles in this process in the chicken (Gallus gallus), the Solexa deep sequencing was performed to ...

Detecting disease-associated genes with confounding variable adjustment and the impact on genomic meta-analysis: With application to major depressive disorder

Background Detecting candidate markers in transcriptomic studies often encounters difficulties in complex diseases, particularly when overall signals are weak and sample size is small. Covariates including demographic, clinical and technical variables are often confounded with the underlying disease effects, which further hampers accurate biomarker detection. Our motivating example ...

Global Analysis of Gene Expression Profiles in Developing Physic Nut (Jatropha curcas L.) Seeds

Background Physic nut (Jatropha curcas L.) is an oilseed plant species with high potential utility as a biofuel. Furthermore, following recent sequencing of its genome and the availability of expressed sequence tag (EST) libraries, it is a valuable model plant for studying carbon assimilation in endosperms of oilseed plants. There have been several transcriptomic analyses of ...

A cis-Regulatory Mutation of PDSS2 Causes Silky-Feather in Chickens

Silky-feather has been selected and fixed in some breeds due to its unique appearance. This phenotype is caused by a single recessive gene (hookless, h). Here we map the silky-feather locus to chromosome 3 by linkage analysis and subsequently fine-map it to an 18.9 kb interval using the identical by descent (IBD) method. Further analysis reveals that a C to G transversion located ...

Module-based prediction approach for robust inter-study predictions in microarray data

Motivation: Traditional genomic prediction models based on individual genes suffer from low reproducibility across microarray studies due to the lack of robustness to expression measurement noise and gene missingness when they are matched across platforms. It is common that some of the genes in the prediction model established in a training study cannot be matched to another test ...

Genome sequencing of the high oil crop sesame provides insight into oil biosynthesis

Background Sesame, Sesamum indicum L., is considered the queen of oilseeds for its high oil content and quality, and is grown widely in tropical and subtropical areas as an important source of oil and protein. However, the molecular biology of sesame is largely unexplored. Results Here, we report a high-quality genome sequence of sesame assembled de novo with a contig N50 of 52.2 ...

Biomarker detection in the integration of multiple multi-class genomic studies

Motivation: Systematic information integration of multiple-related microarray studies has become an important issue as the technology becomes mature and prevalent in the past decade. The aggregated information provides more robust and accurate biomarker detection. So far, published meta-analysis methods for this purpose mostly consider two-class comparison. Methods for combining ...

Ratio adjustment and calibration scheme for gene-wise normalization to enhance microarray inter-study prediction

Motivation: Reproducibility analyses of biologically relevant microarray studies have mostly focused on overlap of detected biomarkers or correlation of differential expression evidences across studies. For clinical utility, direct inter-study prediction (i.e. to establish a prediction model in one study and apply to another) for disease diagnosis or prognosis prediction is more ...

An R package suite for microarray meta-analysis in quality control, differentially expressed gene analysis and pathway enrichment detection

Xingbin Wang 2 Dongwan D. Kang 1 Kui Shen 0 Chi Song 6 Shuya Lu 5 Lun-Ching Chang 6 Serena G. Liao 6 Zhiguang Huo 6 Shaowu Tang 6 Ying Ding 4 Naftali Kaminski 3 Etienne Sibille 8 Yan Lin 6 Jia Li 7

Genome-Wide Association Study of Body Weight in Chicken F2 Resource Population

Chicken body weight is an economically important trait and great genetic progress has been accomplished in genetic selective for body weight. To identify genes and chromosome regions associated with body weight, we performed a genome-wide association study using the chicken 60 k SNP panel in a chicken F2 resource population derived from the cross between Silky Fowl and White ...

The Crest Phenotype in Chicken Is Associated with Ectopic Expression of HOXC8 in Cranial Skin

The Crest phenotype is characterised by a tuft of elongated feathers atop the head. A similar phenotype is also seen in several wild bird species. Crest shows an autosomal incompletely dominant mode of inheritance and is associated with cerebral hernia. Here we show, using linkage analysis and genome-wide association, that Crest is located on the E22C19W28 linkage group and that it ...

miRAS: a data processing system for miRNA expression profiling study

Background The study of microRNAs (miRNAs) is attracting great considerations. Recent studies revealed that miRNAs play as important regulators of gene expression and some even as cancer players or inhibitors. Many studies try to discover new miRNAs and reveal the miRNA expression profile in cancer using a SAGE-based total RNA clone method. However, the data processing of this ...

A Genome-Wide Scan for Breast Cancer Risk Haplotypes among African American Women

Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) simultaneously investigating hundreds of thousands of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) have become a powerful tool in the investigation of new disease susceptibility loci. Haplotypes are sometimes thought to be superior to SNPs and are promising in genetic association analyses. The application of genome-wide haplotype analysis, however, ...

BOD: a customizable bioinformatics on demand system accommodating multiple steps and parallel tasks

The integration of bioinformatics resources worldwide is one of the major concerns of the biological community. We herein established the BOD (Bioinformatics on demand) system to use Grid computing technology to set up a virtual workbench via a web-based platform, to assist researchers performing customized comprehensive bioinformatics work. Users will be able to submit entire ...