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The nuclear proteome of Trypanosoma brucei

WuÈrzburg, Germany) for mentoring and hosting the work. Author Contributions Conceptualization: Christian J. Janzen, Falk Butter, Susanne Kramer. Data curation: Carina Goos, Mario Dejung. Formal analysis ... : Mario Dejung, Falk Butter. Funding acquisition: Susanne Kramer. Investigation: Carina Goos. Methodology: Carina Goos, Mario Dejung, Falk Butter. Project administration: Christian J. Janzen, Falk

Quantitative Proteomics Uncovers Novel Factors Involved in Developmental Differentiation of Trypanosoma brucei

Developmental differentiation is a universal biological process that allows cells to adapt to different environments to perform specific functions. African trypanosomes progress through a tightly regulated life cycle in order to survive in different host environments when they shuttle between an insect vector and a vertebrate host. Transcriptomics has been useful to gain insight ...

Expression site attenuation mechanistically links antigenic variation and development in Trypanosoma brucei

We have discovered a new mechanism of monoallelic gene expression that links antigenic variation, cell cycle, and development in the model parasite Trypanosoma brucei. African trypanosomes possess hundreds of variant surface glycoprotein (VSG) genes, but only one is expressed from a telomeric expression site (ES) at any given time. We found that the expression of a second VSG alone ...

Characterization of two different Asf1 histone chaperones with distinct cellular localizations and functions in Trypanosoma brucei

The anti-silencing function protein 1 (Asf1) is a chaperone that forms a complex with histones H3 and H4 facilitating dimer deposition and removal from chromatin. Most eukaryotes possess two different Asf1 chaperones but their specific functions are still unknown. Trypanosomes, a group of early-diverged eukaryotes, also have two, but more divergent Asf1 paralogs than Asf1 of higher ...

DOT1A-dependent H3K76 methylation is required for replication regulation in Trypanosoma brucei

Cell-cycle progression requires careful regulation to ensure accurate propagation of genetic material to the daughter cells. Although many cell-cycle regulators are evolutionarily conserved in the protozoan parasite Trypanosoma brucei, novel regulatory mechanisms seem to have evolved. Here, we analyse the function of the histone methyltransferase DOT1A during cell-cycle ...

A Histone Methyltransferase Modulates Antigenic Variation in African Trypanosomes

To evade the host immune system, several pathogens periodically change their cell-surface epitopes. In the African trypanosomes, antigenic variation is achieved by tightly regulating the expression of a multigene family encoding a large repertoire of variant surface glycoproteins (VSGs). Immune evasion relies on two important features: exposing a single type of VSG at the cell ...

Telomere length regulation and transcriptional silencing in KU80-deficient Trypanosoma brucei

KU is a heterodimer, consisting of ∼70 and ∼80 kDa subunits (KU70 and KU80, respectively), which is involved in a variety of nuclear functions. We generated tbKU80-deficient trypanosomes to explore the potential role of the tbKU complex in telomere maintenance and transcriptional regulation of variant surface glycoprotein (VSG) genes in Trypanosoma brucei. Using real-time PCR, we ...