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Modulation of APOE and SORL1 genes on hippocampal functional connectivity in healthy young adults

Apolipoprotein E (APOE) and sortilin-related receptor (SORL1) genes act on the same metabolic pathway and have been associated with Alzheimer’s disease (AD) characterized by hippocampal impairment. Although the effects of APOE on hippocampal resting-state functional connectivity (rsFC) have been reported, the main effects of SORL1 and SORL1 × APOE interactions on hippocampal rsFC ...

Interactions of genetic variants reveal inverse modulation patterns of dopamine system on brain gray matter volume and resting-state functional connectivity in healthy young adults

Different genotypic combinations of COMT and DRD2 can generate multiple subgroups with different levels of dopamine signaling. Its modulations on brain properties can be investigated by analyzing the combined gene effects of COMT and DRD2. However, the inherent association between modulation patterns of the dopamine system on structural and functional properties of the brain ...

The Human Brainnetome Atlas: A New Brain Atlas Based on Connectional Architecture

The human brain atlases that allow correlating brain anatomy with psychological and cognitive functions are in transition from ex vivo histology-based printed atlases to digital brain maps providing multimodal in vivo information. Many current human brain atlases cover only specific structures, lack fine-grained parcellations, and fail to provide functionally important connectivity ...

APOE Effects on Default Mode Network in Chinese Cognitive Normal Elderly: Relationship with Clinical Cognitive Performance

Background Functional connectivity in default mode network (DMN) may be changed in Alzheimer’s disease (AD) patients and related risk populations, such as amnestic mild cognitive impairment (aMCI) patients and APOE ε4 carriers. Exploring DMN changes and related behavioral performance of APOE ε4 population might provide valuable evidence for better understanding the development of ...

The Selective Impairment of Resting-State Functional Connectivity of the Lateral Subregion of the Frontal Pole in Schizophrenia

Objective Although extensive resting-state functional connectivity (rsFC) changes have been reported in schizophrenia, rsFC changes of the frontal pole (FP) remain unclear. The FP contains several subregions with different connection patterns; however, it is unknown whether the FP subregions are differentially affected in schizophrenia. To explore this possibility, we compared rsFC ...

Structural Impairments of Hippocampus in Coal Mine Gas Explosion-Related Posttraumatic Stress Disorder

, decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript. Competing Interests: Chunshui Yu currently serves as an editor for this journal. This does not alter the authors adherence to PLOS ONE Editorial

Connectivity-Based Parcellation of the Human Posteromedial Cortex

Regional structural and functional variations in the posteromedial cortex (PMC) have been found in both animals and humans, strongly suggesting the presence of subdivisions. However, there is no consensus on how to subdivide the human PMC. Here, we investigated the anatomical parcellation scheme and the connectivity pattern of each subdivision of the human PMC using diffusion ...

Contribution of the Resting-State Functional Connectivity of the Contralesional Primary Sensorimotor Cortex to Motor Recovery after Subcortical Stroke

It remains uncertain if the contralesional primary sensorimotor cortex (CL_PSMC) contributes to motor recovery after stroke. Here we investigated longitudinal changes in the resting-state functional connectivity (rsFC) of the CL_PSMC and their association with motor recovery. Thirteen patients who had experienced subcortical stroke underwent a series of resting-state fMRI and ...

The Development of Visual Areas Depends Differently on Visual Experience

Visual experience plays an important role in the development of the visual cortex; however, recent functional imaging studies have shown that the functional organization is preserved in several higher-tier visual areas in congenitally blind subjects, indicating that maturation of visual areas depend unequally on visual experience. In this study, we aim to validate this hypothesis ...

Impaired Long Distance Functional Connectivity and Weighted Network Architecture in Alzheimer's Disease

Alzheimer's disease (AD) is increasingly recognized as a disconnection syndrome, which leads to cognitive impairment due to the disruption of functional activity across large networks or systems of interconnected brain regions. We explored abnormal functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) resting-state dynamics, functional connectivity, and weighted functional networks, in a ...

Catechol-O-Methyltransferase Val158Met Polymorphism Modulates Gray Matter Volume and Functional Connectivity of the Default Mode Network

The effect of catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) Val158Met polymorphism on brain structure and function has been previously investigated separately and regionally; this prevents us from obtaining a full picture of the effect of this gene variant. Additionally, gender difference must not be overlooked because estrogen exerts an interfering effect on COMT activity. We examined 323 ...

Less Efficient Information Transfer in Cys-Allele Carriers of DISC1: A Brain Network Study Based on Diffusion MRI

Previous neuroimaging studies of brain networks have revealed less efficient information transfer in patients with schizophrenia. However, the underlying genetic basis remains largely unexplored. In this study, we investigated the brain anatomical networks of 278 healthy volunteers with different genotypes in the common missense variant (Ser704Cys) of the ...

Sex-Dependent Correlations between the Personality Dimension of Harm Avoidance and the Resting-State Functional Connectivity of Amygdala Subregions

Harm avoidance (HA) is a personality dimension involving the tendency to respond intensely to signals of aversive stimuli. Many previous neuroimaging studies have associated HA scores with the structural and functional organization of the amygdala, but none of these studies have evaluated the correlation between HA score and amygdala resting-state functional connectivity (rsFC). ...

The Neuronal Correlates of Digits Backward Are Revealed by Voxel-Based Morphometry and Resting-State Functional Connectivity Analyses

Yu 0 Dante R. Chialvo, National Research & Technology Council, Argentina 0 1 Department of Radiology, Tianjin Medical University General Hospital , Tianjin , China , 2 LIAMA Center for Computational

DISC1 Ser704Cys impacts thalamic-prefrontal connectivity

The Disrupted-in-Schizophrenia 1 (DISC1) gene has been thought as a putative susceptibility gene for various psychiatric disorders, and DISC1 Ser704Cys is associated with variations of brain morphology and function. Moreover, our recent diffusion magnetic resonance imaging (dMRI) study reported that DISC1 Ser704Cys was associated with information transfer efficiency in the brain ...

Iterative Cross-Correlation Analysis of Resting State Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging Data

Seed-based cross-correlation analysis (sCCA) and independent component analysis have been widely employed to extract functional networks from the resting state functional magnetic resonance imaging data. However, the results of sCCA, in terms of both connectivity strength and network topology, can be sensitive to seed selection variations. ICA avoids the potential problems due to ...

Age of Onset of Blindness Affects Brain Anatomical Networks Constructed Using Diffusion Tensor Tractography

Studying blindness with various onset ages may elucidate the ways that unimodal sensory deprivation at different periods of development shape the human brain. In order to determine the effect of the onset age on brain anatomical networks, we extended a previous study of 17 early blind (EB) subjects with an additional 97 subjects with various onset ages. We constructed binary ...

Aberrant Functional Organization within and between Resting-State Networks in AD

Altered functional characteristics have been reported in amnestic mild cognitive impairment (aMCI) and Alzheimer’s disease (AD); nonetheless, comprehensive analyses of the resting-state networks (RSNs) are rare. This study combined multiple imaging modalities to investigate the functional and structural changes within each RSN and between RSNs in aMCI/AD patients. Eight RSNs were ...

Wallerian Degeneration in Central Nervous System: Dynamic Associations between Diffusion Indices and Their Underlying Pathology

Background Although diffusion tensor imaging has been used to monitor Wallerian degeneration, the exact relationship between the evolution of diffusion indices and its underlying pathology, especially in central nervous system, remains largely unknown. Here we aimed to address this question using a cat Wallerian degeneration model of corticospinal tract. Methodology/Principal ...

Resting-State Brain Activity in Adult Males Who Stutter

Although developmental stuttering has been extensively studied with structural and task-based functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), few studies have focused on resting-state brain activity in this disorder. We investigated resting-state brain activity of stuttering subjects by analyzing the amplitude of low-frequency fluctuation (ALFF), region of interest (ROI)-based ...