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Search: authors:"Clara Di Filippo"

8 papers found.
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Characterizing the anti-inflammatory and tissue protective actions of a novel Annexin A1 peptide

Inflammation in now appreciated to be at the centre of may diseases that affect Western civilization. Current therapeutics for managing these conditions may interfere with the host response leading to immune suppression. We recently developed an annexin (Anx) A1-derived peptide, coined CR-AnxA12-50, which displays potent pro-resolving and tissue protective actions. Herein, we...

Effects of PPARs Agonists on Cardiac Metabolism in Littermate and Cardiomyocyte-Specific PPAR-γ –Knockout (CM-PGKO) Mice

Understanding the molecular regulatory mechanisms controlling for myocardial lipid metabolism is of critical importance for the development of new therapeutic strategies for heart diseases. The role of PPARγ and thiazolidinediones in regulation of myocardial lipid metabolism is controversial. The aim of our study was to assess the role of PPARγ on myocardial lipid metabolism and...

The possible role of the ubiquitin proteasome system in the development of atherosclerosis in diabetes

We have reviewed the impact of the ubiquitin proteasome system (UPS) on atherosclerosis progression of diabetic patients. A puzzle of many pieces of evidence suggests that UPS, in addition to its role in the removal of damaged proteins, is involved in a number of biological processes including inflammation, proliferation and apoptosis, all of which constitute important...

Hyperglycemia in Streptozotocin-Induced Diabetic Rat Increases Infarct Size Associated With Low Levels of Myocardial HO-1 During Ischemia/Reperfusion

This study investigated the role of heme oxygenase (HO)-1 in the cardiac tissue injury of acute ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) in diabetic streptozotocin (STZ)-induced hyperglycemic rats. The effects of 1) hemin, an inducer of HO expression and activity, and 2) zinc protoporphyrin IX (ZnPP-IX), an inhibitor of HO activity, have also been investigated on the tissue injury by I/R and...

Acute Hyperglycemia Induces Nitrotyrosine Formation and Apoptosis in Perfused Heart From Rat

This study investigated coronary perfusion pressure, nitric oxide (NO) and superoxide production, nitrotyrosine (NT) formation, and cardiac cell apoptosis in isolated hearts perfused with high glucose concentration. Coronary perfusion pressure; NO and superoxide anion generation; immunostaining for NT, inducible NO synthase (iNOS), and the constitutive type of NO synthase (NOS...

Absence of Inducible Nitric Oxide Synthase Reduces Myocardial Damage During Ischemia Reperfusion in Streptozotocin-Induced Hyperglycemic Mice

We investigated the role of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) on ischemic myocardial damage and angiogenic process in genetically deficient iNOS (iNOS−/−) mice and wild-type littermates (iNOS+/+), with and without streptozotocin-induced (70 mg/kg intravenously) diabetes. After ischemia (25 min) and reperfusion (120 min), both iNOS+/+ and iNOS−/− diabetic mice (blood glucose...

Expression of Angiogenic Factors During Acute Coronary Syndromes in Human Type 2 Diabetes

Inadequate angiogenic response to ischemia in diabetic myocardium could result in poor collateral formation. Because hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF)-1α is a transcriptional activator of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and is critical for initiating angiogenic responses to hypoxia, we investigated the expression of HIF-1α and VEGF in specimens of human heart tissue to...

The Ubiquitin-Proteasome System and Inflammatory Activity in Diabetic Atherosclerotic Plaques: Effects of Rosiglitazone Treatment

The role of ubiquitin-proteasome system in the accelerated atherosclerotic progression of diabetic patients is unclear. We evaluated ubiquitin-proteasome activity in carotid plaques of asymptomatic diabetic and nondiabetic patients, as well as the effect of rosiglitazone, a peroxisome proliferator–activated receptor (PPAR)-γ activator, in diabetic plaques. Plaques were obtained...