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Physical activity and the environment: conceptual review and framework for intervention research

Cornelia Guell 0 Rick Prins 0 David Ogilvie 0 0 MRC Epidemiology Unit & Centre for Diet and Activity Research (CEDAR) , Box 285 , School of Clinical Medicine, University of Cambridge , Cambridge CB2 0SR , UK

Negotiating multisectoral evidence: a qualitative study of knowledge exchange at the intersection of transport and public health

Background For the prevention and control of chronic diseases, two strategies are frequently highlighted: that public health should be evidence based, and that it should develop a multisectoral approach. At the end of a natural experimental study of the health impacts of new transport infrastructure, we took the opportunity of a knowledge exchange forum to explore how...

Barriers to diabetic foot care in a developing country with a high incidence of diabetes related amputations: an exploratory qualitative interview study

Background Diabetes related foot disease is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in people with diabetes. This is despite the fact that interventions to reduce the burden of diabetic foot disease are estimated to be highly cost effective, even cost saving in both developed and developing countries. This exploratory qualitative study was undertaken in a developing country...

Barriers and facilitators to physical activity amongst overweight and obese women in an Afro-Caribbean population: A qualitative study

: A qualitative study Miriam Alvarado 0 Madhuvanti M. Murphy 2 Cornelia Guell 1 0 Chronic Disease Research Centre, Tropical Medicine Research Institute, University of the West Indies , Bridgetown ... -Grannum N , Murphy MM , Anders N , Cornelia Guell T , Alafia S , Lisa B , et al. Female gender is a social determinant of diabetes in the Caribbean: a systematic review and meta-analysis . PLOS ONE . 2015

From the concrete to the intangible: understanding the diverse experiences and impacts of new transport infrastructure

Background Changes to the environment that support active travel have the potential to increase population physical activity. The Cambridgeshire Guided Busway is an example of such an intervention that provides new traffic-free infrastructure for walking, cycling and public transport. This qualitative investigation explored the diverse experiences of new transport infrastructure...

How do couples influence each other’s physical activity behaviours in retirement? An exploratory qualitative study

Background Physical activity patterns have been shown to change significantly across the transition to retirement. As most older adults approach retirement as part of a couple, a better understanding of how spousal pairs influence each other’s physical activity behaviour in retirement may help inform more effective interventions to promote physical activity in older age. This...

Walking and cycling to work despite reporting an unsupportive environment: insights from a mixed-method exploration of counterintuitive findings

Background Perceptions of the environment appear to be associated with walking and cycling. We investigated the reasons for walking and cycling to or from work despite reporting an unsupportive route environment in a sample of commuters. Methods This mixed-method analysis used data collected as part of the Commuting and Health in Cambridge study. 1164 participants completed...

Female Gender Is a Social Determinant of Diabetes in the Caribbean: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

Background Diabetes (DM) is estimated to affect 10–15% of the adult population in the Caribbean. Preventive efforts require population wide measures to address its social determinants. We undertook a systematic review to determine current knowledge about the social distribution of diabetes, its risk factors and major complications in the Caribbean. This paper describes our...

Commuting and health in Cambridge: a study of a 'natural experiment' in the provision of new transport infrastructure

Background Modifying transport infrastructure to support active travel (walking and cycling) could help to increase population levels of physical activity. However, there is limited evidence for the effects of interventions in this field, and to the best of our knowledge no study has convincingly demonstrated an increase in physical activity directly attributable to this type of...