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Familiarity with Own Population’s Appearance Influences Facial Preferences

I Perrett studies how we recognize facial attributes. Current projects include the nature of cues in the face to attractiveness and health; leadership; the impact of childhood, parental relationships ... studied the impact of cultural background on impulsive decision making in the ultimatum game. She is particularly interested in the differences between collectivists and individualistic cultures. Dr. David

Blinded by Beauty: Attractiveness Bias and Accurate Perceptions of Academic Performance

Despite the old adage not to ‘judge a book by its cover’, facial cues often guide first impressions and these first impressions guide our decisions. Literature suggests there are valid facial cues that assist us in assessing someone’s health or intelligence, but such cues are overshadowed by an ‘attractiveness halo’ whereby desirable attributions are preferentially ascribed to ...

The Influence of the Digital Divide on Face Preferences in El Salvador: People without Internet Access Prefer More Feminine Men, More Masculine Women, and Women with Higher Adiposity

Previous studies on face preferences have found that online and laboratory experiments yield similar results with samples from developed countries, where the majority of the population has internet access. No study has yet explored whether the same holds true in developing countries, where the majority of the population does not have internet access. This gap in the literature has ...

Cross-Cultural Agreement in Facial Attractiveness Preferences: The Role of Ethnicity and Gender

Previous work showed high agreement in facial attractiveness preferences within and across cultures. The aims of the current study were twofold. First, we tested cross-cultural agreement in the attractiveness judgements of White Scottish and Black South African students for own- and other-ethnicity faces. Results showed significant agreement between White Scottish and Black South ...

Aesthetic and Incentive Salience of Cute Infant Faces: Studies of Observer Sex, Oral Contraception and Menstrual Cycle

Infant cuteness can influence adult-infant interaction and has been shown to activate reward centres in the brain. In a previous study, we found men and women to be differentially sensitive to small differences in infant facial cuteness, with reproductive hormone status as the potential underlying cause. It is unclear, however, whether reproductive hormone status impacts on the ...

From single cells to social perception

Nick E. Barraclough () 1 David I. Perrett 0 0 School of Psychology, University of St Andrews , Scotland KY16 9JP , UK 1 Department of Psychology, University of Hull , Hull, East Yorkshire, HU6 7RX

Hot or not? Thermal reactions to social contact

Amanda C. Hahn Ross D. Whitehead Marion Albrecht Carmen E. Lefevre David I. Perrett Articles on similar topics can be found in the following collections Receive free email alerts when new articles ... E. Lefevre and David I. Perrett School of Psychology, University of St Andrews, South Street, St Andrews, Fife KY16 9JP UK *Author for correspondence (). Previous studies using thermal imaging have

A Novel Method Testing the Ability to Imitate Composite Emotional Expressions Reveals an Association with Empathy

. Perrett 0 Marcel Brass, Ghent University, Belgium 0 1 Division of Applied Health Sciences, University of Aberdeen Medical School, Clinical Research Centre, Royal Cornhill Hospital , Aberdeen , United

Looking Like a Leader–Facial Shape Predicts Perceived Height and Leadership Ability

Judgments of leadership ability from face images predict the outcomes of actual political elections and are correlated with leadership success in the corporate world. The specific facial cues that people use to judge leadership remain unclear, however. Physical height is also associated with political and organizational success, raising the possibility that facial cues of height ...

You Are What You Eat: Within-Subject Increases in Fruit and Vegetable Consumption Confer Beneficial Skin-Color Changes

Background Fruit and vegetable consumption and ingestion of carotenoids have been found to be associated with human skin-color (yellowness) in a recent cross-sectional study. This carotenoid-based coloration contributes beneficially to the appearance of health in humans and is held to be a sexually selected cue of condition in other species. Methodology and Principal Findings Here ...

African Perceptions of Female Attractiveness

Little is known about mate choice preferences outside Western, educated, industrialised, rich and democratic societies, even though these Western populations may be particularly unrepresentative of human populations. To our knowledge, this is the first study to test which facial cues contribute to African perceptions of African female attractiveness and also the first study to test ...

Oxygenated-Blood Colour Change Thresholds for Perceived Facial Redness, Health, and Attractiveness

. Whitehead 0 Dengke Xiao 0 David I. Perrett 0 Satoru Suzuki, Nothwestern University, United States of America 0 School of Psychology, University of St Andrews , St Andrews , United Kingdom Blood oxygenation

Facial and bodily correlates of family background

It has been suggested that absence of the father during early childhood has long-reaching effects on reproductive strategy and development of offspring. This paper reports two studies designed to investigate the physical characteristics of daughters associated with father absence. Study 1 used a facial averaging method to produce composite images of faces of women whose parents ...

Facial Skin Coloration Affects Perceived Health of Human Faces

Numerous researchers have examined the effects of skin condition, including texture and color, on the perception of health, age, and attractiveness in human faces. They have focused on facial color distribution, homogeneity of pigmentation, or skin quality. We here investigate the role of overall skin color in determining perceptions of health from faces by allowing participants to ...

Skin Blood Perfusion and Oxygenation Colour Affect Perceived Human Health

. Perrett 0 Rebecca Sear, London School of Economics, United Kingdom 0 Perception Lab, School of Psychology, University of St Andrews , Scotland , United Kingdom Skin blood perfusion and oxygenation depends

Single Cell Integration of Animate Form, Motion and Location in the Superior Temporal Cortex of the Macaque Monkey

This study investigated the cellular mechanisms in the anterior part of the superior temporal sulcus (STSa) that underlie the integration of different features of the same visually perceived animate object. Three visual features were systematically manipulated: form, motion and location. In 58% of a population of cells selectively responsive to the sight of a walking agent, the ...

Differential effects of tryptophan depletion on emotion processing according to face direction

, UK 4 Justin H. G. Williams , David I. Perrett Reading facial emotion is disrupted by both psychopathology, such as autism, and altered function of neurotransmitter, such as serotonin. These effects

Common HLA Alleles Associated with Health, but Not with Facial Attractiveness

Three adaptive hypotheses have been proposed to explain the link between the human leucocyte antigen (HLA) genes, health measures and facial attractiveness: inbreeding avoidance, heterozygote advantage and frequency-dependent selection. This paper reports findings that support a new hypothesis relating HLA to health. We suggest a new method to quantify the level of heterozygosity. ...

Q-cgi: new techniques to assess variation in perception applied to facial attractiveness

We present novel methods for assessing variation in the perception of subjective cues based on a fusion of Q-methodology with computer graphics techniques. Participants first Q-sort face stimuli based upon a subjective quality; a randomization-based statistic is then calculated to test whether groups of participants differ in their perception. Computer graphics are then used to ...

Symmetry Is Related to Sexual Dimorphism in Faces: Data Across Culture and Species

BackgroundMany animals both display and assess multiple signals. Two prominently studied traits are symmetry and sexual dimorphism, which, for many animals, are proposed cues to heritable fitness benefits. These traits are associated with other potential benefits, such as fertility. In humans, the face has been extensively studied in terms of attractiveness. Faces have the ...