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14 papers found.
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Vascular calcification and cardiac function according to residual renal function in patients on hemodialysis with urination

Conceptualization: Young-Ki Lee, Jieun Oh, Jong-Woo Yoon. Data curation: So Yon Rhee, Jiwon Ryu, Ajin Cho, Hee Jung Jeon, Myung-Jin Choi, JungWoo Noh. Formal analysis: Dong Ho Shin. Investigation: Young-Ki Lee ... , Jieun Oh, Jong-Woo Yoon. Methodology: Dong Ho Shin. Project administration: Dong Ho Shin. Resources: So Yon Rhee, Eun-Jung Kim, Jiwon Ryu, Ajin Cho. Software: Dong Ho Shin. Supervision: Young-Ki Lee

An Increase in Mean Platelet Volume/Platelet Count Ratio Is Associated with Vascular Access Failure in Hemodialysis Patients

After stenosis of arteriovenous vascular access in hemodialysis patients, platelets play a crucial role in subsequent thrombus formation, leading to access failure. In a previous study, the mean platelet volume (MPV)/platelet count ratio, but not MPV alone, was shown to be an independent predictor of 4-year mortality after myocardial infarction. However, little is known about the ...

Delta Neutrophil Index as a Marker for Differential Diagnosis between Acute Graft Pyelonephritis and Acute Graft Rejection

Introduction The delta neutrophil index (DNI) is the fraction of circulating immature granulocytes, which reflect infectious and/or septic condition. Acute graft pyelonephritis (AGPN) versus acute graft rejection is a frequently encountered diagnostic and therapeutic dilemma in kidney transplant recipients, but little is known about the clinical usefulness of DNI value in the ...

Patterned thin metal film for the lateral resolution measurement of photoacoustic tomography

BackgroundImage quality assessment method of photoacoustic tomography has not been completely standardized yet. Due to the combined nature of photonic signal generation and ultrasonic signal transmission in biological tissue, neither optical nor ultrasonic traditional methods can be used without modification. An optical resolution measurement technique was investigated for its ...

A Novel Multiplex Real-Time PCR Assay for the Concurrent Detection of Hepatitis A, B and C Viruses in Patients with Acute Hepatitis

A novel multiplex real-time PCR assay for concurrent detection of hepatitis viruses was evaluated for its clinical performance in screening patients with acute hepatitis. A total of 648 serum samples were collected from patients with acute symptoms of hepatitis. Concurrent detection of nucleic acids of HAV, HBV and HCV was performed using the Magicplex™ HepaTrio Real-time Detection ...

Sagittal Abdominal Diameter Is an Independent Predictor of All-Cause and Cardiovascular Mortality in Incident Peritoneal Dialysis Patients

Backgrounds and Aims Visceral fat has a crucial role in the development and progression of cardiovascular disease, the major cause of death in end-stage renal disease (ESRD). Although sagittal abdominal diameter (SAD), as an index of visceral fat, significantly correlated with mortality in the general population, the impact of SAD on clinical outcomes has never been explored in ...

Electrocardiographic Left Ventricular Hypertrophy and Outcome in Hemodialysis Patients

Background and Aims Electrocardiography (ECG) is the most widely used initial screening test for the assessment of left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH), an independent predictor of cardiovascular mortality in patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD). However, traditional ECG criteria based only on voltage to detect LVH have limited clinical utility for the detection of LVH ...

Good Glycemic Control Is Associated with Better Survival in Diabetic Patients on Peritoneal Dialysis: A Prospective Observational Study

Background The effect of glycemic control after starting peritoneal dialysis (PD) on the survival of diabetic PD patients has largely been unexplored, especially in Asian population. Methods We conducted a prospective observational study, in which 140 incident PD patients with diabetes were recruited. Patients were divided into tertiles according to the means of quarterly HbA1C ...

Progression of Aortic Arch Calcification Over 1 Year Is an Independent Predictor of Mortality in Incident Peritoneal Dialysis Patients

Backgrounds and Aims The presence and progression of vascular calcification have been demonstrated as important risk factors for mortality in dialysis patients. However, since the majority of subjects included in most previous studies were hemodialysis patients, limited information was available in peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients. Therefore, the aim of this study was to ...

Decreased Circulating C3 Levels and Mesangial C3 Deposition Predict Renal Outcome in Patients with IgA Nephropathy

Background and Aims Mesangial C3 deposition is frequently observed in patients with IgA nephropathy (IgAN). However, the role of complement in the pathogenesis or progression of IgAN is uncertain. In this observational cohort study, we aimed to identify the clinical implications of circulating C3 levels and mesangial C3 deposition and to investigate their utility as predictors of ...

CELL PHYSIOLOGY AND ELECTROLYTES

Introduction and Aims: Physiologic ion channels take advantage of the different ionic diameters to selectively filter the requisite ion. For example, although potassium (K+) and sodium (Na+) ions are similar in size (3.0 Å and 2.3 Å, respectively [Volkov 1997]), K+ channels discriminate between K+ and Na+ by a factor of 10,000 (Doyle 1998) using a selectivity filter. To pass ...

PRIMARY AND SECONDARY GLOMERULONEPHRITIDES 1

Introduction and Aims: Loss of podocytes in primary glomerulopathies is crucial for glomerulosclerosis progression which leads to end-stage renal failure in such patients. The mechanism of direct replacement of injured podocytes does not exist so the only way to compensate the integrity of glomerulus is change of cells shape to cover the glomerular tuft with a smaller number of ...

DIALYSIS. PATHOPHYSIOLOGY AND CLINICAL STUDIES

Introduction and Aims: A high level of fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF23) is a risk factor for mortality, and recent studies have linked FGF23 to parameters of volume homeostasis and an increased risk of heart failure. In hemodialysis (HD), a large ultrafiltration volume (UFV) is also associated with an increased mortality risk. We aimed to investigate whether circulating FGF23 ...

Primary and secondary glomerulonephritis I

Introduction and Aims: Resistive index (RI) in renal Doppler ultrasonography (US) reflects renal vascular resistance. High RI is a risk factor for the progression of Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD). Moxibustion is a local thermal therapy and a part of traditional East Asian medical therapy that involves the burning of herbal preparations at the acupuncture points. It has been used for ...