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Revision of the lacewing genus Laccosmylus with two new species from the Middle Jurassic of China (Insecta, Neuroptera, Saucrosmylidae)

The genus Laccosmylus Ren & Yin, 2003 belonging to Saucrosmylidae was erected by using a single hind wing only. Based on new fossil material and re-examination of the type specimen, the diagnosis of the genus is emended with supplementary forewing characters, reported for the first time. In addition, two new species Laccosmylus cicatricatus sp. n. and Laccosmylus latizonus sp. n...

Downregulation of miR-141-3p promotes bone metastasis via activating NF-κB signaling in prostate cancer

Clinically, prostate cancer (PCa) exhibits a high avidity to metastasize to bone. miR-141-3p is an extensively studied miRNA in cancers and downregulation of miR-141-3p has been widely reported to be involved in the progression and metastasis of several human cancer types. However, the clinical significance and biological roles of miR-141-3p in bone metastasis of PCa are still...

Downregulation of miR-141-3p promotes bone metastasis via activating NF-κB signaling in prostate cancer

Clinically, prostate cancer (PCa) exhibits a high avidity to metastasize to bone. miR-141-3p is an extensively studied miRNA in cancers and downregulation of miR-141-3p has been widely reported to be involved in the progression and metastasis of several human cancer types. However, the clinical significance and biological roles of miR-141-3p in bone metastasis of PCa are still...

Mechanisms of Hearing Loss in a Guinea Pig Model of Superior Semicircular Canal Dehiscence

Science, Ministry of Health, Shanghai, China Correspondence should be addressed to Fang-Lu Chi; moc.621@ulgnafihc and Dong-Dong Ren; nc.ude.naduf@nergnodgnod Received 20 January 2018; Accepted 7 March ... (2016YFC0905200, 2016YFC0905202), and Dong-Dong Ren was supported by the Training Program of the Excellent Young Talents of the Shanghai Municipal Health System (Grant no. XYQ2013084) and the “Zhuo-Xue Plan” of

Mechanisms of Hearing Loss in a Guinea Pig Model of Superior Semicircular Canal Dehiscence

Science, Ministry of Health, Shanghai, China Correspondence should be addressed to Fang-Lu Chi; moc.621@ulgnafihc and Dong-Dong Ren; nc.ude.naduf@nergnodgnod Received 20 January 2018; Accepted 7 March ... (2016YFC0905200, 2016YFC0905202), and Dong-Dong Ren was supported by the Training Program of the Excellent Young Talents of the Shanghai Municipal Health System (Grant no. XYQ2013084) and the “Zhuo-Xue Plan” of

Archaeoteleia Masner in the Cretaceous and a new species of Proteroscelio Brues (Hymenoptera, Platygastroidea)

. Buffington 0 Dong Ren Corresponding author: Elijah J. Talamas (talamas. 0 @osu.edu) 0 Systematic Entomology Laboratory, USDA/ARS c/o USNM, Smithsonian Institution , Washington, D.C. 20560 , U.S. A. 2 ... ) for a loan of Baltic amber. Dong Ren was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No.31230065, 31672323), Program for Changjiang Scholars and Innovative Research Team in University

A new xyelotomid (Hymenoptera) from the Middle Jurassic of China displaying enigmatic venational asymmetry

Dong Ren 0 0 College of Life Sciences, Capital Normal University , Beijing 100048 , China 1 Division of Entomology , Natural History Museum , University of Kansas , Lawrence 66045, KS , USA 2 Department

The first fossil salmonfly (Insecta: Plecoptera: Pteronarcyidae), back to the Middle Jurassic

section of supra-anal process; sa, supra-anal process; vp, vaginal projections. Fossil material The fossil material is deposited in the Capital Normal University (CNU; Dong Ren, Curator), was examined ... Changjiang Scholars and Innovative Research Team in University (IRT13081). Availability of data and materials The fossil material is deposited in the Capital Normal University (CNU, China; Dong Ren, Curator

Familial Clarification of Saucrosmylidae stat. nov. and New Saucrosmylids from Daohugou, China (Insecta, Neuroptera)

Backgound Saucrosmylids are characterized by the typically large body size, complicated venation and diverse wing markings, which were only discovered in Middle Jurassic of Daohugou, Ningcheng county, Inner Mongolia, China. Principal Findings Saucrosmylinae Ren, 2003, originally included as a subfamily in the Osmylidae, was transferred and elevated to family rank based on the...

New data from the Middle Jurassic of China shed light on the phylogeny and origin of the proboscis in the Mesopsychidae (Insecta: Mecoptera)

Changes, College of Life Sciences, Capital Normal University, Beijing, China (CNUB; Dong Ren, Curator). The specimens were examined using a Leica MZ 16.5 dissecting microscope connected to a Leica DFC500

GLCM Based Extraction of Flame Image Texture Features and KPCA-GLVQ Recognition Method for Rotary Kiln Combustion Working Conditions

School of Electronic and Information Engineering, University of Science and Technology Liaoning , Anshan 114044 , China 2 Xiu-Dong Ren received his B. Sc. de- gree in control science from University of

New fossil ephialtitids elucidating the origin and transformation of the propodeal-metasomal articulation in Apocrita (Hymenoptera)

Background Apocrita has a special structure that its first abdominal segment has been incorporated into the thorax as the propodeum. The remaining abdomen, metasoma, is connected to this hybrid region via a narrow propodeal-metasomal articulation forming a “wasp waist”, which serves an important function of providing maneuverability, flexibility and posture for oviposition...

A New Fossil of Necrotauliidae (Insecta: Trichoptera) from the Jiulongshan Formation of China and Its Taxonomic Significance

Background Acisarcuatus variradius gen. et sp. nov., an extinct new species representing a new genus, is described from the Middle Jurassic Jiulongshan Formation in Daohugou Village, Inner Mongolia, China. Methodology/Principal Findings In this paper, we revised the diagnosis of Necrotauliidae Handlirsch, 1906. One new genus and species of Necrotauliidae is described. An analysis...

New transitional fossil snakeflies from China illuminate the early evolution of Raphidioptera

Background Raphidioptera (snakeflies) is a holometabolous order of the superorder Neuropterida characterized by the narrowly elongate adult prothorax and the long female ovipositor. Mesozoic snakeflies were markedly more diverse than the modern ones are. However, the evolutionary history of Raphidioptera is largely unexplored, as a result of the poorly studied phylogeny among...

Identification of fetal cardiac anatomy and hemodynamics: a novel enhanced screening protocol

Background Prenatal cardiac screening is of great importance as it contributes to appropriate neonatal management and helps parents to make a decision regarding their pregnancy. The aim of our study was to evaluate the efficiency of a newly proposed screening protocol in the detection of fetal congenital heart disease (CHD). Methods This was a prospective study. A total of 52...

A new Cretaceous genus of xyelydid sawfly illuminating nygmata evolution in Hymenoptera

Background Nygmata are prominent glandular structures on the wings of insects. They have been documented in some extant insects, including several families of Neuroptera and Mecoptera, the majority of Trichoptera, and a few of the hymenopteran Symphyta. However, because nygmata are rarely preserved in compression fossils, their early development and evolution are still enigmatic...

A giant spider from the Jurassic of China reveals greater diversity of the orbicularian stem group

A large female spider, Nephila jurassica, was described from Middle Jurassic strata of north-east China and placed in the modern genus Nephila (family Nephilidae) on the basis of many morphological similarities, but, as with many ancient fossils, the single specimen lacked synapomorphies of the family (Selden et al. 2011). In order to test the placement within the nephilid...

The Earliest Case of Extreme Sexual Display with Exaggerated Male Organs by Two Middle Jurassic Mecopterans

deposited in the Key Lab of Insect Evolution & Environmental Changes, College of Life Sciences, Capital Normal University, Beijing, China (CNU, Dong Ren, Curator). No specific permits were required for the

Mesozoic lacewings from China provide phylogenetic insight into evolution of the Kalligrammatidae (Neuroptera)

, College of Life Sciences, Capital Normal University, in Beijing, China (CNUB; Dong Ren, Curator). The LSID for this publication on ZooBank is: urn: lsid:zoobank.org:pub:1CDD4A8D-E8FB-4FE8-AF1E3051B9273EC1

Anomopterellidae Restored, with Two New Genera and Its Phylogeny in Evanioidea (Hymenoptera)

fossil specimens studied are housed in the Key Lab of Insect Evolution and Environmental Changes, College of Life Sciences, Capital Normal University (CNU) in Beijing, China (CNUB; Dong Ren, Curator). No