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Microbial community and diversity in the feces of Sichuan takin (Budorcas taxicolor tibetana) as revealed by Illumina Miseq sequencing and quantitative real-time PCR

The Sichuan takin (Budorcas taxicolor tibetana) is a rare and endangered ruminant distributed in the eastern Himalayas. However, little information is available regarding the intestinal microbiota of the takin. In this study, Illumina Miseq platform targeting the V4 region of the 16S rRNA was employed to characterize microbial community and diversity in the feces of wild (n = 6...

Numerical simulation study on monoblock casting process of ultra-slender structural components and experimental validation

-dong Zeng, Hao Sun, Jia-yun Chen , and Xian-fei Wang Shanghai Spaceflight Precision Machinery Institute , Shanghai 201600 , China Substrate, a typical ultra-slender aluminum alloy structural components

Preventing subclinical necrotic enteritis through Lactobacillus johnsonii BS15 by ameliorating lipid metabolism and intestinal microflora in broiler chickens

Increasing studies have focused on the beneficial effects of Lactobacillus johnsonii in certain diseases. Here, we studied the prevention ability of a probiotic strain, L. johnsonii BS15 on subclinical necrotic enteritis (SNE), and its underlying mechanism. 180 male Cobb 500 chicks were randomly allotted into three groups and administrated with BS15 (1 × 106 cfu/g) or Man Rogosa...

Disruption in the cecal microbiota of chickens challenged with Clostridium perfringens and other factors was alleviated by Bacillus licheniformis supplementation

the use of QIIME. Author Contributions Conceptualization: Yicen Lin, Shuai Xu. Data curation: Mengjia Zhou, Yan Zeng. Formal analysis: Yicen Lin, Shuai Xu. Funding acquisition: Dong Zeng ... . Validation: Dong Zeng, Xueqin Ni. Visualization: Yicen Lin. Writing ± original draft: Yicen Lin. Writing ± review & editing: Yicen Lin. 15 / 18 16 / 18 27. Lozupone C, Knight R. UniFrac: a new phylogenetic

Microbial community compositions in the gastrointestinal tract of Chinese Mongolian sheep using Illumina MiSeq sequencing revealed high microbial diversity

Chinese Mongolian sheep are an important ruminant raised for wool and meat production. However, little is known about the microbiota of the gastrointestinal tract (GIT) of Chinese Mongolian sheep. To increase our understanding of the microbial community composition in the GIT of Chinese Mongolian sheep, microbiota of five sheep is investigate for the first time using the Illumina...

Effects of Bacillus licheniformis on the growth performance and expression of lipid metabolism-related genes in broiler chickens challenged with Clostridium perfringens-induced necrotic enteritis

Background Necrotic enteritis (NE), caused by Clostridium perfringens, has cost the poultry industry $2 billion in losses. This study aimed to investigate the effect of Bacillus licheniformis as dietary supplement on the growth, serum antioxidant status, and expression of lipid-metabolism genes of broiler chickens with C. perfringens-induced NE. Methods A total of 240 one-day-old...

Illumina Miseq platform analysis caecum bacterial communities of rex rabbits fed with different antibiotics

Antibiotics have been widely used for the prevention and the treatment of diseases to humans and animals, and they have fed additives for agricultural animals to promote growth. However, there is a growing concern over the practice due to its side effects on intestinal microbial communities which plays a vital role in animals’ health. To investigate the effect of antibiotics on...

Alteration of Fractional Anisotropy and Mean Diffusivity in Glaucoma: Novel Results of a Meta-Analysis of Diffusion Tensor Imaging Studies

Zeng 0 Kan Wu 0 Huafu Chen, University of Electronic Science and Technology of China, China 0 1 Key Laboratory for NeuroInformation of Ministry of Education, University of Electronic Science and

Dynamic Positron Emission Tomography Image Restoration via a Kinetics-Induced Bilateral Filter

Dynamic positron emission tomography (PET) imaging is a powerful tool that provides useful quantitative information on physiological and biochemical processes. However, low signal-to-noise ratio in short dynamic frames makes accurate kinetic parameter estimation from noisy voxel-wise time activity curves (TAC) a challenging task. To address this problem, several spatial filters...

Iterative Image Reconstruction for Sparse-View CT Using Normal-Dose Image Induced Total Variation Prior

X-ray computed tomography (CT) iterative image reconstruction from sparse-view projection data has been an important research topic for radiation reduction in clinic. In this paper, to relieve the requirement of misalignment reduction operation of the prior image constrained compressed sensing (PICCS) approach introduced by Chen et al, we present an iterative image reconstruction...

Stripe rust resistance and genes in Chinese wheat cultivars and breeding lines

oversummering/wintering and spring epidemic zones of resistance genes were postulated using Qing-Dong Zeng and De-Jun Han contributed equally to this work. - Abbreviations Pst Puccinia striiformis Westend. f