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16 papers found.
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Testing invisible momentum ansatze in missing energy events at the LHC

We consider SUSY-like events with two decay chains, each terminating in an invisible particle, whose true energy and momentum are not measured in the detector. Nevertheless, a useful educated guess about the invisible momenta can still be obtained by optimizing a suitable invariant mass function. We review and contrast several proposals in the literature for such ansatze: four ...

Detecting kinematic boundary surfaces in phase space: particle mass measurements in SUSY-like events

We critically examine the classic endpoint method for particle mass determination, focusing on difficult corners of parameter space, where some of the measurements are not independent, while others are adversely affected by the experimental resolution. In such scenarios, mass differences can be measured relatively well, but the overall mass scale remains poorly constrained. Using ...

LHC signals from cascade decays of warped vector resonances

Recently (arXiv:1608.00526), a new framework for warped higher-dimensional compactifications with “bulk” standard model (SM) was proposed: in addition to the UV (Planck scale) and IR (a couple of TeV) branes, there is an intermediate brane, taken to be around 10TeV. The SM matter and Higgs fields propagate from the UV brane down to this intermediate brane only, while gauge and ...

Top quark mass determination from the energy peaks of b-jets and B-hadrons at NLO QCD

We analyze the energy spectra of single b-jets and B-hadrons resulting from the production and decay of top quarks within the SM at the LHC at the NLO QCD. For both hadrons and jets, we calculate the correlation of the peak of the spectrum with the top quark mass, considering the “energy peak” as an observable to determine the top quark mass. Such a method is motivated by our ...

Identifying a new particle with jet substructures

We investigate a potential of determining properties of a new heavy resonance of mass \( \mathcal{O}(1) \) TeV which decays to collimated jets via heavy Standard Model intermediary states, exploiting jet substructure techniques. Employing the Z gauge boson as a concrete example for the intermediary state, we utilize a “merged jet” defined by a large jet size to capture the two ...

Identifying phase-space boundaries with Voronoi tessellations

Determining the masses of new physics particles appearing in decay chains is an important and longstanding problem in high energy phenomenology. Recently it has been shown that these mass measurements can be improved by utilizing the boundary of the allowed region in the fully differentiable phase space in its full dimensionality. Here we show that the practical challenge of ...

Using sorted invariant mass variables to evade combinatorial ambiguities in cascade decays

The classic method for mass determination in a SUSY-like cascade decay chain relies on measurements of the kinematic endpoints in the invariant mass distributions of suitable collections of visible decay products. However, the procedure is complicated by combinatorial ambiguities: e.g., the visible final state particles may be indistinguishable (as in the case of QCD jets), or one ...

Mass measurement using energy spectra in three-body decays

In previous works we have demonstrated how the energy distribution of massless decay products in two body decays can be used to measure the mass of decaying particles. In this work we show how such results can be generalized to the case of multi-body decays. The key ideas that allow us to deal with multi-body final states are an extension of our previous results to the case of ...

Energy spectra of massive two-body decay products and mass measurement

We have recently established a new method for measuring the mass of unstable particles produced at hadron colliders based on the analysis of the energy distribution of a massless product from their two-body decays. The central ingredient of our proposal is the remarkable result that, for an unpolarized decaying particle, the location of the peak in the energy distribution of the ...

Disambiguating seesaw models using invariant mass variables at hadron colliders

We propose ways to distinguish between different mechanisms behind the collider signals of TeV-scale seesaw models for neutrino masses using kinematic endpoints of invariant mass variables. We particularly focus on two classes of such models widely discussed in literature: (i) Standard Model extended by the addition of singlet neutrinos and (ii) Left-Right Symmetric Models. ...

Diboson excesses demystified in effective field theory approach

We study the collider implication of a neutral resonance which decays to several diboson final states such as W + W −, ZZ, and Zγ via a minimal set of effective operators. We consider both CP-even and CP-odd bosonic states with spin 0, 1, or 2. The production cross sections for the bosonic resonance states are obtained with the effective operators involving gluons (and quarks), and ...

Invisible dark gauge boson search in top decays using a kinematic method

We discuss the discovery potential of a dark force carrier (Z ′) of very light mass, \( {m}_{\mathrm{Z}}^{\prime}\lesssim \mathcal{O}\left(1-10\right) \) GeV, at hadron colliders via rare top quark decays, especially when it decays invisibly in typical search schemes. We emphasize that the top sector is promising for the discovery of new particles because top quark pairs are ...

Using energy peaks to measure new particle masses

We discussed in arXiv:1209.0772 that the laboratory frame distribution of the energy of a massless particle from a two-body decay at a hadron collider has a peak whose location is identical to the value of this daughter’s (fixed) energy in the rest frame of the corresponding mother particle. For that result to hold we assumed that the mother is unpolarized and has a generic boost ...

OPTIMASS: a package for the minimization of kinematic mass functions with constraints

Reconstructed mass variables, such as M 2, M 2C , M T * , and M T2 W , play an essential role in searches for new physics at hadron colliders. The calculation of these variables generally involves constrained minimization in a large parameter space, which is numerically challenging. We provide a C++ code, Optimass, which interfaces with the Minuit library to perform this ...

Improving the sensitivity of stop searches with on-shell constrained invariant mass variables

The search for light stops is of paramount importance, both in general as a promising path to the discovery of beyond the standard model physics and more specifically as a way of evaluating the success of the naturalness paradigm. While the LHC experiments have ruled out much of the relevant parameter space, there are “stop gaps”, i.e., values of sparticle masses for which existing ...

On-shell constrained M 2 variables with applications to mass measurements and topology disambiguation

We consider a class of on-shell constrained mass variables that are 3+1 dimensional generalizations of the Cambridge M T2 variable and that automatically incorporate various assumptions about the underlying event topology. The presence of additional on-shell constraints causes their kinematic distributions to exhibit sharper endpoints than the usual M T2 distribution. We study the ...