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18 papers found.
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Redox-dependent thiol modifications: implications for the release of extracellular vesicles

Extracellular vesicles (EVs), including microvesicles and exosomes, are emerging as important regulators of homeostasis and pathophysiology. During pro-inflammatory and pro-oxidant conditions, EV release is induced. As EVs released under such conditions often exert pro-inflammatory and procoagulant effects, they may actively promote the pathogenesis of chronic diseases. There is...

Spatiotemporal gait characteristics in patients with COPD during the Gait Real-time Analysis Interactive Lab-based 6-minute walk test

F. M. Wouters, Kenneth Meijer. Formal analysis: Wai-Yan Liu. Funding acquisition: Emiel F. M. Wouters. Investigation: Wai-Yan Liu, Jeannet M. Delbressine, Frits M. E. Franssen. Methodology: Wai-Yan ... Liu, Martijn A. Spruit, Emiel F. M. Wouters, Kenneth Meijer. Project administration: Wai-Yan Liu, Jeannet M. Delbressine. Resources: Emiel F. M. Wouters. Software: Paul J. Willems. Visualization: Wai

Reproducibility and Validity of the 6-Minute Walk Test Using the Gait Real-Time Analysis Interactive Lab in Patients with COPD and Healthy Elderly

Background The 6-minute walk test (6MWT) in a regular hallway is commonly used to assess functional exercise capacity in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). However, treadmill walking might provide additional advantages over overground walking, especially if virtual reality and self-paced treadmill walking are combined. Therefore, this study aimed to...

Silica induces NLRP3 inflammasome activation in human lung epithelial cells

Background In myeloid cells the inflammasome plays a crucial role in innate immune defenses against pathogen- and danger-associated patterns such as crystalline silica. Respirable mineral particles impinge upon the lung epithelium causing irreversible damage, sustained inflammation and silicosis. In this study we investigated lung epithelial cells as a target for silica-induced...

Characteristics and determinants of endurance cycle ergometry and six-minute walk distance in patients with COPD

Background Exercise tolerance can be assessed by the cycle endurance test (CET) and six-minute walk test (6MWT) in patients with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD). We sought to investigate the characteristics of functional exercise performance and determinants of the CET and 6MWT in a large clinical cohort of COPD patients. Methods A dataset of 2053 COPD patients (43...

Metabolic and Structural Changes in Lower-Limb Skeletal Muscle Following Neuromuscular Electrical Stimulation: A Systematic Review

Background Transcutaneous neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) can be applied as a complementary intervention to regular exercise training programs. A distinction can be made between high-frequency (HF) NMES and low-frequency (LF) NMES. In order to increase understanding of the mechanisms of functional improvements following NMES, the purpose of this study was to...

Association of plasma sRAGE, but not esRAGE with lung function impairment in COPD

Rationale Plasma soluble Receptor for Advanced Glycation End Product (sRAGE) is considered as a biomarker in COPD. The contribution of endogenous sRAGE (esRAGE) to the pool of plasma sRAGE and the implication of both markers in COPD pathogenesis is however not clear yet. The aim of the current study was therefore to measure plasma levels of esRAGE comparative to total sRAGE in...

Cigarette Smoke Extract Induces a Phenotypic Shift in Epithelial Cells; Involvement of HIF1α in Mesenchymal Transition

In COPD, matrix remodeling contributes to airflow limitation. Recent evidence suggests that next to fibroblasts, the process of epithelial-mesenchymal transition can contribute to matrix remodeling. CSE has been shown to induce EMT in lung epithelial cells, but the signaling mechanisms involved are largely unknown and subject of this study. EMT was assessed in A549 and BEAS2B...

Prevalence of Metabolic Syndrome in COPD Patients and Its Consequences

Background The prevalence of metabolic syndrome in COPD patients and its impact on patient related outcomes has been little studied. We evaluated the prevalence of metabolic syndrome and clinical and functional characteristics in patients with COPD and healthy subjects. Methods 228 COPD patients and 156 healthy subjects were included. Metabolic syndrome was defined using criteria...

Impaired health status and care dependency in patients with advanced COPD or chronic heart failure

Purpose Aims of this cross-sectional study were to assess health status and care dependency in patients with advanced chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) or chronic heart failure (CHF) and to identify correlates of an impaired health status. Methods The following outcomes were assessed in outpatients with advanced COPD (n = 105) or CHF (n = 80): clinical characteristics...

Effects of Body Mass Index on Task-Related Oxygen Uptake and Dyspnea during Activities of Daily Life in COPD

Background Patients with COPD use a higher proportion of their peak aerobic capacity during the performance of domestic activities of daily life (ADLs) compared to healthy peers, accompanied by a higher degree of task-related symptoms. To date, the influence of body mass index (BMI) on the task-related metabolic demands remains unknown in patients with COPD. Therefore, the aim of...

Altered Cigarette Smoke-Induced Lung Inflammation Due to Ablation of Grx1

Glutaredoxins (Grx) are redox enzymes that remove glutathione bound to protein thiols, know as S-glutathionylation (PSSG). PSSG is a reservoir of GSH and can affect the function of proteins. It inhibits the NF-κB pathway and LPS aspiration in Grx1 KO mice with decreased inflammatory cytokine levels. In this study we investigated whether absence of Grx1 similarly repressed...

Early body weight loss during concurrent chemo-radiotherapy for non-small cell lung cancer

Background and purpose Radiation-esophagitis and weight loss are frequently observed toxicities in patients treated with concurrent chemo-radiotherapy (CT-RT) for non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and might be related. The purpose was to investigate whether weight loss already starts early after initiation of CT-RT and precedes radiation-esophagitis. Materials and methods In a...

Task-related oxygen uptake and symptoms during activities of daily life in CHF patients and healthy subjects

Patients with chronic heart failure (CHF) have a significantly lower peak aerobic capacity compared to healthy subjects, and, may therefore experience more inconvenience during the performance of domestic activities of daily life (ADLs). To date, the extent to which task-related oxygen uptake, heart rate, ventilation and symptoms during the performance of ADLs in CHF patients is...

Differences in Walking Pattern during 6-Min Walk Test between Patients with COPD and Healthy Subjects

Background To date, detailed analyses of walking patterns using accelerometers during the 6-min walk test (6MWT) have not been performed in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Therefore, it remains unclear whether and to what extent COPD patients have an altered walking pattern during the 6MWT compared to healthy elderly subjects. Methodology/Principal...

Lung inflammation is associated with reduced pulmonary nucleotide excision repair in vivo

Chronic pulmonary inflammation is associated with increased lung cancer risk, but the underlying process remains unknown. Recently, we showed that activated neutrophils inhibit nucleotide excision repair (NER) in pulmonary epithelial cells in vitro via the release of myeloperoxidase (MPO). To evaluate the effect of neutrophils on NER in vivo, mice were intratracheally instilled...