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Effect of Preventive and Curative Fingolimod Treatment Regimens on Microglia Activation and Disease Progression in a Rat Model of Multiple Sclerosis

Department of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging, University Medical Center Groningen, University of Groningen , Hanzeplein 1, PO Box 30.001, 9700 RB Groningen , The Netherlands 2 Erik F. J. de Vries

Radiation Dosimetry of a Novel Adenosine A2A Receptor Radioligand [11C]Preladenant Based on PET/CT Imaging and Ex Vivo Biodistribution in Rats

Purpose [11C]Preladenant was developed as a novel adenosine A2A receptor PET radioligand. The aim of this study was to determine the radiation dosimetry of [11C]preladenant and to investigate whether dosimetry estimation based on organ harvesting can be replaced by positron emission tomography (PET)/x-ray computed tomography (CT) imaging in rats. Procedures Male Wistar rats (n...

PET/CT imaging of Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection

Tuberculosis has a high morbidity and mortality worldwide. Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) has a complex pathophysiology; it is an aerobic bacillus capable of surviving in anaerobic conditions in a latent state for a very long time before reactivation to active disease. In the latent tuberculosis infection, the individual has no clinical evidence of active disease, but exhibits...

Positron emission tomography of tumour [18F]fluoroestradiol uptake in patients with acquired hormone-resistant metastatic breast cancer prior to oestradiol therapy

Purpose Whereas anti-oestrogen therapy is widely applied to treat oestrogen receptor (ER) positive breast cancer, paradoxically, oestrogens can also induce tumour regression. Up-regulation of ER expression is a marker for oestrogen hypersensitivity. We, therefore, performed an exploratory study to evaluate positron emission tomography (PET) with the tracer 16α-[18F]fluoro-17...

Evaluation of [11C]CB184 for imaging and quantification of TSPO overexpression in a rat model of herpes encephalitis

Purpose Evaluation of translocator protein (TSPO) overexpression is considered an attractive research tool for monitoring neuroinflammation in several neurological and psychiatric disorders. [11C]PK11195 PET imaging has been widely used for this purpose. However, it has a low sensitivity and a poor signal-to-noise ratio. For these reasons, [11C]CB184 was evaluated as a...

Guidelines for the labelling of leucocytes with 111In-oxine

cells (WBC) labelled with 111In-oxine (111In-8hydroxyquinoline) have been successfully applied in the field Manel Roca and Erik F. J. de Vries contribution equally to this work. These guidelines summarize

Guidelines for the labelling of leucocytes with 99mTc-HMPAO

We describe here a protocol for labelling autologous white blood cells with 99mTc-HMPAO based on previously published consensus papers and guidelines. This protocol includes quality control and safety procedures and is in accordance with current European Union regulations and International Atomic Energy Agency recommendations.

[11C]-DPA-713 and [18F]-DPA-714 as New PET Tracers for TSPO: A Comparison with [11C]-(R)-PK11195 in a Rat Model of Herpes Encephalitis

Background Activation of microglia cells plays an important role in neurological diseases. Positron emission tomography (PET) with [11C]-(R)-PK11195 has already been used to visualize activated microglia cells in neurological diseases. However, [11C]-(R)-PK11195 may not possess the required sensitivity to visualize mild neuroinflammation. In this study, we evaluated the PET...

Synthesis and Optimization of the Labeling Procedure of 99mTc-Hynic-Interleukin-2 for In vivo Imaging of Activated T lymphocytes

Introduction We have previously described the labeling of interleukin-2 (IL2) with 123I and 99mTc-N3S. Both radiopharmaceuticals were successfully applied in humans to image several inflammatory lesions and autoimmune diseases characterized by tissue infiltrating lymphocytes expressing the IL2 receptor (CD25). However, both radiopharmaceuticals had some specific disadvantages...

Delay and Impairment in Brain Development and Function in Rat Offspring After Maternal Exposure to Methylmercury

Maternal exposure to the neurotoxin methylmercury (MeHg) has been shown to have adverse effects on neural development of the offspring in man. Little is known about the underlying mechanisms by which MeHg affects the developing brain. To explore the neurodevelopmental defects and the underlying mechanism associated with MeHg exposure, the cerebellum and cerebrum of Wistar rat...