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Antiretroviral adverse drug reactions pharmacovigilance in Harare City, Zimbabwe, 2017

Conceptualization: Hamufare Mugauri, Mufuta Tshimanga, Owen Mugurungi, Tsitsi Juru, Notion Gombe, Gerald Shambira. Data curation: Hamufare Mugauri, Mufuta Tshimanga, Owen Mugurungi. Formal analysis: Hamufare ... Mugauri, Mufuta Tshimanga, Tsitsi Juru, Gerald Shambira. Funding acquisition: Hamufare Mugauri, Mufuta Tshimanga, Owen Mugurungi, Tsitsi Juru. Investigation: Hamufare Mugauri, Owen Mugurungi. Methodology

Evaluation of the acute flaccid paralysis (AFP) surveillance system in Mwenezi district, Masvingo, 2018: a descriptive study

ObjectivesPoliomyelitis is an infectious disease caused by the polio virus which affects mostly young children below the age of 15 years. For surveillance children with acute flaccid paralysis (AFP) are tracked. In Zimbabwe every district should report two cases per 100,000 population of children under the age of 15 years old. In 2017, Mwenezi district failed to detect any AFP...

Early Infant Diagnosis Sample Management in Mashonaland West Province, Zimbabwe, 2017

Background. In 2016, Mashonaland West Province had 7.4% (520) dried blood spot (DBS) samples for early infant diagnosis (EID) rejected by the Zimbabwe National Microbiology Reference Laboratory (NMRL). The samples were suboptimal, delaying treatment initiation for HIV-infected children. EID is the entry point to HIV treatment services in exposed infants. We determined reasons for...

Food borne illness amongst health care workers, at a Central Hospital, Harare, Zimbabwe, 2016: a retrospective cohort study

assistant field coordinator, Health studies office, Masters in Public Health programme. Gerald Shambira is the field coordinator, Masters in Public Health programme and also a lecturer at the University of

Factors associated with late presentation for HIV/AIDS care in Harare City, Zimbabwe, 2015

Background Despite widespread awareness and publicity concerning Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) care and advances in treatment, many patients still present late in their HIV disease. Preliminary review of the Antiretroviral Therapy (ART) registers at Wilkins and Beatrice Road Hospitals, both located in Harare, indicated that 67 and 71 % of patients enrolled into HIV/AIDS care...

Pre-treatment drug resistance among patients initiating antiretroviral therapy (ART) in Zimbabwe: 2008–2010

Background Zimbabwe set up 12 sentinel sites to monitor HIV drug resistance (HIVDR) following the international standards for prevention of HIVDR from 2008 to 2010. Methods Participants were consecutively enrolled. Blood was collected and used for CD4 count, viral load (VL) and pre-treatment DR (PDR) tests besides routine baseline tests. We analyzed the characteristics of...

Factors associated with HIV infection among children born to mothers on the prevention of mother to child transmission programme at Chitungwiza Hospital, Zimbabwe, 2008

Background Zimbabwe is one of the five countries worst affected by the HIV/AIDS pandemic with HIV infection contributing increasingly to childhood morbidity and mortality. Among the children born to HIV positive mothers participating in the PMTCT programme, 25% tested positive to HIV. We investigated factors associated with HIV infection among children born to mothers on the...

Risk factors for contracting watery diarrhoea in Kadoma City, Zimbabwe, 2011: a case control study

Gerald Shambira 0 Lucia Takundwa 0 0 Field Epidemiology Training Program, University of Zimbabwe , P.O. Box A178, Avondale, Harare , Zimbabwe 1 Kadoma City Health Department , P.O. Box 460, Kadoma

District health executives in Midlands province, Zimbabwe: are they performing as expected?

Background The cornerstone of the health system in Zimbabwe, the district health system has been under the responsibility of the district health executive since 1984. Preliminary information obtained from some provincial health managers in Midlands Province suggested a poor performance by most district health executives. We therefore investigated the reasons for this poor...